Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

EFFECTS OF DROP JUMPS ADDED TO THE WARM‐UP OF ELITE SPORT ATHLETES WITH A HIGH CAPACITY FOR EXPLOSIVE FORCE DEVELOPMENT

R. Hilfiker, K. Hübner, T. Lorenz, B. Marti
Published 2007 · Psychology, Medicine

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the immediate influence of eccentric muscle action on vertical jump performance in athletes performing sports with a high demand of explosive force development. In this randomized, controlled crossover trial, 13 Swiss elite athletes (national team members in ski jump, ski alpine, snowboard freestyle and alpine, ski freestyle, and gymnastics) with a mean age of 22 years (range 20–28) were randomized into 2 groups. After a semistandardized warm-up, group 1 did 5 jumps from a height of 60 cm, landing with active stabilization in 90± knee flexion. One minute after these modified drop jumps, they performed 3 single squat jumps (SJ) and 3 single countermovement jumps (CMJ) on a force platform. The athletes repeated the procedure after 1 hour without the modified drop jumps. In a crossover manner, group 2 did the first warm-up without and the second warm-up with the modified drop jumps. Differences of the performance (jump height and maximal power) between the different warm-ups were the main outcomes. The mean absolute power and absolute height (without drop jumps) were CMJ 54.9 W·-1 (SD = 4.1), SJ 55.0 W·kg-1 (SD = 5.1), CMJ 44.1 cm (SD = 4.1), and SJ 40.8 cm (SD = 4.1). A consistent tendency for improvement with added drop jumps to the warm-up routine was observed compared with warm-up without drop jumps: maximal power CMJ + 1.02 W·kg-1 (95% confidence interval [CI] = + 0.03 to + 2.38), p = 0.045; maximal power SJ + 0.8 W·kg-1 (95% CI = - 0.34 to + 2.02), p = 0.148; jump height CMJ + 0.48 cm (95% CI = - 0.26 to + 1.2), p = 0.182; SJ + 0.73 cm (95% CI = + 0.36 to + 1.18), p = 0.169. Athletes could add modified drop jumps to the warm-up before competitions to improve explosive force development.
This paper references
10.1152/JAPPL.2000.88.6.2131
Postactivation potentiation, fiber type, and twitch contraction time in human knee extensor muscles.
Taku Hamada (2000)
HOPKINS. A decision tree for controlled trials
A. M. BATTERHAM (2005)
MVC-induced short- term potentiation of explosive force
Arne Güllich (2006)
MCCOMAS. Twitch potentiation after voluntary contraction
A. A. VANDERVOORT (1983)
10.1519/R-13123.1
ACUTE EFFECTS OF HEAVY PRELOADING ON VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL JUMP PERFORMANCE
S. L. Scott (2004)
10.1519/1533-4287(1998)012<0082:AEOPPF>2.3.CO;2
Acute Enhancement of Power Performance From Heavy Load Squats
W. Young (1998)
10.1002/mus.20101
Postactivation potentiation in human muscle is not related to the type of maximal conditioning contraction
S. Baudry (2004)
A decision tree for controlled trials
A M Batterham (2005)
10.1519/1533-4287(2003)017<0671:PPRIAA>2.0.CO;2
Postactivation Potentiation Response in Athletic and Recreationally Trained Individuals
Loren Z. F. Chiu (2003)
16. SALE, D. Postactivation potentiation: Role in performance
D D Oaposleary (1997)
Calculating likely (confidence) limits and likelihoods for true values (Excel spreadsheet): A new view of statistics
W. HOPKINS (2005)
[Maximal and high-velocity power. A study in Swiss male and female national ski athletes].
Howard Spring (1994)
Effect of warmup on the standing broad jump in trained and untrained men and women
A J Koch (2003)
GARDNER. Statistics with Confidence (2nd ed.)
D. ALTMAN (2000)
HILFIKER. Drop jumps added to a warm-up increases the jump height compared to an ergometer warm-up only: A single blind randomized crossover trial: A pilot study
J. FONTANNAZ (2004)
10.1007/BF00417776
Twitch potentiation after fatiguing exercise in man
S. Alway (2004)
10.1136/BJSM.2002.003392
Postactivation potentiation: role in performance
D. Sale (2004)
Drop jumps added to a warm-up increases the jump height compared to an ergometer warm-up only: A single blind randomized crossover trial: A pilot study
J Fontannaz (2004)
KRAEMER, AND C.B. COOKE. Changes in dynamic exercise performance following a sequence of preconditioning isometric muscle
D. N. FRENCH (2003)
10.1016/0014-4886(83)90163-2
Twitch potentiation after voluntary contraction
A. Vandervoort (1983)
STONE. Effect of warmup on the standing broad jump in trained and untrained men and women
A. J. KOCH (2003)
10.1519/1533-4287(2004)18<551:RAFVOS>2.0.CO;2
Reliability and Factorial Validity of Squat and Countermovement Jump Tests
G. Marković (2004)
10.1007/s00421-003-0798-2
The effect of an active warm-up on surface EMG and muscle performance in healthy humans
D. Stewart (2003)
10.1519/1533-4287(2002)016<0530:TAEOHL>2.0.CO;2
The Acute Effects of Heavy Loads on Jump Squat Performance: An Evaluation of the Complex and Contrast Methods of Power Development
G. Duthie (2002)
10.1519/1533-4287(2003)017<0342:EOASHW>2.0.CO;2
Effect of a Submaximal Half‐Squats Warm‐up Program on Vertical Jumping Ability
V. Gourgoulis (2003)
10.1519/1533-4287(2003)017<0678:CIDEPF>2.0.CO;2
Changes in Dynamic Exercise Performance Following a Sequence of Preconditioning Isometric Muscle Actions
D. French (2003)
SALE. Posttetanic potentiation of human dorsiflexors
D. D. O’LEARY (1997)



