Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Switchgrass Biomass And Chemical Composition For Biofuel In Eastern Canada.

I. Madakadze, K. Stewart, P. R. Peterson, B. Coulman, D. Smith
Published 1999 · Biology

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is one of several warm-season grasses that have been identified as potential biomass crops in North America. A two-year field study was conducted, on a free-draining sandy clay loam (St. Bernard, Typic Hapludalf), to characterize the growth and evaluate changes in biomass accumulation and composition of switchgrass at Montreal, QC. Three cultivars, Cave-in-Rock, Pathfinder, and Sunburst, were grown in solid stands in a randomized complete block design. Canopy height, dry matter (DM) accumulation and chemical composition were monitored biweekly throughout the growing season. Average maximum canopy heights were 192.5 cm for Cave-in-Rock, 169.9 for Pathfinder, and 177.8 for Sunburst. The respective end-of-season DM yields were 12.2, 11.5, and 10.6 Mg/ha. Biomass production among cultivars appeared to be related to time of maturation. Nitrogen concentration of DM decreased curvilinearly from 25 g/kg at the beginning of the season to 5 g/kg DM at season's end. Both acid-detergent fiber (ADF) and neutral-detergent fiber (NDF) concentrations increased to a maximum early in the season, after which no changes were detected. The average maximum values of ADF and NDF were, respectively, 647.6 and 849.0 g/kg DM for Cave-in-Rock, 669.1 and 865.2 for Pathfinder, and 661.8 and 860.9 for Sunburst. Changesmore » in canopy height, DM accumulation, and chemical composition could all be described by predictive regression equations. These results indicate that switchgrass has potential as a biomass crop in a short-season environment.« less
This paper references



This paper is referenced by
A quantitative review comparing the yield of switchgrass in monocultures and mixtures in relation to climate and management factors
D. N. Wa (2010)
Pretreatment of Guayule Biomass Using Supercritical CO 2 -based Method for Use as Fermentation Feedstock
N. Srinivasan (2010)
IMPACT OF HARVESTING TIME ON ULTIMATE METHANE YIELD OF SWITCHGRASS GROWN IN EASTERN CANADA
Y. Gilbert (2010)
10.15666/aeer/1706_1575515773
DETERMINATION OF THE SILAGE QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF DIFFERENT SWITCHGRASS (PANICUM VIRGATUM L.) CULTIVARS
S. Elis (2019)
10.1080/15226514.2016.1156634
Accumulation and partitioning of biomass, nutrients, and trace elements in switchgrass for phytoremediation of municipal biosolids
N. Jeke (2016)
Growth and herbage yield of Setaria sphacelata grass in response to varying clipping stages.
M. Mushtaque (2010)
10.5897/AJAR11.1285
Effect of morphological stage and clipping intervals of Tall fescue ( Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) and Setaria (Setaria anceps Stapf.) on biochemical composition and in vitro dry matter digestibility in mid hill Himalayan region
K. Rajan (2013)
10.5713/AJAS.2006.381
Influence of Re-growth Interval on Chemical Composition, Herbage Yield, Digestibility and Digestion Kinetics of Setaria sphacelata and Cenchrus ciliaris in Buffaloes
M. Nisa (2006)
10.1038/s41598-020-69713-5
Plant endophytes promote growth and alleviate salt stress in Arabidopsis thaliana
Di Fan (2020)
10.1080/00103624.2011.546926
Nutrient Partitioning and Carbon and Nitrogen Mineralization of Switchgrass Plant Parts
H. Shahandeh (2011)
10.2134/AGRONJ2007.0183
Upland Switchgrass Yield, Nutritive Value, and Soil Carbon Changes Under Grazing and Clipping
M. Sanderson (2008)
10.3390/agronomy10081147
Response of Switchgrass Grown for Forage and Bioethanol to Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium on Semiarid Marginal Land
Chaochen Tang (2020)
10.1300/J144V09N01_06
From Chemical Ecology to Agronomy: Cropping Systems in the Humid Northeast
D. Smith (2003)
10.1023/B:MITI.0000038848.94134.BE
Miscanthus for Renewable Energy Generation: European Union Experience and Projections for Illinois
E. Heaton (2004)
10.2135/CROPSCI2005.04-0003
Biomass production of switchgrass in central South Dakota
D. Lee (2005)
Biomass-Bioenergy Crops in the United States: A Changing Paradigm
J. Johnson (2007)
Proficient physiognomies and herbage of blue panic grass (Panicum Antidotale ) at variable clipping intensities
M. Habib (2015)
10.3390/SU9030389
Phenotypic Responses of Twenty Diverse Proso Millet ( Panicum miliaceum L.) Accessions to Irrigation
C. Habiyaremye (2017)
10.15666/AEER/1605_57155743
AGRONOMIC ASPECTS OF SWITCHGRASS CULTIVATION AND USE FOR ENERGY PURPOSES
M. Brodowska (2018)
Sustainable cropping of reed canary grass for energy use
K. E. Epie (2015)
Improving Methods for the Successful Establishment of Switchgrass
Whitney Marie Monin (2014)
10.1016/J.FCR.2019.03.009
Switchgrass as forage and biofuel feedstock: Effect of nitrogen fertilization rate on the quality of biomass harvested in late summer and early fall
Asif Ameen (2019)
10.1080/07352680600961021
Potential Soil Carbon Sequestration and CO2 Offset by Dedicated Energy Crops in the USA
F. Sartori (2006)
10.1002/9781119436669.ch43
Biomass, Energy, and Industrial Uses of Forages
M. Sanderson (2020)
Nutrient, water, and soil type mangement of biofuel feedstock production by corn, sorghum, and switchgrass
R. Holou (2010)
10.1016/J.INDCROP.2016.07.009
Seasonal changes in chemical composition and leaf proportion of elephantgrass and energycane biomass
Chae-in Na (2016)
Soil Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics Across the Hillslope-Riparian Interface in Adjacent Watersheds with Contrasting Cellulosic Biofuel Systems
A. Neal (2014)
Will switchgrass as a bio-crop be adopted by the farmers?
M. Anand (2017)
10.1111/j.1757-1707.2009.01022.x
Seasonal nitrogen dynamics of Miscanthus×giganteus and Panicum virgatum
E. Heaton (2009)
10.3390/ijms9050768
Perennial Forages as Second Generation Bioenergy Crops
M. Sanderson (2008)
10.1111/gcbb.12086
Nitrogen and harvest date affect developmental morphology and biomass yield of warm‐season grasses
N. Waramit (2014)
10.4141/P03-157
Potential utilization of native prairie grasses from western Canada as ethanol feedstock
P. Jefferson (2004)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar