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Particle Characterization Of Poorly Water-soluble Drugs Using A Spray Freeze Drying Technique.

M. Kondo, T. Niwa, H. Okamoto, K. Danjo
Published 2009 · Chemistry, Medicine

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A spray freeze drying (SFD) method was developed to prepare the composite particles of poorly water-soluble drug. The aqueous solution dissolved drug and the functional polymer was sprayed directly into liquid nitrogen. Then, the iced droplets were lyophilized with freeze-dryer to prepare solid particles. Tolbutamide (TBM) and hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) were used as a model drug and water-soluble polymeric carrier in this study, respectively. The morphological observation of particles revealed that the spherical particles having porous structure could be obtained by optimizing the loading amount of drug and polymer in the spray solution. Especially, SFD method was characterized that the prepared particles had significantly larger specific surface area comparing with those prepared by the standard spray drying technique. The physicochemical properties of the resultant particles were found to be dependent on the concentration of spray solution. When the solution with high content of drug and polymer was used, the particle size of the resulting composite particles increased and they became spherical. The specific surface area of the particles also increased as a result of higher concentration of solution. The evaluation of spray solution indicated that these results were dependent on the viscosity of spray solution. In addition, when composite particles of TBM were prepared using the SFD method with HPMC as a carrier, the crystallinity of TBM decreased as the proportion of HPMC increased. When the TBM : HPMC ratio reached 1 : 5, the crystallinity of the particles completely disappeared. The dissolution tests showed that the release profiles of poorly water-soluble TBM from SFD composite particles were drastically improved compared to bulk TBM. The 70% release time T(70) of composite particles prepared by the SFD method in a solution of pH 1.2 was quite smaller than that of bulk TBM, while in a solution of pH 6.8, it was slightly lower. In addition, the release rates were faster than those of standard spray dried (SD) composite particles for solutions of pH 1.2 and 6.8, respectively. When composite particles were prepared from mixtures with various composition ratios, T(70) was found to decrease as the proportion of HPMC increased; the release rate was faster than that of bulk TBM in a solution of pH 6.8, as well as solution of pH 1.2.
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