Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
Please confirm you are human
(Sign Up for free to never see this)
← Back to Search

Organizational Culture And Performance: Proposing And Testing A Model

G. A. Marcoulides, R. Heck
Published 1993 · Psychology

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
The purpose of this article is twofold: first, to propose and test a model concerning how an organization's culture affects organizational performance; and second, to demonstrate the application of LISREL modeling methodology to estimate and test this model. Organizational culture is hypothesized to consist of three interrelated dimensions: a sociocultural system of the perceived functioning of the organization's strategies and practices, an organizational value system, and the collective beliefs of the individuals working within the organization. Organizational culture is operationalized by several latent variables: organizational structure and purpose, organizational values, task organization, climate, and individual values and beliefs. These variables, in turn, are hypothesized to affect organizational performance. Analysis of data from 392 respondents who participated in the study confirms the fit of the proposed model to the data. The model presented in the study represents an initial attempt to describe and evaluate the effects of various dimensions of organizational culture. It appears that the comparison of visible aspects of culture across and within organizations can provide useful information for guiding the directions of organizations. By investigating the variables defined in this study further, it may eventually be possible to explain why some organizations are not performing at desired levels of productivity. A methodological tool has also been presented in this article. It is clear that the application of structural equation modeling techniques can provide organizational scientists with powerful analytic tools for furthering theory testing and development. Structural modeling can be used to construct, estimate, and test a variety of models in organization science.
This paper references
10.1016/0030-5073(76)90016-7
Motivation through the Design of Work: Test of a Theory.
J. Hackman (1976)
10.2307/3380322
Modern Approaches to Understanding and Managing Organizations
L. Bolman (1984)
10.2307/40248767
Evaluating Educational Environments
R. Moos (1979)
10.2307/3006073
Organizational Analysis: A Sociological View
C. Perrow (1970)
10.1037/0033-2909.103.3.391
Goodness-of-fit indexes in confirmatory factor analysis : The effect of sample size
H. Marsh (1988)
10.2307/2393392
Measuring organizational cultures: A qualitative and quantitative study across twenty cases.
G. Hofstede (1990)
10.2307/2393015
In search of excellence: lessons from america's best-run companies, harper & row, ne~ york
T. Peters (1982)
10.1177/0013161X89025003003
The Application of Causal Modeling Techniques to Administrative Decision Making: The Case of Teacher Allocation
R. Heck (1989)
10.1016/0090-2616(84)90015-9
Bringing corporate culture to the bottom line.
D. Denison (1984)
10.1111/J.1467-6486.1986.TB00958.X
ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE AS RELATED TO INDUSTRY, POSITION AND PERFORMANCE: A PRELIMINARY REPORT[1]
P. Reynolds (1986)
10.1177/0013161X82018003004
The Instructional Management Role of the Principal
Steven T. Bossert (1982)
The change masters : innovation and entrepreneurship in the American corporation
R. M. Kanter (1984)
10.5465/AMR.1984.4277391
Studying Organizational Cultures Through Rites and Ceremonials
H. Trice (1984)
10.2307/2392245
Introduction: A Code of Many Colors.
M. Jelinek (1983)
10.3758/BF03202105
A guide to LISREL-type structural equation modeling
Richard G. Lomax (1982)
10.1007/978-94-011-3917-5
The organizational hologram : the effective management of organizational change
K. Mackenzie (1991)
A theory of group structures
K. Mackenzie (1976)
10.1177/009392857961005
Expertise and Power in Professional Organizations
J. Blau (1979)
10.2307/2392246
Concepts of Culture and Organizational Analysis.
Linda Smircich (1983)
10.1177/0013161X90026002002
Instructional Leadership and School Achievement:Validation of a Causal Model
R. Heck (1990)
10.1111/J.1467-6486.1986.TB00952.X
EDITORIAL: THE USEFULNESS OF THE ‘ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE’ CONCEPT
G. Hofstede (1986)
Organizational behavior in education
R. Owens (1970)
10.3102/00346543052001007
The Organizational Context of Individual Efficacy
B. Fuller (1982)
Organizational design : the organizational audit and analysis technology
K. Mackenzie (1986)
10.2307/2391555
Organizations in Action
J. D. Thompson (1967)
10.5465/AMR.1988.4307418
Culture Traits, Strength, and Organizational Performance: Moving Beyond “Strong” Culture
G. S. Saffold (1988)
The corporate culture vultures
B. Uttal (1983)
10.2307/258322
Organisational culture and leadership
E. Schein (1991)
10.1007/BF01108462
Examining the generalizability of administrative personnel allocation decisions
R. Heck (1989)
10.1177/017084068400500301
Theories of Organizational Culture
Yvan Allaire (1984)
10.5465/AMR.1986.4306261
Organizational Culture: Can It Be a Source of Sustained Competitive Advantage?
J. Barney (1986)
10.1037/0033-2909.88.3.588
Significance Tests and Goodness of Fit in the Analysis of Covariance Structures
P. Bentler (1980)



This paper is referenced by
Impact of Leader Member Exchange on Organizational Performance and Commitment with Organizational Culture as Moderator: A Non-Monetary Tactic to Enhance Outcome
U. Tariq (2014)
Impact of Organizational Culture on Organizational Performance: an Empirical Assessment of Banking Sector in Jammu and Kashmir India
Muzaffar Ahmad Sofi (2015)
Contribution of Social Disclosure and Organizational Culture to Create Financial Value of Tunisian Companies
Driss Rahma (2015)
10.1007/s11934-014-0442-1
Optimizing Urology Group Partnerships: Collaboration Strategies and Compensation Best Practices
Dana L. Jacoby (2014)
Organizational Culture and Employees’ Performance Evidence at the National Institute of Public Information Kaduna, Nigeria
By Zakka (2019)
10.1080/14783363.2017.1401459
Assessing a quality model for the social sector: an empirical study of the EQUASS model
N. Melão (2019)
The Study of Relationship Between Distributed Leadership and Academic Optimism in High Schools of Iran
M. M. Hasanvand (2013)
THE ROLE OF ORGANISATIONAL CULTURE ON INNOVATION CAPABILITY: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY
A. Kaya (2012)
Professionalisation and decision making in higher education management: new collegiality and academic change
Anne Rixom (2011)
10.4018/978-1-4666-5154-8.CH006
The Role of Performance Management Practices on Organizational Performance: A Functional Framework
Kijpokin Kasemsap (2014)
Organizational culture of Czech manufacturing companies
Růžena Lukášová (2005)
The Relationship between Instructional Leadership Style and School Culture (Izmir Case).
S. Şahin (2011)
THE RELATIONSHIP OF PSYCHOLOGICAL EMPOWERMENT AND ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE IN BANKING SECTOR OF LAHORE , PAKITSAN
A. K. Alvi (2017)
10.1300/J054v13n01_12
New Technology Adoption, Business Strategy and Government Involvement: The Case of Mobile Commerce
M. Stoica (2005)
Influence of Human Resource Planning On Organizational Performance of Fast Food Companies in Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Tende F. Buradum (2017)
10.6093/UNINA/FEDOA/11501
Entrepreneurship Education as a Process with the support of a Structural Equation Modelling
Enrica Sepe (2017)
EFFECT OF ENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNING SYSTEM ON PROJECT PERFORMANCE IN THE ROADS SECTOR IN KENYA: A CASE OF KENYA URBAN ROADS AUTHORITY
Patrick G. S. Marangu (2018)
10.1080/19415257.2012.722560
Perceptions of the role and effectiveness of special interest groups within a professional organization
W. J. Jacob (2013)
10.1002/SMJ.4250151007
Linking organizational context and managerial action: The dimensions of quality of management
Sumantra Ghoshal (2007)
10.1504/IJCIS.2006.011343
Sustainable development in the rural US Midwest: the m-commerce solution. The wireless critical infrastructure
M. Stoica (2006)
The Study of Individual-Level Adaptability and Service Innovation Performance
Jantima Banjongprasert (2017)
Organizational Culture, Strategy Implementation and Commercial Bank Performance in Zimbabwe
Winfred O. Goromonzi (2016)
10.1108/09727981011084977
Towards a social capital theory of resistance to change
N. Pearse (2010)
10.21678/JB.2018.840
Relationship between organizational culture and performance among German multinational companies in Mexico
Kathrin Oberföll (2018)
10.1504/IJMED.2007.012680
An investigation of the effect of information technology (IT) culture on the relationship between IT and business professionals
J. H. Nord (2007)
The perceptions of principals and math teachers in successful comprehensive 5A high schools on the role of the professional learning community
Christie Branson Whitbeck (2011)
CULTURE TRANSFORMATION: LESSONS FROM BANK MANDIRI AND BANK BRI
Mahmuddin Yasin (2014)
10.1007/978-3-319-51337-9_2
The Unpacking of Culture Within the Framework of Cultural Due Diligence
Nicole Haeusler (2017)
10.1007/S11846-017-0229-0
Management innovation, pro-innovation organisational culture and enterprise performance: testing the mediation effect
Teresa Kraśnicka (2018)
10.1007/S11747-009-0185-6
Exploring the national and organizational culture mix in service firms
C. Webster (2010)
10.1108/01409170910944317
The role of experiences in creating and developing intellectual capital
N. Pearse (2009)
Small enterprise development in Bangladesh : a study of nature and effectiveness of support services
Jahangir Hossain Sarder (1995)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar