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Diagnostic Use Of Neuro-spect Quantified With 99mTc-ECD A Model Based On Normal Data

B. Marroni, Sabine Possa Marroni, C. M. Mayer, Betina R. Braga
Published 2013 · Medicine, Psychology

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OBJECTIVE The purpose of the present study was to prospectively quantify the normal limits of brain perfusion using specific software in a group of asymptomatic young volunteers submitted to single-photon emission tomography (SPECT) with 99mTc-ethyl cysteinate dimer (99mTc-ECD). METHODS We used 15 MBq/kg of intravenous 99mTc-ECD in 30 healthy volunteers submitted to brief neuropsychological tests and a clinical questionnaire. These data were normalized relative to the cerebellum (Group 1) and to the brain cortex (Group 2). Statistical analysis was performed with Student's t-test. The average radioactivity was 6.5 million counts/study. RESULTS The normalized (Group I) revealed an average value of 78.03%, with standard deviation (SD) of 4.07. Two volunteers in this group had slightly greater than two standard deviations from the mean. When we used (Group II), the average value was 71.01%, with a SD of 4.66. We observed a difference between groups of 9% (P<0.001). CONCLUSION The present study suggests normal cortical perfusional values for a group of young asymptomatic volunteers, utilizing 99mTc-ECD. This allows further quantification of neuro-SPECT data, specifically comparisons across patient populations. Furthermore, this method represents a new tool that can be used to further explore the field of neuroimaging, particularly neuropsychiatry.
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