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Perfusion CT For The Assessment Of Tumour Vascularity: Which Protocol?

K. Miles
Published 2003 · Medicine

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Perfusion CT is a technique that can be readily incorporated into the existing CT protocols that continue to provide the mainstay for anatomical imaging in oncology to provide an in vivo marker of tumour angiogenesis. By capturing physiological information reflecting the tumour vasculature, perfusion CT can be useful for diagnosis, risk-stratification and therapeutic monitoring. However, a wide range of perfusion CT techniques have evolved and the various commercial implementations advocate different acquisition protocols and processing methods. Acquisition choices include first pass studies or delayed imaging, temporal resolution versus image noise, and single location sequences or multiple spiral acquisitions. Data processing may be semi-quantitative or, using either compartmental analysis or deconvolution, produce results that are quantified in absolute physiological terms such as perfusion, blood volume and permeability. This article discusses the advantages and disadvantages of the more common CT perfusion protocols and offers proposals that could allow for easier comparison between studies employing different techniques.
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