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Social Exchange In Organizations: Perceived Organizational Support, Leader-Member Exchange, And Employee Reciprocity

Randall P. Settoon, N. Bennett, R. Liden
Published 1996 · Psychology

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Whether Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) is a unidimensional or a multidimensional construct was assessed through the development and validation of a multidimensional measure. Item analysis involving 302 working students, followed by construct and criterion-related validation using 249 employees representing two organizations resulted in a multidimensional LMX scale. The results provided support for the affect, loyalty, and contribution dimensions identified by Dienesch and Liden (1986), as well as a fourth dimension, professional respect.
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