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Activation And Proliferation Signals In Murine Macrophages: Synergistic Interactions Between The Hematopoietic Growth Factors And With Phorbol Ester For DNA Synthesis

JA Hamilton, G Vairo, NA Nicola, A Burgess, D Metcalf, SR Lingelbach

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Abstract There has been recent interest in the synergistic interactions between the growth factors involved in the in vitro control of hematopoiesis and other cell lineages. As a convenient model system, such interactions governing the DNA synthesis in murine bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) were studied. By themselves, murine colony- stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) and recombinant murine granulocyte- macrophage CSF (GM-CSF) were stimulators of DNA synthesis in quiescent or noncycling BMMs, whereas recombinant murine interleukin-3 (IL-3) and the phorbol ester, 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA), were weak mitogens. On the other hand, murine granulocyte CSF (G-CSF), concanavalin A (Con A), and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were inactive on their own. When the quiescent BMMs were exposed to combinations of the CSFs, there were striking synergistic effects for both GM-CSF and IL-3 with suboptimal doses of CSF-1, with a smaller effect for GM-CSF with IL-3 and little or no effect for CSF-1 with G-CSF. CSF-1, GM-CSF, and IL-3 could also synergize with TPA; CSF-1 cooperated with 1-oleoyl-2- acetylglycerol (OAG), both sets of results pointing to an interaction with protein kinase C. LPS completely abolished the CSF-1-mediated stimulation of DNA synthesis. We propose that BMMs are suitable normal cells in which to examine in depth the various mechanistic possibilities for these interactions.