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Light Emission By Magnetic And Electric Dipoles Close To A Plane Dielectric Interface. III. Radiation Patterns Of Dipoles With Arbitrary Orientation
Published 1979 · Physics
We have derived analytic expressions for the angular distribution of light emitted by an atomic system, e.g., a fluorescent molecule, located in a dielectric medium 1 at distance z0 from the interface to a different dielectric medium 2. The theory is rigorously valid for electric and magnetic dipole transitions with arbitrary orientation of the dipole transition moment. (In Paper II [ J. Opt. Soc. Am.57, 1615– 1619 ( 1977)], only the special case of dipoles oriented perpendicular to the interface had been treated.) The radiation patterns of dipoles located on the interface (z0 = 0) and oriented parallel to it, and ensembles of such dipoles radiating incoherently with randomly oriented dipole moments were examined in particular. They differ greatly from the corresponding well-known dipole radiation patterns in an unbounded medium 1, due to the wide-angle interferences of emitted plane waves, and radiation from evanescent waves in the dipole’s near field into medium 2, if this is denser than medium 1.