Arthroscopic Bankart Repair With Knotless Suture Anchors: A Comparison Of The Permanent And Absorbable Types
The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of arthroscopic Bankart repair (ABR) using two types of knotless suture anchors (KSAs) in patients with post-traumatic recurrent anterior glenohumeral instability (AGHI).
Thirty-two patients underwent an ABR using KSAs: a permanent KSA (PushLock) and an absorbable counterpart (BioKnotless). There were 16 patients in each group. Pre-and post-operative assessment for shoulder function using the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons and Constant–Murley scores, recurrence of instability, post-operative limitation of external rotation (ER) and ability to return to pre-injury level were recorded in both groups.
Both groups displayed significant improvements in functional scores ( p < 0.0001) without a significant difference between the groups. Of the 32 patients, 9.4% had recurrence of instability (one re-dislocation in group 1 and two symptomatic subluxations in group 2). Return to pre-injury level occurred in 87.5% and 81.3% of group 1 and group 2, respectively. There was 2° to 3° loss of ER after ABR in both groups; the difference between the groups was not significant ( p = 0.45).
ABR for recurrent AGHI using a permanent or absorbable KSA offers comparable successful outcomes; no significant statistical difference was found.