Quantitative And Qualitative Analysis Of Haemoglobin Variants Using Capillary Zone Electrophoresis
Capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) has been introduced into the clinical chemistry laboratory because of its range of potential applications. In this paper, we evaluate an alkaline CZE method for the quantification of HbA 2 and HbF and also assess the combination of the alkaline CZE method with an acid CZE method for the determination of haemoglobin variants in an automated fashion. Correlation of the HbA2% determined between the HbA 2-CZE method (alkaline conditions) and the Helena Sickle Thal Quick Column® method was good ( r=0·91). The correlation between the HbF% determined by the HbA2-CZE method and by the alkaline denaturation method was acceptable ( r= 0·81). The HbA 2-CZE method was able to identify a large number of haemoglobin variants. The variants HbC and HbE or HbS and HbD, however, had the same characteristics under alkaline conditions and could therefore not be discriminated from each other. The identification of these overlapping variants could be accomplished by the analysis of the blood specimens in combination with the HbA1c-CZE method (acid conditions). We conclude that the presented applications for capillary zone electrophoresis can be used for quantitative and qualitative analysis of haemoglobin variants.