Please confirm you are human (Sign Up for free to never see this)
← Back to Search
Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry Body Composition Reference Values From NHANES
T. Kelly, K. Wilson, S. Heymsfield
Published 2009 · Medicine
Save to my Library
Download PDFAnalyze on Scholarcy
In 2008 the National Center for Health Statistics released a dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) whole body dataset from the NHANES population-based sample acquired with modern fan beam scanners in 15 counties across the United States from 1999 through 2004. The NHANES dataset was partitioned by gender and ethnicity and DXA whole body measures of %fat, fat mass/height2, lean mass/height2, appendicular lean mass/height2, %fat trunk/%fat legs ratio, trunk/limb fat mass ratio of fat, bone mineral content (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD) were analyzed to provide reference values for subjects 8 to 85 years old. DXA reference values for adults were normalized to age; reference values for children included total and sub-total whole body results and were normalized to age, height, or lean mass. We developed an obesity classification scheme by using estabbody mass index (BMI) classification thresholds and prevalences in young adults to generate matching classification thresholds for Fat Mass Index (FMI; fat mass/height2). These reference values should be helpful in the evaluation of a variety of adult and childhood abnormalities involving fat, lean, and bone, for establishing entry criteria into clinical trials, and for other medical, research, and epidemiological uses.
This paper references
A comparison of goodness of fit tests for age-related reference ranges.
H. Pan (2004)
Updated Data on Proximal Femur Bone Mineral Levels of US Adults
A. Looker (1998)
The "Muscle-Bone Unit" in Children and Adolescents
E. Schoenau (2002)
Height-normalized indices of the body's fat-free mass and fat mass: potentially useful indicators of nutritional status.
T. Vanitallie (1990)
Reproducibility of DXA measurements of bone mineral density and body composition in children
C. M. Leonard (2008)
Scaling of human body composition to stature: new insights into body mass index.
S. Heymsfield (2007)
Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry
A. Frisancho (1996)
QDR 4500A dual-energy X-ray absorptiometer underestimates fat mass in comparison with criterion methods in adults.
D. Schoeller (2005)
Prevalence of sarcopenia and predictors of skeletal muscle mass in healthy, older men and women.
Michele Iannuzzi-sucich (2002)
Reproducibility of DXA estimations of body fat in HIV lipodystrophy: implications for clinical research.
R. Cavalcanti (2005)
Dual-energy X-ray aborptiometry assessment in children and adolescents with diseases that may affect the skeleton: the 2007 ISCD Pediatric Official Positions.
N. Bishop (2008)
Official Positions of the International Society for Clinical Densitometry and executive summary of the 2007 ISCD Pediatric Position Development Conference.
S. Baim (2008)
Physical status: the use and interpretation of anthropometry. Report of a WHO Expert Committee.
Daniel W. Sellen (1995)
Evaluation of the HIV lipodystrophy case definition in a placebo-controlled, 144-week study in antiretroviral-naive adults.
M. Law (2006)
Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry. Report of a WHO Expert Committee
P. B. Eveleth (1996)
Body composition interpretation. Contributions of the fat-free mass index and the body fat mass index.
U. Kyle (2003)
Obesity : Preventing and managing the global epidemic
D. S. Akram (2000)
Heritability of body composition measured by DXA in the diabetes heart study.
F. Hsu (2005)
Comparisons of percentage body fat, body mass index, waist circumference, and waist-stature ratio in adults.
K. Flegal (2009)
Total body composition by DXA of 241 HIV-negative men and 162 HIV-infected men: proposal of reference values for defining lipodystrophy.
E. Bonnet (2005)
Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic. Report of a WHO consultation.
Who Consultation on Obesity (2000)
Healthy percentage body fat ranges: an approach for developing guidelines based on body mass index.
D. Gallagher (2000)
in children and adolescents
G. Chelimsky (2004)
Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry interpretation and reporting in children and adolescents: the 2007 ISCD Pediatric Official Positions.
