Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Soil Quality For Sustainable Land Management: Organic Matter And Aggregation Interactions That Maintain Soil Functions

M. R. Carter
Published 2002 · Biology

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
is seen as a basic premise of soil quality (Larson and Pierce, 1991, 1994). If a soil is not suitable for a specific Soil quality concepts are commonly used to evaluate sustainable use, then it is not appropriate to attempt to assign or land management in agroecosystems. The objectives of this review were to trace the importance of soil organic matter (SOM) in Canadian describe quality for that specific use or function. In many sustainable land management studies and illustrate the role of SOM cases, however, it is not possible to make a perfect match and aggregation in sustaining soil functions. Canadian studies on soil between the soil and its intended use. Under these cirquality were initiated in the early 1980s and showed that loss of SOM cumstances, quality must be built into the system using and soil aggregate stability were standard features of nonsustainable best management scenarios. land use. Subsequent studies have evaluated SOM quality using the Ecosystem concepts such as function, processes, attrifollowing logical sequence: soil purpose and function, processes, prop- butes, and indicators, have proved to be a useful frameerties and indicators, and methodology. Limiting steps in this soil work to describe soil quality (Larson and Pierce, 1991, quality framework are the questions of critical limits and standardiza1994; Doran and Parkin, 1994; Doran et al., 1996; Carter tion for soil properties. At present, critical limits for SOM are selected et al., 1997; Karlen et al., 1997). However, a precise using a commonly accepted reference value or based on empirically derived relations between SOM and a specific soil process or function definition of soil quality proves to be elusive. This is (e.g., soil fertility, productivity, or erodibility). Organic matter frac- probably related to the innate difficulty in defining soil tions (e.g., macro-organic matter, light fraction, microbial biomass, itself and to the multifaceted nature (i.e., scientific, perand mineralizable C) describe the quality of SOM. These fractions sonal, and social) of environmental concerns. Carter and have biological significance for several soil functions and processes MacEwan (1996) suggested that although soil quality and are sensitive indicators of changes in total SOM. Total SOM describes an objective state or condition of the soil, it influences soil compactibility, friability, and soil water-holding capac- also is subjective, i.e., evaluated partly on the basis of ity while aggregated SOM has major implications for the functioning personal and social determinations. The above frameof soil in regulating air and water infiltration, conserving nutrients, work of soil quality has utility when it is directed or and influencing soil permeability and erodibility. Overall, organic focused towards the manipulation, engineering, and/or matter inputs, the dynamics of the sand-sized macro-organic matter, and the soil aggregation process are important factors in maintaining management of the soil resource. Thus, soil quality is a and regulating organic matter functioning in soil. technology, an applied science, directed towards better soil management. The objective of this paper is to review the context
This paper references
10.1079/9780851994659.0009
Organic matter and sustainability.
M. R. Carter (2001)
10.1016/S0166-2481(97)80028-1
Chapter 1 Concepts of soil quality and their significance
M. Carter (1997)
The Soil as a Reactor
J. Richter (1987)
A model of the physical protectors of soil quality as influenced by management in sustainable tion of organic matter in soils
B. D. Hudson
Soil organic matter and soil quality
M. Schnitzer (1991)
Sensitivity of soiland sustainability
A. P. da Silva (1997)
Soil quality factors of problem soils in Alberta
H. H. Janzen (1992)
10.2136/SSSAJ1997.03615995006100010001X
Soil Quality: A Concept, Definition, and Framework for Evaluation (A Guest Editorial)
D. L. Karlen (1997)
Land management: The purpose for soil quality assessment
F. J. Pierce (1996)
Carbon in primary and secondary organomineral
B. Christensen (1996)
10.4141/CJSS80-045
LONG-RANGE EFFECTS OF INTENSIVE CULTIVATION AND MONOCULTURE ON THE QUALITY OF SOUTHERN ONTARIO SOILS
J. W. Ketcheson (1980)
10.1016/0167-1987(94)00427-G
Long-term tillage effects on soil quality
D. Karlen (1994)
10.4141/S98-033
SOIL ORGANIC MATTER QUALITY AND AGGREGATE STABILITY UNDER EIGHT POTATO CROPPING SEQUENCES IN A FINE SANDY LOAM OF PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND
D. Angers (1999)
10.4141/CJSS95-061
Soils, land use and sustainable agriculture: A review
F. P. Miller (1995)
The health of our soils
D. Acton (1995)
10.1016/0167-1987(90)90029-D
The role of organic matter in soil compactibility: a review of some practical aspects.
