Phase II Study Of Liposomal Doxorubicin In Platinum- And Paclitaxel-Refractory Epithelial Ovarian Cancer
PURPOSE: Stealth liposomal doxorubicin (Alzal Corp, Palo Alto, CA) has a slower clearance rate than free doxorubicin, resulting in sustained serum levels. Liposomal encapsulation also leads to increased concentration of drug in tumor tissue. Meta-analysis of previous studies has shown that doxorubicin has activity in epithelial ovarian cancer. The current study was developed to examine the activity of Stealth liposomal doxorubicin in platinum- and paclitaxel-refractory ovarian cancer.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients had epithelial ovarian cancer that either progressed on or recurred within 6 months of completion of platinum and paclitaxel chemotherapy. All patients had measurable disease. Stealth liposomal doxorubicin was administered at 50 mg/m2 every 4 weeks as a 1-hour infusion.
RESULTS: Eighty-nine patients were treated and included in an intent-to-treat analysis. There were 82 patients who were platinum and paclitaxel refractory and met all study criteria. There was one complete response and 14 partial responses, for a total response rate of 16.9% (95% confidence interval [CI], 9.1% to 24.6%). For platinum- and paclitaxel-refractory patients, the response rate was 18.3% (95% CI, 9.9% to 26.7%). Median time to progression was 19.3 weeks for the entire population. Ten patients (11.2%) withdrew because of adverse events related to the drug (palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia [PPE], n = 3; asthenia, n = 2; cardiac, n = 2; neutropenia, n = 1; stomatitis, n = 1; and edema, n = 1). There were no drug-related fatal events. There were only eight grade 4 adverse events attributable to the drug. Stomatitis, PPE, and skin lesions were managed with dose reductions and delays in most cases.
CONCLUSION: Stealth liposomal doxorubicin has activity in refractory epithelial ovarian cancer. PPE and stomatitis can usually be managed by dose adjustment. The ease of administration makes this an attractive agent.