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Description Of Oral-motor Development From Birth To Six Years Of Age

Rosa Mercedes Sampallo Pedroza, Luisa Fernanda Cardona Lopez, Karen Eliana Ramirez Gomez

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<p>This document seeks to present bibliometric research into<br />characterizing the behaviors of each of the stomatognathic<br />functions of a child based on developmental age and expected<br />development until the age of six. The investigation collected<br />the information provided in scientific literature regarding the<br />development of oral-motor postural patterns, environmental<br />influences, sensitivity, tone, muscle strength, use of feeding<br />tools, anatomy, physiology, and the neurology of the anatomical<br />structures of the stomatognathic system. As a result, the major<br />milestones of oromotor development from birth to the age of six<br />are described in this document. Also, a more detailed manual<br />was written to be used by Speech-Language Pathologists. The<br />research concludes that oral motor patterns emerge according<br />to the maturation and function of the different stomatognathic<br />structures. It is of prime importance for Speech-Language<br />Pathologists to be experts in normal oromotor development in<br />order to provide the best professional services when treating<br />children in need of feeding, sucking and dysphagia therapy.</p>