B. D. Soane (1990)
Structure and Organic Matter Storage in Agricultural Soils
M. R. Carter (1995)
10.2136/SSSAJ1997.03615995006100010020X
A model of the physical protection of organic matter in soils
J. Hassink (1997)
Formation of soil aggregates and accumulation of Saskatchewan , Canada
J. M. Tisdall (1996)
Soils , land use and sustainable content
M. K. Wali (1995)
10.1016/S0166-2481(97)80035-9
Chapter 8 Standardisation for soil quality attributes
S. Nortcliff (1997)
10.1016/0167-1987(94)90099-X
Effects of intensive potato production on soil quality and yield at a benchmark site in New Brunswick
Y. Cao (1994)
10.1016/0016-7061(94)90086-8
Landscape-scale changes in indicators of soil quality due to cultivation in Saskatchewan, Canada
D. Pennock (1994)
10.1016/S0166-2481(97)80042-6
Chapter 15 Establishing a benchmark system for monitoring soil quality in Canada
C. Wang (1997)
Soil quality in the Canadian context - 1988 discussion papers
S. P. Mathur (1991)
10.1016/0167-1987(89)90019-6
Effect of 6 years of zero tillage and N fertilizer management on changes in soil quality of an orthic Brown Chernozem in Southwestern Saskatchewan
C. A. Campbell (1989)
10.1016/S0167-1987(98)00114-7
Organic C and N storage, and organic C fractions, in adjacent cultivated and forested soils of eastern Canada
M. Carter (1998)
Concepts and criteria of soil quality in the context of western Canada
D. F. Acton (1991)
10.4141/CJSS82-066
CHANGES IN SOIL QUALITY UNDER ZERO TILLAGE FARMING SYSTEMS: DISTRIBUTION OF MICROBIAL BIOMASS AND MINERALIZABLE C AND N POTENTIALS
M. Carter (1982)
10.5962/BHL.TITLE.58906
The Health of Our Soils: Toward sustainable agriculture in Canada
D. Acton (1995)
10.1016/S0167-1987(97)00038-X
The role of soil organic matter in maintaining soil quality in continuous cropping systems
D. Reeves (1997)
Statistical approaches to the analysis of soil qualitySmyth , A . J . , and
J. Dumanski (1997)
10.4141/S99-012
Interpretation of microbial biomass measurements for soil quality assessment in humid temperate regions
M. Carter (1999)
10.1111/J.1365-2389.1978.TB02029.X
TOWARDS AN OBJECTIVE CLASSIFICATION OF SOIL STRUCTURE
A. J. Thomasson (1978)
10.1016/S0167-8809(96)01121-8
Estimating shoot to root ratios and annual carbon inputs in soils for cereal crops
M. Bolinder (1997)
10.1016/S0167-1987(98)00027-0
Long-term effects of tillage and fallow-frequency on soil quality attributes in a clay soil in semiarid southwestern saskatchewan
C. Campbell (1998)
10.2136/SSSAJ1990.03615995005400010047X
Estimating Forest Soil Quality from Terrain Measurements of Apparent Electrical Conductivity
R. Mcbride (1990)
10.1016/S0167-1987(98)00117-2
Carbon distribution and losses: erosion and deposition effects
E. Gregorich (1998)
Summary and Conclusions Summary and Conclusions
10.2136/SSSASPECPUB35.C1
Defining and Assessing Soil Quality
J. Doran (1994)
Storage of soil carbon in the light fraction and macroorganic matter
E. G. Gregorich (1996)
10.1016/S0166-2481(97)80045-1
Chapter 18 Soil organic matter and soil quality—Lessons learned from long-term experiments at Askov and Rothamsted
B. Christensen (1997)
The capacity of soils to preserve organic C and N Monreal , C . M . , H . Dinel , M . Schnitzer , D . S . Gamble , and V . O . Bieder - by their association with clay and silt particles
J. Hassink (1997)
Soil quality in the context of eastern Canada
D. R. Coote (1991)
Landscape - structure
E. De Jong (1994)
10.1046/J.1365-2389.1998.00129.X
Soil friability: theory, measurement and the effects of management and organic carbon content
C. W. Watts (1998)
Towards a minimum data set to assess soil organic sustainable agriculture in Canada . Cent . for Land and Biol . Re - matter quality in agricultural soils
M. R. Carter (1994)
Some comments on loss or accumulation of soil organic matter and their effects on soil quality
S. P. Mathur (1991)
10.1017/S0889189300004434
Soil biological criteria as indicators of soil quality: Soil microorganisms
S. Visser (1992)
10.4141/CJSS80-047
Long-term effects of intensive cultivation on soil quality in the potato-growing areas of New Brunswick (Canada) and Maine (U.S.A.).
