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Metal Toxicity, Oxidative Stress And Antioxidative Defense System In Plants
N. Fernández-García, Jesus Garcia de la Garma
Published 2010 · Chemistry
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Hyperhydricity is an in vitro malformation and metabolic alterations of shoots induced by an abnormal accumulation of water in the tissues and it can be considered as one of the most important problems in the commercial micropropagation industry, and limits the application of in vitro micropropagation methods for conservation purposes. ROS accumulation and oxidative stress induction in hyperhydric tissues have been observed in the majority of the hyperhydric tissues studied in the bibliography. However, little is known about the origin of the oxidative stress induced in hyperhydric tissues. It is proposed that ROS accumulation can be originated by an hypoxic state of hyperhydric shoot cultured in vitro. Moreover, it is also hypothesised as a possible role of ROS accumulation in the apoplast of hyperhydric tissues as part of a mechanism of cell wall cleavage during hypertrophic growth of hyperhydric cells.
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