This paper is referenced by
The Effect of Plyometric Exercises on Repeated Strength and Power Performance in Elite Karate Athletes
Spyros Margaritopoulos (2015)
Postactivation Potentiation: Practical Implications in The Collegiate Setting
S. Banks (2016)
Effects of baseline levels of flexibility and vertical jump ability on performance following different volumes of static stretching and potentiating exercises in elite gymnasts.
Olyvia Donti (2014)
10.1519/JSC.0000000000001696
Using the Split Squat to Potentiate Bilateral and Unilateral Jump Performance
Chris J Bishop (2017)
10.2478/HUMO-2013-0050
The effects of a postactivation potentiation warm-up on subsequent sprint performance
C. E. Smith (2014)
10.29252/aassjournal.6.2.15
Effects of Jump Difficulty on the Final Performance in Snowboard-Slopestyle-Winter Olympic Games, Socchi 2014
Jesús Muñoz (2018)
Induced Post-activation Potentiation and its Relationship to Performance Variables in the Block Start
Chidiriayi Enyia (2014)
10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182a0d8c1
Acute Potentiating Effect of Depth Jumps on Sprint Performance
P. J. Byrne (2014)
The Effects of Accentuated Eccentric Loading During Drop Jumps on Strength, Power, Speed and Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage
Lee A. Bridgeman (2016)
10.1002/9781118685150.CH13
Strength and Conditioning
Paul Comfort (2013)
10.23736/S0022-4707.19.10274-5
Does the inclusion of ballistic exercises during warm-up enhance short distance running performance?
Maria Helena Gonçalves Gil (2020)
10.1519/JSC.0b013e318212e224
An Investigation into the Acute Effects of Depth Jumps on Maximal Strength Performance
Nathan Bullock (2011)
10.3928/19425864-20161003-01
Influence of Dynamic Stretching and Foam Rolling on Vertical Jump
Thomas J. Kopec (2017)
Acute effect of different warm-up stretch protocols on vertical jump performance in volleyball players
Rouhollah Haghshenas (2014)
10.1080/02640414.2014.979857
The effect of heavy resistance exercise on repeated sprint performance in youth athletes
Daniel Craig Low (2015)
Exercise Bouts at Three Different Intensities Fail to Potentiate Concentric Power
Chad A. Cabrera (2009)
10.1123/IJSPP.8.6.677
Preconditioning strategies to enhance physical performance on the day of competition.
L. Kilduff (2013)
Training For Pow er: Principles And Practice
Anthony Turner (2009)
10.1519/JSC.0b013e318299a214
The Acute Effect of a Plyometric Stimulus on Jump Performance in Professional Rugby Players
D. P. Tobin (2014)
Influence of type of muscle contraction and gender on postactivation potentiation of upper and lower limb explosive performance in elite fencers.
C. Tsolakis (2011)
10.25710/929Y-2N46
Postactivation potentiation: predictors in NCAA Division II varsity track and field power athletes
Alexander Harrison (2011)
10.5604/20831862.1140426
Effects of general, specific and combined warm-up on explosive muscular performance
DC Andrade (2015)
10.1007/s40279-015-0376-x
Warm-Up Strategies for Sport and Exercise: Mechanisms and Applications
Courtney J. McGowan (2015)
10.3233/IES-182156
Influence of traditional and cluster set plyometric warm-ups on reactive strength index and leg stiffness in male rugby players
C. Kurt (2018)
Countermovement Jump Performance
(2017)
Short notice Kratko saopštenje DIFFERENCES IN ANTHROPOMETRICS CHARACTERISTICS , SOMATOTYPE AND MOTOR SKILL IN KARATE AND NONATHLETES
Jovana Bozoljac (2018)
ACUTE EFFECTS OF DEPTH JUMP VOLUME ON VERTICAL JUMP PERFORMANCE IN COLLEGIATE WOMEN SOCCER PLAYERS
Jennifer L. Stieg (2011)
STRENGHT DEVELOPMENT USING COMPLEX TRAINING
SLOBODAN ANDRAŠI (2018)
10.1519/JSC.0000000000002054
A Warm-Up Routine That Incorporates a Plyometric Protocol Potentiates the Force-Generating Capacity of the Quadriceps Muscles
Mariska Johnson (2019)
An investigation into the effects of different warm-up protocols on flexibility and jumping performance in youth
Ognjen Andrejić (2012)
10.5812/ASJSM.14566
Effect of Postactivation Potentiation on Short Sprint Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
José Jonas de Oliveira (2017)
10.1519/JSC.0b013e31822a5a79
Ten Minutes of Dynamic Stretching Is Sufficient to Potentiate Vertical Jump Performance Characteristics
O. Turki (2011)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar