Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Electromyographic Investigation Of Muscle Stretching Techniques.

M. Moore, R. S. Hutton
Published 1980 · Medicine

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Myotatic reflexes can be enhanced following brief static contractions. Since static contractions are often used as precursors to muscle stretch, rationale underlying these techniques were questioned and re-examined through electromyography (EMG). Twenty-one female gymnasts performed three methods to produce hamstring stretch: static (S), contract-relax (CR), and contract-relax with agonist (hip flexors) contraction (CRAC). Hip joint angles and intra-individual electromyograms were statistically compared across stretch conditions. In 12 subjects, the CRAC method elicited significantly greater hamstring EMG activity (P < 0.05) than the other techniques. A higher level of muscle activation was associated with the S method in only one subject. No significant differences in EMG activity across stretch conditions were found in eight subjects suggesting that the relative effectiveness of the stretch techniques varied across individuals. Involuntary paroxysmal tremor activity was occasionally visible in EMG records of most subjects at the low levels of muscle activation. While apparently contributing to increased muscle stiffness, the CRAC technique produced the largest gains in hip flextion. Rank orderings of minimum pain and maximum perceived stretch effectiveness were significantly related with one another, and with decreasing EMG activity, but not with range of motion.



This paper is referenced by
10.1093/PTJ/81.5.1110
The effect of duration of stretching of the hamstring muscle group for increasing range of motion in people aged 65 years or older.
J. Feland (2001)
10.1111/sms.13207
Specialized properties of the triceps surae muscle‐tendon unit in professional ballet dancers
M. M. Moltubakk (2018)
Injuries in professional football: identification of aetiological factors
R. Hawkins (1998)
10.1016/B978-0-443-06812-6.00004-0
Chapter 4 – Introduction to specific massage techniques
W. Lowe (2009)
The effect of a novel warm-up on lower body power in Division 1 male soccer players.
Sergio Gabriel Pena (2012)
10.1113/jphysiol.1996.sp021768
A mechanism for altered flexibility in human skeletal muscle.
S. P. Magnusson (1996)
10.1002/tsm2.150
Comparison of four local vibratory stimuli on mechanical and sensorial variables related to muscle‐tendon unit response
Beatriz Magalhães Pereira (2020)
10.1054/PTSP.2001.0076
Acute changes in hamstring flexibility: PNF versus static stretch in senior athletes
J. Feland (2001)
10.1054/JBMT.2001.0258
An overview of facilitated stretching
Robert E. McAtee (2002)
10.2519/JOSPT.1984.6.2.104
The effects of static stretching exercises and stationary cycling on range of motion at the hip joint*.
C. L. Hubley (1984)
REHABILITATION OF SPORTS INJURIES: SCIENTIFIC BASIS VOLUME X OF THE ENCYLOPAEDIA OF SPORTS MEDICINE AN IOC MEDICAL COMMITTEE PUBLICATION IN COLLABORATION WITH THE INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF SPORTS MEDICINE EDITED BY WALTER R. FRONTERA
(2008)
10.1249/01.jes.0000240023.30373.eb
Neural Aspects of Muscle Stretching
N. Guissard (2006)
10.1123/JSR.16.1.18
Duration of maintained hamstring ROM following termination of three stretching protocols.
P. Ford (2007)
10.1007/BF03075879
De waarheid geweld aandoen ’ Een literatuuroverzicht van ‘muscle stretching’
A. Wilkinson (1994)
10.1519/1533-4295(2000)022<0042:SACFF>2.0.CO;2
Strength and Conditioning for Fencing
Mark Rippetoe (2000)
10.1519/1533-4295(2000)022<0059:ISWPNF>2.0.CO;2
Improved Stretching with Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation
W. Holcomb (2000)
INFLUENCE TIGHTNESS NIGERIANS
A. Akinpelu (2009)
Current concepts in muscle stretching for exercise and rehabilitation.
Phil Page (2012)
10.1111/J.1365-2842.2006.01664.X
Electromyographic activity of the masticatory and cervical muscles during resisted jaw opening movement.
S. Armijo-Olivo (2007)
10.1097/PHM.0b013e3181b72149
Active Stretching Improves Flexibility, Joint Torque, and Functional Mobility in Older Women
L. H. Batista (2009)
Joint Range of Motion
Lw Pedretti (2001)
Influence of Pre-Exercise Stretching on Force Production
J. Anning (2008)
10.1007/978-1-4471-3900-3
Hypermobility of Joints
PhD Frcp Dch Peter Beighton MD (1989)
10.1519/JSC.0b013e31818cc65d
Effects of Dynamic and Static Stretching on Vertical Jump Performance and Electromyographic Activity
P. Hough (2009)
10.1123/JSR.18.3.343
Neurophysiological reflex mechanisms' lack of contribution to the success of PNF stretches.
U. Mitchell (2009)
10.1097/00002060-198710000-00009
MUSCLE ACTIVATION DURING PROPRIOCEPTIVE NEUROMUSCULAR FACILITATION (PNF) STRETCHING TECHNIQUES
L. Osternig (1987)
10.1016/B978-2-294-74450-1.00006-3
Chapitre 6 – Physiopathologie de la scoliose idiopathique
Philippe E. Souchard (2015)
The effectiveness of self-myofascial release with foam rollers or roller massagers on range of motion : a systematic review
Adam Luke Denton (2017)
10.1519/14273.1
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF 3STRETCHING TECHNIQUES ON HAMSTRING FLEXIBILITY USING CONSISTENT STRETCHING PARAMETERS
D. S. Davis (2005)
10.1007/s11932-005-0001-0
Stretching Perspectives
I. Shrier (2005)
Effects of a gymnasium-based resistance training programme on selected physical fitness components in sub-elite martial artists
Von der Marwitz (2012)
10.1016/S1050-6411(02)00047-0
Effect of PNF stretch techniques on knee flexor muscle EMG activity in older adults.
R. Ferber (2002)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar