Multi-analyte Analysis Of Non-vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants In Human Plasma Using Tandem Mass Spectrometry
The non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) apixaban, dabigatran, and rivaroxaban are being administered in fixed doses without routine monitoring of anticoagulant activities. Despite this key advantage over vitamin K antagonists (VKAs), assessment of anticoagulant intensities is required in various clinical circumstances. We developed a multi-analyte approach for mass spectrometric analysis of NOACs in human plasma.
Plasma samples were precipitated with acetonitrile. Separation was achieved by liquid chromatography using a C18 column and a gradient elution within a run time of 2.5 min. Positive electrospray ionization was used and ion transitions monitored by a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer. Stable-isotope-labeled analogues of analytes were employed as internal standards for quantitative analysis. Certified external quality control samples were obtained for external validation.
For all analytes, linearity could be demonstrated over the concentration range of 1–500 μg/L (R
The method enables rapid and reliable simultaneous determination of NOAC concentrations in human plasma. It was successfully introduced into clinical practice; a case with rivaroxaban overdose is presented to exemplify the method’s applicability.