G. R. Saini (1980)
10.1016/S0016-7061(96)00075-4
Clear-cut forest harvest impacts on soil quality indicators in the mixedwood forest of Saskatchewan, Canada
D. Pennock (1997)
10.1016/S0065-2113(08)60947-5
Environmental Indicators of Agroecosystems
O. Smith (1999)
10.1016/S0166-2481(97)80031-1
Chapter 4 Biological attributes of soil quality
E. Gregorich (1997)
10.1016/S0166-2481(97)80039-6
Chapter 12 Soil organic matter dynamics and their relationship to soil quality
H. Janzen (1997)
10.4141/CJSS94-051
Towards a minimum data set to assess soil organic matter quality in agricultural soils
E. Gregorich (1994)
10.4141/S95-064
Age, turnover and molecular diversity of soil organic matter in aggregates of a Gleysol
C. Monreal (1997)
10.1016/S0167-1987(98)00031-2
Converting from no-tillage to pre-seeding tillage: Influence on weeds, spring wheat grain yields and N, and soil quality
C. Campbell (1998)
10.2134/AGRONJ1996.00021962008800030023X
A proposed method for measuring the effect of soil quality on productivity
B. Olson (1996)
10.1201/9780203739273-13
Soil structure and organic carbon: a review.
B. C. Kay (1998)
Soil quality for crop production and land use on soil quality in Quebec
M. R. Carter
10.1017/S0889189300004410
Characterization of soil quality: Physical and chemical criteria
M. Arshad (1992)
10.4141/S97-099
The response of soil quality indicators to conservation management
M. Bolinder (1999)
The changing concept of soil quality
B. Warkentin (1995)
10.1201/9780203739273-15
Soil aggregate stabilization and carbon sequestration: Feedbacks through organomineral associations
J. Jastrow (1996)
10.1016/S0166-2481(97)80036-0
Chapter 9 Soil quality control
F. Pierce (1997)
10.1017/S0021859697005157
Effect of integrated management of couch grass ( Elytrigia repens ) on soil quality and crop nutrition
Y. Soon (1998)
10.1016/S0038-0717(97)00150-8
Soil quality attributes as influenced by annual legumes used as green manure
V. Biederbeck (1998)
A conceptual framework for soil quality assessment and monitoring
D. F. Acton (1993)
10.2136/SSSASPECPUB35.C3
The Dynamics of Soil Quality as a Measure of Sustainable Management
W. Larson (1994)
10.4141/CJSS80-046
LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF CULTIVATION AND LAND USE ON SOIL QUALITY IN QUEBEC
Y. Martel (1980)
Soil organic matter and available water capacity . the carbon cycle . Lewis Publ . , CRC Press , Roca Baton , FL . J . Soil Water Conserv
H.-R. Schulten (1994)
Soil quality control . p . 203 – 219 . quality and yield
D. C. Gilliland (1997)
Some examples of the effect of soilMeasuring sustainability of agricultural systems at the farm level . physical conditions on the tractive effort required during ploughing
M. R. Carter (1973)
10.2136/SSSAJ1994.03615995005800010027X
Quantification of the effect of soil organic matter content on soil productivity
A. Bauer (1994)
10.4141/CJSS95-075
Calculation of organic matter and nutrients stored in soils under contrasting management regimes
B. Ellert (1995)
A geographical framework for assessing soil quality.