C. Gordon (2008)
Age, gender, and race/ethnic differences in total body and subregional bone density
A. Looker (2008)
Body composition estimates from NHANES III bioelectrical impedance data
W. Chumlea (2002)
Body Composition Reference PLoS ONE | www.plosone.org
This paper is referenced by
Diverse Abnormal Body Composition Phenotypes: Interaction Between Muscle, Fat, and Bone
Tae Nyun Kim (2015)
Relationships between the lean mass index and bone mass and reference values of muscular status in healthy Chinese children and adolescents
B. Guo (2015)
Influence of subject presentation on interpretation of body composition change after 6 months of self-selected training and diet in athletic males
Ava D Kerr (2018)
A comparison of fat and lean body mass index to BMI for the identification of metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents.
D. Weber (2014)
ABCD: Anthropometry, Body Composition, and Crohn Disease
Denise S K Brookes (2016)
Fat-free weight prediction in morbidly obese females
I. Bucaloiu (2011)
Health and ageing: a cross-sectional study of body composition.
A. Bazzocchi (2013)
An analysis of body composition and its measurement in a sample of Irish adults aged 18-81 years.
S. Leahy (2011)
Defining cutoffs to diagnose obesity using the relative fat mass (RFM): Association with mortality in NHANES 1999–2014
O. Woolcott (2020)
A multinational study to develop universal standardization of whole‐body bone density and composition using GE Healthcare Lunar and Hologic DXA systems
J. Shepherd (2012)
Clinical outcomes related to muscle mass in humans with cancer and catabolic illnesses.
V. Baracos (2013)
Non-invasive Techniques for Bone Mass Measurement
M. Leonard (2012)
Alendronate Improves Bone Mineral Density in Children and Adolescents Perinatally Infected With Human Immunodeficiency Virus With Low Bone Mineral Density for Age
D. Jacobson (2020)
Body composition analysis and references in children: clinical usefulness and limitations
S. Chung (2018)
Plasma vascular endothelial growth factor B is elevated in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease patients and associated with blood pressure and renal dysfunction
Xiaofeng Ye (2020)
Hemoglobin levels and low bone mineral density in non-anemic older adults: Secondary analysis of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Hyoung-Sik Kim (2019)
Generalized metabolic bone disease and fracture risk in Rothmund-Thomson syndrome
Felicia Cao (2017)
Fat redistribution syndromes associated with HIV-1 infection and combination antiretroviral therapy.
P. Domingo (2012)
Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry Body Composition in NCAA Division I Athletes: Exploration of Mass Distribution
J. Sanfilippo (2019)
Age-related bone mineral density patterns in Koreans (KNHANES IV).
E. Lee (2012)
New fat free mass - fat mass model for use in physiological energy balance equations
D. Thomas (2010)
High cardiometabolic risk in healthy Chilean adolescents: associations with anthropometric, biological and lifestyle factors
R. Burrows (2016)
Breastfeeding and Bone Mass at the Ages of 18 and 30: Prospective Analysis of Live Births from the Pelotas (Brazil) 1982 and 1993 Cohorts
L. Muniz (2015)
Early nutrition matters. Clinical studies on the effects of nutritional intake in the early postnatal period of Very Low Birth Weight Infants
V. Christmann (2018)
T 2 relaxometry to image fibrosis in patients with Crohn ’ s disease
C. Breynaert (2014)
Advances in the science and application of body composition measurement.
V. Baracos (2012)
Sex differences in the effects of 12 weeks sprint interval training on body fat mass and the rates of fatty acid oxidation and VO2max during exercise
L. Bagley (2016)
Higher serum ferritin level and lower femur neck strength in women at the stage of bone loss (≥ 45 years of age): The Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV)
S. H. Ahn (2016)
Body Fat Percentiles for German Children and Adolescents
S. Plachta-Danielzik (2012)
Body composition parameters in healthy Brazilian women differ from white, black, and Hispanic American women reference range.
Maria das Graças Barbosa Sousa (2013)
Effects of Switching from Stavudine to Raltegravir on Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue in HIV-Infected Patients with HIV/HAART-Associated Lipodystrophy Syndrome (HALS). A Clinical and Molecular Study
P. Domingo (2014)
Vitamin D status and functional health outcomes in children aged 2-8 y: a 6-mo vitamin D randomized controlled trial.
Neil R. Brett (2018)See more