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Folic Acid Phenotype (FAP) Is A Superior Biomarker Predicting Response To Pemetrexed-based Chemotherapy In Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

F. Mairinger, C. Vollbrecht, E. Flom, D. Christoph, K. Schmid, J. Kollmeier, H. Popper, T. Mairinger, Robert Fred Henry Walter
Published 2017 · Medicine

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Background Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare tumor linked to a dismal prognosis. Even the most effective chemotherapeutical regime of pemetrexed combined with cisplatin leads to a remission-rate of only about 40%. The reasons for the rather poor efficacy remain largely unknown. Results Phenotypes were significantly associated with progression (p=0.0279) and remission (p=0.0262). Cox-regression revealed significant associations between SLC19A1/TYMS-ratio (p=0.0076) as well as FPGS/TYMS-ratio (p=0.0026) and OS. For differentiation by risk-groups, COXPH identified a strong correlation (p=0.0008). Methods 56 MPM specimens from patients treated with pemetrexed were used for qPCR analysis. Phenotypes and risk groups were defined by their expression levels of members of the folic acid metabolism and correlated to survival and objective response. Conclusion Our results indicate that the balance between folic acid uptake, activation and metabolism plays a crucial role in response to pemetrexed-based chemotherapy and the prognosis of MPM patients. Implementing this marker profile in MPM stratification may help to individualize MPM-therapy more efficiently.
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