K. Macdonald (1995)
Soil biological criteria as indicators production and ecosystem health . Elsevier , Amsterdam . of soil quality : Soil microorganisms
D. W. Reeves (1992)
10.1016/S0167-8809(01)00252-3
Identifying critical limits for soil quality indicators in agro-ecosystems
M. Arshad (2002)
10.2136/SSSAJ1997.03615995006100040022X
A landscape-scale study of soil quality in three prairie farming systems
M. M. Böhm (1997)
10.1111/J.1365-2389.1977.TB02291.X
INFLUENCE OF ORGANIC MATTER ON THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SOME EAST ANGLIAN SOILS OF HIGH SILT CONTENT
A. Hamblin (1977)
10.1201/9780367811693-3
Characterization of soil organic carbon relative to its stability and turnover
H. Collins (1997)
Aggregation and Organic Matter Storage in KaoHnitic and Smectitic Tropical Soils
A. Albrecht (1996)
Soil organic matter and available water capacity
Berman D. Hudson (1994)
10.1016/0016-7061(93)90145-B
Interrelationships between soil structure/texture, soil biota/soil organic matter and crop production
N. Juma (1993)
10.1111/J.1475-2743.1986.TB00690.X
Soil organic matter, effects on soils and crops
A. Johnston (1986)
Formation of soil aggregates and accumulation of soil organic matter
J. M. Tisdall (1996)
10.1016/S0016-7061(97)00039-6
Physical control of soil organic matter dynamics in the tropics
C. Feller (1997)
10.4141/S97-003
Tillage and fallow frequency effects on selected soil quality attributes in a coarse-textured Brown Chernozem
C. Campbell (1997)
10.1201/9780203739273-5
Soil Carbon Dynamics in Canadian Agroecosystems
H. Janzen (1998)
Establishing a bench - quality in continuous cropping systems
In E. G. Gregorich (1997)
Effect of soil erosion on soil quality and productivity
D. W. Anderson (1984)
10.4141/CJSS90-046
SOIL EROSION EFFECTS ON SOIL QUALITY AND YIELD
G. E. Verity (1990)
Models to evaluate soil organic matter storage and dynamics
W. Parton (1996)
Conservation and enhancement of soil quality
W. Larson (1991)
Storage of soil carbon in 1988 discussion papers
H. H. Janzen (1996)
10.1016/S0166-2481(97)80038-4
Chapter 11 Statistical approaches to the analysis of soil quality data
O. Wendroth (1997)
10.1016/s0166-2481(97)x8001-8
Soil quality for crop production and ecosystem health
E. Gregorich (1997)
10.1201/9780203739273-30
Impact of carbon sequestration on functional indicators of soil quality as influenced by management in sustainable agriculture.
C. Monreal (1998)
Soil organic matter in temperate framework for evaluation
M. J. Mausbach (1997)
10.1023/A:1004213929699
The capacity of soils to preserve organic C and N by their association with clay and silt particles
J. Hassink (2004)
10.1016/S0065-2113(08)60178-9
Soil health and sustainability
J. Doran (1996)
10.1038/1981329A0
What is Soil Structure?
WILLIAM E. Fox (1963)
Influence of organic matter ductivity
A. M. Gordon
10.1016/S0166-2481(97)80029-3
Chapter 2 Physical attributes of soil quality
G. Topp (1997)
Soil and molecular diversity of soil organic matter in aggregates of a organic matter dynamics and their relationship to soil quality . p . Gleysol
M. R. Carter (1997)
10.4141/CJSS96-046
WATER-STABLE AGGREGATION AND ORGANIC MATTER IN FOUR SOILS UNDER CONVENTIONAL AND ZERO TILLAGE
A. J. Franzluebbers (1996)
10.4141/CJSS95-059
A framework for evaluating sustainable land management
A. J. Smyth (1995)
10.4141/S96-094
Sensitivity of soil structure to changes in organic carbon content: Predictions using pedotransfer functions
B. C. Kay (1997)
10.4141/CJSS94-010
Improved soil quality and barley yields with fababeans, manure, forages and crop rotation on a Gray Luvisol
S. Wani (1994)
10.4141/CJSS90-042
RELATIVE MEASURES OF SOIL BULK DENSITY TO CHARACTERIZE COMPACTION IN TILLAGE STUDIES ON FINE SANDY LOAMS
M. Carter (1990)
10.1002/JSFA.2740240903
Some examples of the effect of soil physical conditions on the tractive effort required during ploughing
A. Low (1973)



This paper is referenced by
Physical and chemical characteristics of composted wastes can be altered to make them suitable for large scale habitat creation
M. A. Nason (2006)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.11.086
Methylmercury production in and export from agricultural wetlands in California, USA: the need to account for physical transport processes into and out of the root zone.
P. A. Bachand (2014)
Evaluación micromorfométrica de la porosidad de un argiudol típico con dos intensidades de uso bajo siembra directa
Felipe Behrends Kraemer (2018)
Use of Low Molecular Weight Organic Acids for Agricultural Improvement of Ecuadorian Volcanic Soils
Edwin Cáceres (2020)
10.1021/es101463y
From chemical risk assessment to environmental quality management: the challenge for soil protection.
J. Bone (2011)
Effect of potassium humate on soil properties and growth of wheat
Van Tonder (2008)
10.1111/J.1365-2389.2008.01115.X
Trends in soil organic matter contents in Dutch grasslands and maize fields on sandy soils
M. Hanegraaf (2009)
10.1016/J.SCIENTA.2009.05.016
Bell pepper yield and soil properties during conversion from conventional to organic production in Indian Himalayas.
K. Gopinath (2009)
10.2136/SSSAJ2014.01.0039
New approach to measure soil particulate organic matter in intact samples using x-ray computed microtomography
A. Kravchenko (2014)
10.3390/su12020443
From Laboratory to Proximal Sensing Spectroscopy for Soil Organic Carbon Estimation—A Review
Theodora Angelopoulou (2020)
10.2136/SSSAJ2013.09.0403
Retention of 15N‐Labeled Fertilizer in an Illinois Prairie Soil with Winter Rye
J. Blesh (2014)
10.3923/PJBS.2004.905.911
A Comparison of Some Physical and Chemical Soil Quality Indicators Influenced by Different Crop Species
C. Gulser (2004)
10.5194/SE-8-189-2017
Cooperative effects of field traffic and organic matter treatments on some compaction-related soil properties
M. Mujdeci (2016)
Banana Production and Productivity Enhancement through Spatial, Water and Nutrient Management
M. Mustaffa (2012)
10.1007/978-3-662-05240-2_14
A Review of Sustainable Landscape Management in the UK
M. McHugh (2003)
The Application of Land Evaluation Technique: in the north-east of Libya
B. Nwer (2011)
10.4236/OJSS.2015.56013
Biochemical Fractionation of Soil Organic Matter after Incorporation of Organic Residues
S. Parent (2015)
10.1016/J.LANDURBPLAN.2008.08.006
Comprehensive assessment of soil quality for landscape and urban management
R. Schindelbeck (2008)
10.1080/00103624.2011.614033
Effects of Organic Amendments on Productivity and Profitability of Bell Pepper–French Bean–Garden Pea System and on Soil Properties during Transition to Organic Production
K. A. Gopinath (2011)
Mediterranean conditions : Effects on soil compaction , crop performance and carbon 2 sequestration 3 4
P. Cid (2014)
Effects of tea-pruned mulches and microbial products on the accumulation of organic matter and micro biota in soils grown tea in Phu Ho, Phu Tho province, Vietnam.
Nguyễn Xuân Cự (2014)
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134694
Influence of crops on soil properties in agricultural lands of northern Iran.
Mahmood Shabanpour (2020)
10.1016/j.geoderma.2020.114368
Integrated farming systems influence soil organic matter dynamics in southeastern Brazil
Wanderlei Bieluczyk (2020)
10.1016/J.ECOLIND.2018.11.041
Effects of freshwater inputs on soil quality in the Yellow River Delta, China
Qingqing Zhao (2019)
Management effect on soil organic carbon pools in lowland rain-fed paddy growing soil.
A. J. Nath (2016)
INFLUENCE OF SOIL ORGANIC MATTER CONTENT ON SOIL PHYSICAL, CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES
Jalal Esmaeilzadeh (2014)
10.1080/00103624.2017.1395448
Short-Term Impacts of Pecan Waste By-Products on Soil Quality in Texturally Different Arid Soils
O. J. Idowu (2017)
10.2489/jswc.72.6.597
Can soil crusting be reduced through application of gypsum, organic waste, and phosphoric acid?
Abbas Almajmaie (2017)
10.1080/00103620500303939
Role of Cover Crops in Improving Soil and Row Crop Productivity
N. Fageria (2005)
10.1016/J.ECOLIND.2019.105598
Labile soil organic matter changes related to forest floor quality of tree species mixtures in Oriental beech forests
Y. Kooch (2019)
Soil Quality Indices in Pure and Mixed Forest Stands of Southern Caspian Region
Y. Kooch (2015)
Determination and Evaluation of Factors Associated with Sustainable Land Management (SLM) Practices by Farmers in Osun State, Nigeria
S. A. Adesoji (2017)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar