Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

Endogenous Endophthalmitis: Diagnosis, Management, And Prognosis

Mohammad Ali A. Sadiq, Muhammad Hassan, Aniruddha Kishandutt Agarwal, Salman Sarwar, Shafak Toufeeq, Mohamed Kamel Soliman, Mostafa Hanout, Yasir J. Sepah, Diana V. Do, Quan D Nguyen
Published 2015 · Medicine
Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Endogenous endophthalmitis is an ophthalmic emergency that can have severe sight-threatening complications. It is often a diagnostic challenge because it can manifest at any age and is associated with a number of underlying predisposing factors. Microorganisms associated with this condition vary along a broad spectrum. Depending upon the severity of the disease, both medical and surgical interventions may be employed. Due to rarity of the disease, there are no guidelines in literature for optimal management of these patients. In this review, treatment guidelines based on clinical data and microorganism profile have been proposed.
This paper references
10.1038/eye.2010.95
An unusual case of recurrent endogenous Klebsiella endophthalmitis
Andrew S. H. Tsai (2010)
10.1097/IAE.0b013e3181ecccf0
ENDOGENOUS METHICILLIN-RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS ENDOPHTHALMITIS
Vincent Ho (2011)
10.1097/ICB.0b013e3181cc2146
Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography of endogenous fungal endophthalmitis.
Minhee Cho (2011)
10.1016/j.ajo.2009.08.023
Staphylococcus aureus endophthalmitis: antibiotic susceptibilities, methicillin resistance, and clinical outcomes.
James C. Major (2010)
10.3109/9780203017630-10
Endogenous endophthalmitis.
Ann Sullivan Baker (1994)
10.1016/j.ajo.2003.11.078
In vitro investigation of voriconazole susceptibility for keratitis and endophthalmitis fungal pathogens.
Fabiana Bogossian Marangon (2004)
10.1016/j.ajo.2004.08.077
Management of endogenous fungal endophthalmitis with voriconazole and caspofungin.
Sean M. Breit (2005)
10.1007/s00417-005-0182-5
Relation between stage of endogenous fungal endophthalmitis and prognosis
Hiroshi Takebayashi (2005)
10.1097/IAE.0b013e31822d3a34
FACTORS DETERMINING VISUAL OUTCOME IN ENDOGENOUS CANDIDA ENDOPHTHALMITIS
Ahmed Sallam (2012)
10.1097/IAE.0b013e3182a2e705
ENDOGENOUS ENDOPHTHALMITIS IN THE KOREAN POPULATION: A Six-Year Retrospective Study
Han Woong Lim (2014)
10.1016/S0161-6420(99)00139-6
Visual outcomes following the use of intravitreal steroids in the treatment of postoperative endophthalmitis.
Gaurav Shah (2000)
10.1016/j.survophthal.2014.06.002
Systematic review of 342 cases of endogenous bacterial endophthalmitis.
Timothy L Jackson (2014)
10.1086/514973
Editorial Response: Treatment Options for Candidal Endophthalmitis
Michael Barza (1998)
10.1097/00004397-199603630-00014
Endogenous Fungal Endophthalmitis
N Samiy (1996)
: 20 - year experience in Southern Taiwan
M Ang (2011)
Diagnostic pars plana vitrectomy report of a 21-year retrospective study.
G. N. Palexas (1995)
10.1186/1757-1626-3-31
A case of aspergillus endophthalmitis in an immuncompetent woman: intra-ocular penetration of oral voriconazole: a case report
Sa Logan (2010)
10.1016/s0002-9394(03)00896-1
Endophthalmitis isolates and antibiotic sensitivities: a 6-year review of culture-proven cases.
Matthew S. Benz (2004)
10.1097/00006982-200509000-00010
TREATMENT OUTCOMES AFTER PARS PLANA VITRECTOMY FOR ENDOGENOUS ENDOPHTHALMITIS
Yan-qiong Zhang (2005)
10.1186/1752-1947-8-101
Bilateral endogenous Fusarium solani endophthalmitis in a liver-transplanted patient: a case report
Jesper Skovlund Jørgensen (2014)
Endogenous bacterial and fungal endophthalmitis. endophthalmitis
SR Smith (2007)
10.1007/s10792-013-9854-z
Etiological agents of fungal endophthalmitis: diagnosis and management
Rubens C. Vilela (2013)
10.3314/MMJ.54.53
Bibliographical investigation (domestic and overseas) on the treatment of endogenous Candida endophthalmitis over an 11-year period.
Yukihiro Hamada (2013)
10.1016/S0140-6736(04)17228-0
The eye in systemic infection
WA Lynn (2004)
10.1038/eye.2010.145
Endogenous endophthalmitis: 10-year experience at a tertiary referral centre
Paul P. Connell (2011)
10.1076/0927-3948(200009)831-KFT189
Use of PCR in endophthalmitis
Narciss Okhravi (2000)
10.1016/j.jcrc.2012.07.013
Uncommon ophthalmologic disorders in intensive care unit patients.
Andre Grixti (2012)
10.1016/j.ajo.2010.08.036
Prognostic factors and outcomes in endogenous Klebsiella pneumoniae endophthalmitis.
Marcus Ang (2011)
10.1097/SMJ.0B013E3181581191
Endophthalmitis associated with intravenous drug use.
Kian Keyashian (2007)
10.3126/nepjoph.v4i1.5873
Endogenous Aspergillus endophthalmitis in a healthy individual.
A Mamandhar (2012)
10.1007/s10792-010-9387-7
Successful treatment of endogenous Klebsiella pneumoniae endophthalmitis: a case report
Kotaro Ishii (2010)
10.1016/j.ejogrb.2008.12.007
The safety of quinolones--a meta-analysis of pregnancy outcomes.
Benjamin Bar‐Oz (2009)
10.4103/0301-4738.29504
Aspergillus iris granuloma in a young male: a case report with review of literature.
Manisha Agarwal (2007)
10.1038/eye.2008.197
Microbiological profile of culture-proven cases of exogenous and endogenous endophthalmitis: a 10-year retrospective study
Renagappa Ramakrishnan (2009)
10.1001/archopht.124.4.479
In vitro fluoroquinolone resistance in staphylococcal endophthalmitis isolates.
Darlene Miller (2006)
10.1086/596757
Clinical practice guidelines for the management of candidiasis: 2009 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America.
Peter G. Pappas (2009)
10.1186/1869-5760-3-60
Endogenous fungal endophthalmitis: risk factors, clinical features, and treatment outcomes in mold and yeast infections
Jayanth Sridhar (2013)
10.1016/j.ajo.2005.03.030
Successful treatment of Fusarium endophthalmitis with voriconazole and Aspergillus endophthalmitis with voriconazole plus caspofungin.
Marlene L. Durand (2005)
10.3109/0886022X.2011.623557
Endophthalmitis: A Rare but Devastating Metastatic Bacterial Complication of Hemodialysis Catheter-Related Sepsis
Leandro Marcelino de Lima (2012)
Infectious Diseases Society of A (2009) Clinical practice guidelines for the management of candidiasis: 2009 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America
PG Pappas (2009)
10.1007/s10096-007-0443-9
Fungal endophthalmitis in a tertiary care cancer center: a review of 23 cases
Gregory A. Lamaris (2007)
10.1016/0039-6257(86)90076-7
Metastatic bacterial endophthalmitis: a contemporary reappraisal.
Mark J. Greenwald (1986)
10.1016/S0021-5155(00)00355-5
Prognosis of endogenous fungal endophthalmitis and utility of Ishibashi's classification.
Yukihiro Sato (2001)
10.1128/CMR.15.1.111-124.2002
Bacterial Endophthalmitis: Epidemiology, Therapeutics, and Bacterium-Host Interactions
Michelle C. Callegan (2002)
10.1592/PHCO.27.12.1711
Candida endophthalmitis: focus on current and future antifungal treatment options.
Fida A Khan (2007)
10.1016/j.ajo.2011.03.015
Prognostic factors and outcomes in endogenous Klebsiella endophthalmitis.
Kuan-Jen Chen (2011)
10.1136/bjo.83.3.378b
Polymerase chain reaction in the diagnosis of bacterial endophthalmitis
Narciss Okhravi (1999)
10.1023/A:1010954803886
In vitro antifungal activities of voriconazole and reference agents as determined by NCCLS methods: Review of the literature
Ana Espinel-Ingroff (2001)
10.1097/IAE.0b013e31820d3f9e
RISK FACTORS FOR ENDOGENOUS ENDOPHTHALMITIS SECONDARY TO KLEBSIELLA PNEUMONIAE LIVER ABSCESS: 20-Year Experience in Southern Taiwan
Shwu-Jiuan Sheu (2011)
10.5301/EJO.2009.881
Diagnostic utility of polymerase chain reaction on intraocular specimens to establish the etiology of infectious endophthalmitis.
Parameswaran Sowmya (2009)
10.1111/j.1439-0507.2010.02004.x
Endogenous filamentous fungal endophthalmitis--single-centre survey in patients with acute leukaemia or postallogeneic stem cell transplantation and review of the literature.
Maria Vergoulidou (2011)
10.1111/j.1447-0756.2012.01854.x
Diagnosis and treatment of postpartum Candida endophthalmitis.
Jae Hyung Lee (2012)
10.1128/jcm.38.8.2902-2908.2000
Rapid Detection and Identification ofCandida, Aspergillus, and FusariumSpecies in Ocular Samples Using Nested PCR
Emma E M Jaeger (2000)
10.1097/IAE.0000000000000135
Multimodal imaging findings in endogenous Aspergillus endophthalmitis.
Christopher R. Adam (2014)
10.1542/peds.2011-3391
Neonatal Endogenous Endophthalmitis: A Report of Six Cases
Sriparna Basu (2013)
10.1097/00006982-200306000-00013
RESULT OF EARLY VITRECTOMY FOR ENDOGENOUS KLEBSIELLA PNEUMONIAE ENDOPHTHALMITIS
Young Hee Yoon (2003)
10.1097/00006982-200106000-00001
ANALYSIS OF PREDISPOSING CLINICAL AND LABORATORY FINDINGS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENDOGENOUS FUNGAL ENDOPHTHALMITIS: A Retrospective 12-Year Study of 79 Eyes of 46 Patients
Yasuhiko Kobayashi (2001)
10.1016/S0161-6420(01)00841-7
Association of candidemia and retinopathy of prematurity in very low birthweight infants.
Daniel E Noyola (2002)
10.1007/s12348-010-0009-3
Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection: why a new journal on ocular inflammation?
Narsing A. Rao (2010)
10.3109/09273940903216891
Culture Proven Endogenous Bacterial Endophthalmitis in Apparently Healthy Individuals
Khanal Shankar (2009)
Endogenous bacterial endophthalmitis after routine colonoscopy
Syed Yaser Habeeb (2011)
Infectious Diseases Society of A (2008) Treatment of aspergillosis: clinical practice guidelines of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
TJ Walsh (2008)
10.1111/j.1600-6143.2005.01133.x
Bilateral hematogenous Pseudomonas aeruginosa endophthalmitis after lung transplantation.
Sakshi Dua (2006)
10.3980/j.issn.2222-3959.2011.05.20
Endogenous aspergillus endophthalmitis after kidney transplantation.
Huanhuan Cheng (2011)
Endophthalmitis patients seen in a tertiary eye care centre in Odisha: A clinico-microbiological analysis
Savitri Sharma (2014)
10.1080/09273940802689396
Vitrectomy for Endogenous Fungal Endophthalmitis
Xi Shen (2009)
10.1016/S0039-6257(03)00054-7
Endogenous bacterial endophthalmitis: a 17-year prospective series and review of 267 reported cases.
Timothy L Jackson (2003)
10.1111/j.1442-9071.2011.02545.x
Early intravitreal treatment of endogenous bacterial endophthalmitis.
Yoshihiro Yonekawa (2011)
10.2147/OPTH.S5778
Impact of antibiotic resistance in the management of ocular infections: the role of current and future antibiotics
Joseph S. Bertino (2009)
10.1097/IAE.0b013e318228e312
CHANGES IN THE CLINICAL FEATURES AND PROGNOSTIC FACTORS OF ENDOGENOUS ENDOPHTHALMITIS: Fifteen Years of Clinical Experience in Korea
Suhwan Lee (2012)
10.1016/j.ophtha.2012.05.022
A one-year follow-up study on the incidence and risk of endophthalmitis after pyogenic liver abscess.
Chao-Chien Hu (2012)
10.1097/IAE.0b013e3181a3b7a1
ENDOGENOUS ENDOPHTHALMITIS CAUSED BY METHICILLIN-RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS (MRSA)
Thomas Ness (2009)
10.5301/ejo.5000395
Treatment Outcomes and Clinicomicrobiological Characteristics of a Protocol-Based Approach for Neonatal Endogenous Endophthalmitis
Subhadra Jalali (2014)
10.3109/09273948.2013.870212
Relationship between Suspected Reasons of Intraocular Inflammation and the Results of Diagnostic Vitrectomy: An Observational Study
Veronique B. D. Kitiratschky (2015)
10.1128/AAC.02413-14
Observational Cohort Study of Pregnancy Outcome after First-Trimester Exposure to Fluoroquinolones
Stephanie Padberg (2014)
10.1016/j.ajo.2010.07.008
Declining incidence of neonatal endophthalmitis in the United States.
Andrew A. Moshfeghi (2011)
10.1155/2012/265078
Review of Clinical Features, Microbiological Spectrum, and Treatment Outcomes of Endogenous Endophthalmitis over an 8-Year Period
Zenith H. Y. Wu (2012)
10.1007/s001340000623
Endogenous Pseudomonas aeruginosa endophthalmitis: a case report and literature review
Jeremiah S. Reedy (2000)
10.1086/525258
Treatment of aspergillosis: clinical practice guidelines of the Infectious Diseases Society of America.
Thomas Walsh (2008)
10.1097/00007611-197306000-00016
Fungal Endophthalmitis
John A. Mohr (1973)
10.1097/00005792-200303000-00004
Endogenous Endophthalmitis: An 18-Year Review of Culture-Positive Cases at a Tertiary Care Center
Monica I Binder (2003)
10.1016/j.ajo.2012.03.016
Endogenous fungal endophthalmitis: causative organisms, management strategies, and visual acuity outcomes.
Kuan-Jen Chen (2012)
10.1007/s00417-014-2770-8
A prospective multicenter randomized placebo-controlled trial of dexamethasone as an adjuvant in the treatment of postoperative bacterial endophthalmitis: interim safety analysis of the study drug and analysis of overall treatment results
Eric W. Lindstedt (2014)
10.7861/clinmedicine.2-5-444
The eye in systemic sepsis.
Aldrin Khan (2002)
10.1001/archophthalmol.2011.2527
Intravitreal daptomycin in a case of bilateral endogenous endophthalmitis.
Dominic M. Buzzacco (2012)
10.1086/514972
Candida albicans endophthalmitis in brown heroin addicts: response to early vitrectomy preceded and followed by antifungal therapy.
César Martínez-Vázquez (1998)
10.1586/eop.10.52
Severe bacterial endophthalmitis: towards improving clinical outcomes
Billy D. Novosad (2010)
10.1159/000320601
Two Cases of Endogenous Endophthalmitis Caused by Gram-Positive Bacteria with Good Visual Outcome
Machiko Itoh (2010)
10.3109/09273940903494717
Endogenous Endophthalmitis: A 10-year Review of Culture-positive Cases in Northern China
Han Zhang (2010)
10.1097/IIO.0b013e31803778f7
Endogenous Bacterial and Fungal Endophthalmitis
Stephen Robert Smith (2007)
10.1016/S1473-3099(13)70216-0
A high-definition view of endogenous fungal endophthalmitis.
Ian Silva Rodrigues (2014)
10.1016/j.ajo.2003.11.013
Culture-proven endogenous endophthalmitis: clinical features and visual acuity outcomes.
Vivian Schiedler (2004)
10.32388/rmhha4
传染 endophthalmitis 的实验室诊断
Wen-jiang (2011)
Treatment options for candidal endophthalmitis
M Barza (1998)
10.1007/s10792-012-9697-z
Review of endogenous endophthalmitis during pregnancy including case series
Chinmaya Sahu (2012)
10.1093/cid/cir355
Ocular manifestations of candidemia.
Astrid M. L. Oude Lashof (2011)
10.1007/s00417-011-1819-1
Detection of Candida and Aspergillus species DNA using broad-range real-time PCR for fungal endophthalmitis
Sunao Sugita (2011)
Treatment options for candidal endophthalmitis [editoria; comment].
Michael Barza (1998)
10.1097/01.iae.0000250011.68532.a2
INTRAVITREAL VORICONAZOLE FOR DRUG-RESISTANT FUNGAL ENDOPHTHALMITIS: Case Series
Parveen Sen (2006)
10.1186/1869-5760-3-46
Vancomycin-resistant Gram-positive bacterial endophthalmitis: epidemiology, treatment options, and outcomes
Manav Khera (2013)



This paper is referenced by
10.1136/bcr-2019-233133
Favourable outcome in paediatric endogenous endophthalmitis secondary to Neisseria meningitidis following pars plana vitrectomy
Amreen Qureshi (2020)
10.1136/bcr-2018-227288
Acute subretinal abscess in Staphylococcus aureus septicaemia with endophthalmitis showcased by multimodal retinal imaging and with 2-year follow-up
Rita Prajapati (2018)
10.1136/bcr-2018-227025
Endogenous bacterial endophthalmitis and subretinal abscess complicating diabetic ketoacidosis
Joshua Paul Harvey (2018)
10.1016/j.burns.2019.10.025
Ophthalmological evaluation of facial burns in a regional burns centre.
