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Synthesis Of CVD Diamond Nanoparticles And  Cytotoxicity Evaluation In Murine Metastatic Melanoma Cells

Cristiane Costa Wachesk, Carolina Guimarães Hurtado, Rebeca Falcão, Dayane Batista Tada, Getulio Vasconcelos, Evaldo José Corat, Vladimir Jesus Trava Airoldi

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Abstract Diamond nanoparticles (DNPs) have showed in vitro and in vivo biomedical applicability due to their low toxicity and biocompatibility. Recent studies have focused on the potential use of (DNPs) as suitable vehicles for improving drug delivery in cancer treatment. The advantages of DNPs lies in their high stability and small size compared to other carbon-based nanomaterials. In this work, CVD-diamond nanoparticles (CVD-DNPs) were synthesized and evaluated regarding their application as a new drug delivery platform for metastatic melanoma therapy. A new synthesis technique developed DNPs from CVD diamond thin film. This type of diamond has the same physical and chemical properties as a natural diamond: extreme hardness, excellent thermal conductivity, low coefficient of friction, biocompatibility, chemically inert for temperatures below 800 0 C, among others. The main objective of this study was to produce CVD-DNPs by laser ablation and to evaluate their cytotoxicity. A pulsed, ytterbium-doped fiber (Yb) was used to form DNPs in the pure aqueous medium (Milli-Q). The final suspension was obtained at high concentration of the CVD-DNPs and it was used to evaluate the cytotxicity in murine metastatic melanoma B16-F10 cells by using colorimetric assays. The characterization by FT-IR, X-Ray, DLS, RAMAN, SEM, and TEM demonstrated the successful synthesis of CVD-DNPs with a hydrodynamic diameter of 57 and 54 nm. In vitr o studies performed for 24h and 48h resulted in viability of 70-80% of cells incubated with CVD-DNPs at 250 μg/mL, which demonstrated a insignificant cytotoxic effect. Thus, these results suggest a potential use of CVD-DNPs as a drug delivery platform for antitumoral therapy.