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Time To Death In A Prospective Cohort Of 252 Patients Treated For Fracture Of The Proximal Femur In A Major Hospital In Portugal

Sónia Campos, Sandra Maria Ferreira Alves, Marilia Sá Carvalho, Nuno Neves, Abel Trigo-Cabral, Maria Fátima Pina

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The objectives were to analyze one-year survival and mortality predictors in patients with fracture of the proximal femur (low/moderate trauma). A prospective cohort was formed by inviting all patients hospitalized in the Orthopedic Ward of the second largest hospital in Portugal (May 2008-April 2009). Survival was assessed at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after fracture and related to demographic factors, lifestyle, and clinical history, as well as to data from medical records (fracture type, surgery date, surgical treatment, and preoperative risk). Of the 340 patients hospitalized, 252 were included (78.9% women). Mortality at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months was 21.2%, 25%, 28.8%, and 34.6% for men and 7.8%, 13.5%, 19.2%, and 21.4% for women, respectively. Predictors of death were male gender (HR = 2.54; 95%CI: 1.40-4.58), ASA score III/IV vs. I/II (HR = 1.95; 95%CI: 1.10-3.47), age (HR = 1.06; 95%CI: 1.03-1.10), and delay in days to surgery (HR = 1.07; 95%CI: 1.03-1.12). Factors related to death were mainly related to patients’ characteristics at admission.