James Berry (2019)
10.1186/s13104-018-3682-1
Sub-retinal abscess as presenting feature of endogenous Candida endophthalmitis
Sidra Zafar (2018)
10.1080/09273948.2017.1306085
Salmonella Typhi Associated Endogenous Endophthalmitis: A Case Report and a Review of Literature
Suchit Dadia (2018)
10.1007/s10792-018-0997-9
Ocular culture-proven endogenous endophthalmitis: a 5-year retrospective study of the microorganism spectrum at a tertiary referral center in Turkey
Hande Celiker (2018)
Left atrial mural septic metastasis complicated by endogenous endophthalmitis
Aura Elena Vijiiac (2018)
10.1080/09273948.2019.1699580
Endophthalmitis in HIV Infection.
Theodora Tsirouki (2020)
10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_375_16
Metastatic Endogenous Endophthalmitis: A Rare Presentation with Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Prostatic Abscess
Mrugank M. Bhavsar (2017)
10.4274/tjo.galenos.2019.02328
Endogenous Candida Endophthalmitis as a Rare Complication of Trans-Urethral Lithotripsy in a Healthy Woman: A Case Report
Mohammad Shirvani (2019)
10.1016/j.ajoc.2016.07.003
Iris abscess a rare presentation of intravenous drug abuse associated Candida endophthalmitis
Jonathan D. Pierce (2016)
10.1080/09273948.2016.1195000
Endogenous Endophthalmitis in the American and Korean Population: An 8-year Retrospective Study
Heeyoon Cho (2018)
10.1186/s12348-018-0158-3
Endogenous endophthalmitis: a 9-year retrospective study at a tertiary referral hospital in Malaysia
Rosiah Muda (2018)
10.1136/bcr-2017-219607
Subretinal abscess
Brook Pittenger (2017)
10.1159/000502412
Fungal Endogenous Endophthalmitis Secondary to Magnusiomyces capitatus
Nestore Rota (2019)
10.4103/ijo.IJO_948_19
Clinical profile and outcome of endogenous endophthalmitis at a quaternary referral centre in South India
Gopal S. Pillai (2020)
10.4103/ijo.IJO_695_17
Presumably contaminated intravenous infusion-induced Aspergillus terreus endogenous endophthalmitis presenting with posterior hypopyon
Mohit Dogra (2018)
10.1513/AnnalsATS.201812-848CME
Ophthalmology in Critical Care.
Priyanka Parekh (2019)
10.4103/ijo.IJO_809_17
Management of multi drug resistant endogenous Klebsiella pneumoniae endophthalmitis with intravitreal and systemic colistin
Mohit Dogra (2018)
10.1080/09273948.2019.1569695
Klebsiella Pneumoniae Endogenous Endophthalmitis Mimicking a Choroidal Neovascular Membrane with Subretinal Hemorrhage.
Mohit Dogra (2019)
10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2173
Reduced Visual Acuity Following Kidney Stone Extraction.
Malini Veerappan (2016)
10.1016/j.jiac.2018.04.012
Panophthalmitis caused by Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis: A case report and literature review.
Hideharu Hagiya (2018)
Young Man with Acute Discoloration of the Left Eye.
Farrakh Khawaja (2018)
10.1080/09273948.2016.1247874
Staphylococcus aureus Induced Endogenous Endophthalmitis with Pink Hypopyon
Pratyush Ranjan (2018)
10.12659/AJCR.921188
Utility of Intraocular Fluid β-D-glucan Testing in Fungal Endophthalmitis: A Series of 5 Cases
Li Chen (2020)
10.1177/1120672119832833
An unexpected case of iatrogenic Escherichia coli endogenous pan-endopthalmitis after ERCP-associated biliary sepsis: A case report
Abdus Samad Ansari (2019)
10.3341/jkos.2019.60.9.851
Clinical Characteristics and Prognosis of Endogenous Endophthalmitis in Western Gyeongsangnam-do
Jiseong Jeong (2019)
10.1007/978-3-319-99870-1_4
Ocular Trauma/Endophthalmitis
Abdulrahman H. Algaeed (2019)
10.1186/s12886-020-01337-9
Optical coherence tomography features of retinal lesions in Chinese patients with endogenous Candida endophthalmitis
Hong Zhuang (2020)
10.4172/2471-9544.100108
Eye and Vasculitis
Shorya Vardhan Azad (2016)
10.1016/J.JFO.2017.06.005
Description et devenir d’une série de 20 endophtalmies endogènes
Teresa Petit (2017)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar