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PREPARATION OF MAGNETIC HYDROGEL BY IN-SITU COPRECIPITATION PROCESS

Ngoc Uyen Nhi Nguyen
Published 2018 · Materials Science

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This study describes a preparation of magnetite nanoparticle by co-precipitation of Fe(II) and Fe(III) in alginate hydrogel matrix. This simple process is sufficient for producing a superparamagnetic, well dispersible magnetite nanoparticle in polymer hydrogel matrix. Two approaches for iron ions loadings are induced. The first approach includes two steps, the hydrogel beads are formed before the iron ions are being diffused into the hydrogel matrix. The second approach is the simultaneous forming of hydrogel containing iron ions. The ions loaded hydrogel is then coprecipitated in the presence of ammonium hydroxide to afford iron oxide magnetite nanoparticles in alginate hydrogel matrix. The composition and characteristics of the hydrogel containing magnetite nanoparticle were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results showed that the particles size of magnetic nanoparticles prepared by in-situ coprecipitation method is around ~ 6 nm and smaller than that produced by normal coprecipitation method. The magnetic hydrogel exhibits superparamagnetic properties with the saturation magnetization of about 25 emu/g, the ratio of Mr/Ms about 0.8 ×10 -3 . Possessing the biocompatibility as well as superparamagnetism, the magnetite hydrogel is a promising materials for environmental and biomedical applications.
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