Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
Please confirm you are human
(Sign Up for free to never see this)
← Back to Search

Warm Up I

D. Bishop
Published 2003 · Environmental Science, Medicine

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Despite limited scientific evidence supporting their effectiveness, warm-up routines prior to exercise are a well-accepted practice. The majority of the effects of warm up have been attributed to temperature-related mechanisms (e.g. decreased stiffness, increased nerve-conduction rate, altered force-velocity relationship, increased anaerobic energy provision and increased thermoregulatory strain), although non-temperature-related mechanisms have also been proposed (e.g. effects of acidaemia, elevation of baseline oxygen consumption (V̇O2) and increased postactivation potentiation). It has also been hypothesised that warm up may have a number of psychological effects (e.g. increased preparedness). Warm-up techniques can be broadly classified into two major categories: passive warm up or active warm up. Passive warm up involves raising muscle or core temperature by some external means, while active warm up utilises exercise. Passive heating allows one to obtain the increase in muscle or core temperature achieved by active warm up without depleting energy substrates. Passive warm up, although not practical for most athletes, also allows one to test the hypothesis that many of the performance changes associated with active warm up can be largely attributed to temperature-related mechanisms.
This paper references
10.1007/BF00999931
Leg muscle metabolism during exercise in the heat and cold
W. Fink (2004)
Long - term metabolic and skeletal muscle logical importance
V Wright (1973)
10.1113/jphysiol.1972.sp009710
Effect of temperature on muscle energy metabolism and endurance during successive isometric contractions, sustained to fatigue, of the quadriceps muscle in man
R. Edwards (1972)
10.1016/0167-9457(88)90006-1
Medicine and Sport Science : B. van Gheluwe and J. Atha (eds.), Current research in sports biomechanics. (Series eds.: M. Hebbelinck and R.J. Shephard) Vol. 25. Basel: Karger, 1987.
G. J. V. I. Schenau (1988)
The relation between xenopus laevis
DG Allen (1984)
Neuromechanical basis of kinesiology
R. Enoka (1988)
Does Muscle Function and Metabolism Affect Exercise Performance in the Heat?
M. Febbraio (2000)
One mile run performance as a function of prior duration ( < 10 seconds ) dynamic force . However , exercise
WD Andzel (1982)
10.1016/0014-4886(80)90021-7
Influence of temperature on isometric tension development in mouse fast- and slow-twitch skeletal muscles
K. W. Ranatunga (1980)
Contractions of human first stages of strenuous work as a function of prior exercise . skeletal muscle at different temperatures
B Gutin (1987)
Elasticity , viscosity and training and tapering
F Buchthal (2001)
10.1152/AJPCELL.1984.247.3.C217
Photoaffinity labeling of organic anion transport system in proximal tubule.
J. Goldinger (1984)
10.1097/00000441-196107000-00060
Textbook of Medical Physiology
A. Guyton (1961)
10.1080/10671188.1964.10613277
EFFECT OF PASSIVE WARM-UP ON MUSCULAR STRENGTH AND ENDURANCE.
A. W. Sedgwick (1964)
Contractions of human first stages of strenuous work as a function of prior exercise . skeletal muscle at different temperatures
B Gutin (1987)
; 59 exercise on muscle metabolism during sprint exercise in ( 3 ) : 766 - 73 humans
LM Romer (1999)
Thixotropic changes in human muscle prolonged intermittent exercise in moderate ambient tempera - stiffness and the effects of fatigue
W Gregson (2002)
10.1152/JAPPL.2000.88.6.2131
Postactivation potentiation, fiber type, and twitch contraction time in human knee extensor muscles.
Taku Hamada (2000)
Acute adaptations
RM Enoka (1994)
Quantitative and qualitative analysis of performance
J Karvonen
10.1113/jphysiol.1943.sp004009
The effect of temperature on blood flow and deep temperature in the human forearm
H. Barcroft (1943)
10.1152/JAPPL.1996.80.1.99
Effects of prior exercise on pulmonary gas-exchange kinetics during high-intensity exercise in humans.
A. Gerbino (1996)
10.1113/jphysiol.1987.sp016707
Contractions of a human skeletal muscle at different temperatures.
K. W. Ranatunga (1987)
Effects of pH on the myofilaments and thecalf during rhythmic exercise
H Barcroft (2001)
10.1136/ard.20.1.36
Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis of Joint Stiffness in Normal Subjects and in Patients with Connective Tissue Diseases *†
V. Wright (1961)
10.1113/jphysiol.1949.sp004403
The blood flow through the human calf during rhythmic exercise
H. Barcroft (1949)
MVC - induced short - term poten - changes in the force - velocity relationship , following tiation of explosive force
A Gullich (1996)
10.1111/J.1748-1716.1976.TB10173.X
Mechano-elastic properties of human muscles at different temperatures.
E. Asmussen (1976)
10.1152/AJPREGU.1996.271.5.R1251
Influence of elevated muscle temperature on metabolism during intense, dynamic exercise.
M. Febbraio (1996)
10.1152/JAPPL.1973.34.5.615
Glycogen depletion pattern in human skeletal muscle fibers after heavy exercise.
P. Gollnick (1973)
The effect of temperature on the dissoci - creatine supplementation on high intensity , intermittent exer - ation curve of blood
H Theorell (1909)
10.2519/JOSPT.1998.27.2.154
The effect of warm-up intensity on range of motion and anaerobic performance.
I. Stewart (1998)
Stiffness: a review of its measurement and physiological importance.
V. Wright (1973)
The duration of sustained contractions of the human forearm at different muscle temper - Correspondence and offprints : David Bishop , School of atures
Clarke RSJ (1977)
Effect of muscle temperature on leg extension seconds to 5 minutes ) . Passive warm up does not force and short - term power output in humans
AJ Sargeant (1987)
A comparison of activeafter voluntary contraction
AA Vandervoort (1979)
Prolonged exercise and high and low ambient temperatures
ER Nadel (1987)
Investigation of physiological justification of socalled ‘warming up
I. Malareki (1954)
The effect of warm - up intensity on glycogen and physical performance
J Bergstrom (1967)
10.1097/00005053-192204000-00017
THE TEMPERATURE OF SKELETAL MUSCLES
G. Marinesco (1922)
Faster adjustment of O 2 79 ( 6 ) : 1971 - 6 delivery does not affect V̇O 2 on - kinetics in isolated in situ 44
S Fortney
Skeletal muscle : form and function . Champaign muscle
B Grassi (1998)
10.1159/000397192
Muscular Fatigue During Maximal Exercise of Short Duration
L. Hermansen (1981)
10.1113/jphysiol.1978.sp012231
Effects of pH on the myofilaments and the sarcoplasmic reticulum of skinned cells from cardiace and skeletal muscles.
A. Fabiato (1978)
Temperature and force - exhaustion during submaximal exercise . Can J Appl Physiol velocity relationship of human muscles
TM McLellan (1964)
10.1249/00005768-199402000-00023
Perspectives in Exercise Science and Sports Medicine
A. Young (1994)
10.1152/JAPPL.1983.55.1.191
Effect of temperature on the contractile properties and muscle power of triceps surae in humans.
C. Davies (1983)
10.1139/H95-003
Variability of time to exhaustion during submaximal exercise.
T. McLellan (1995)
Investigation of physiological justification of soRes Q Exerc Sport 1958 ; 29 : 19 - 31 called ‘ warming up ’
JE Grose (2002)
10.1111/J.1748-1716.1989.TB08701.X
Temporal relationship between blood flow changes and release of ions and metabolites from muscles upon single weak contractions.
B. Kiens (1989)
10.1152/JAPPL.1970.29.5.547
An analysis of O2 debt contracted in submaximal exercise.
P. D. di Prampero (1970)
10.1097/00005768-200206000-00022
The influence of pacing strategy on VO2 and supramaximal kayak performance.
D. Bishop (2002)
10.1055/S-2001-18520
Effects of oral creatine supplementation on high intensity, intermittent exercise performance in competitive squash players.
L. Romer (2001)
Temporal relationship delivery in determining V̇O 2 on - kinetics in canine muscle between blood flow changes and release of ions and metabo - contracting at peak V̇O 2
M Burnley (2000)
10.1177/036354658301100412
Effects of warming up, massage, and stretching on range of motion and muscle strength in the lower extremity
Margareta Wiktorsson-Moller (1983)
10.1152/JAPPL.1987.62.4.1615
Mechanism of thixotropic behavior at relaxed joints in the rat.
A. W. Wiegner (1987)
10.1080/10671188.1968.10613463
The effect of preliminary activity on maximal motor performance.
F. Pyke (1968)
Acute adaptations
RM Enoka (1994)
The influence of pacing 1971 ; 220 ( 4 ) : 1053 - 9 strategy on V̇O 2 and kayak ergometer performance
D Bishop (1978)
10.1111/J.1748-1716.1945.TB00287.X
Body Temperature and Capacity for Work
E. Asmussen (1945)
10.2165/00007256-200131150-00003
Long-Term Metabolic and Skeletal Muscle Adaptations to Short-Sprint Training
A. Ross (2001)
The effects of prewarming on the metabolic and thermoregulatory responses to prolonged intermittent exercise in moderate ambient temperatures
W Gregson (2002)
Influence of elevated depletion pattern in human skeletal muscle fibres after heavymuscle temperature on metabolism during intense , dynamic exercise
PD Gollnick (1973)
Postactivation potentiation , fibre type and twitch contraction time in human sis , 1965 knee extensor muscles
T Hamada (1989)
Mechano - elastic O 2 debt contracted in submaximal exercise
E diPrampero (1970)
10.1111/J.1748-1716.1967.TB03720.X
Diet, muscle glycogen and physical performance.
J. Bergström (1967)
10.1016/0301-0082(93)90032-N
Thixotropy in skeletal muscle and in muscle spindles: A review
U. Proske (1993)
Effect of increased muscle and recovery duration on oxygen uptake kinetics during heavytemperature on oxygen uptake kinetics during exercise . J Appl exercise in humans
D Bishop (2001)
10.1159/000421152
Importance of Warm-Up and Cool Down on Exercise Performance
J. Karvonen (1992)
10.1055/S-2001-11335
The effect of prior high-intensity cycling exercise on the VO2 kinetics during high-intensity cycling exercise is situated at the additional slow component.
K. Koppo (2001)
The influence of body temperature on performance in long - term performance ( > 5 minutes ) . swimming
L Muido (1946)
Acute enhancement of power dynamic short - term performance ( e . g . vertical performance from heavy load squats
WB Young (1998)
The effect of preliminary activity on maximal motor ture
FS Pyke (1959)
10.1152/JAPPL.1977.42.4.471
Temperature and force-velocity relationship of human muscles.
R. Binkhorst (1977)
10.1249/00005768-199502000-00016
Accumulated oxygen deficit during supramaximal all-out and constant intensity exercise.
P. B. Gastin (1995)
The relation between isometric and dynamic strength in man
E. Asmussen (1967)
10.1152/JAPPL.1969.26.5.611
Physiological responses during exercise and recovery in a football uniform.
D. Mathews (1969)
10.1152/JAPPL.1995.79.6.1971
Exercise duration and thermoregulatory responses after whole body precooling.
D. T. Lee (1995)
10.1007/BF00424812
Effect of muscle temperature on leg extension force and short-term power output in humans
A. Sargeant (2004)
Effects of prior perature effect on muscle metabolism
S Kozlowski (1985)
Influence of muscle temperature on maxi - intensity on the on - and off - transient kinetics of pulmonary mal muscle strength and power output in human skeletaloxygen uptake in humans
F Ozyener (2001)
10.1123/TSP.2.2.105
Mental Links to Excellence
Terry Orlick (1988)
10.1152/AJPCELL.1984.247.5.C462
Myosin light chain phosphorylation in fast and slow skeletal muscles in situ.
R. Moore (1984)
Thermoregulatory responses of paraple - cessive isometric contractions , sustained to fatigue , of thegic and able - bodied athletes at rest and during prolonged upper quadriceps muscle in man
Edwards RHT (1972)
10.1113/eph8602209
Determinants of Oxygen Uptake Kinetics in Older Humans Following Single‐Limb Endurance Exercise Training
C. Bell (2001)
10.1152/JAPPL.2000.89.4.1387
Effects of prior heavy exercise on phase II pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics during heavy exercise.
M. Burnley (2000)
A comparison of active and passive warm ups on energy system contribution and performance in moderate heat.
B. O'Brien (1997)
MVC - induced short - term poten - changes in the force - velocity relationship , following tiation of explosive force
A Gullich (1996)
Quantitative and qualitative analysis of performance
J Karvonen
Oxygen consumption in the first stages of strenuous work as a function of prior exercise.
B. Gutin (1976)
[Studies on physiological justification of application of so-called warming-up].
I. Malarecki (1954)
One mile run performance as a function of prior exercise.
Andzel Wd (1982)
The effect of temperature on blood peratures
DT Lee (1987)
10.1016/0034-5687(91)90064-P
Bohr shift by lactic acid and the supply of O2 to skeletal muscle.
D. Böning (1991)
Thermoregulatory responses of paraple - cessive isometric contractions , sustained to fatigue , of thegic and able - bodied athletes at rest and during prolonged upper quadriceps muscle in man
Edwards RHT (1972)
10.1080/10671188.1959.10613002
Effects of Various Warm-Up Procedures on 100-Yard Times of Competitive Swimmers
H. D. Vries (1959)
10.1152/JAPPL.1997.83.4.1333
Effect of increased muscle temperature on oxygen uptake kinetics during exercise.
S. Koga (1997)
10.1152/AJPLEGACY.1971.220.4.1053
Temperature, skeletal muscle mitochondrial functions, and oxygen debt.
G. Brooks (1971)
10.1152/JAPPL.1998.85.4.1394
Faster adjustment of O2 delivery does not affect V(O2) on-kinetics in isolated in situ canine muscle.
B. Grassi (1998)
The effect of temperature on myoglobin
H. Theorell (1934)
10.1152/JAPPL.1999.87.5.1914
Effects of prior exercise on muscle metabolism during sprint exercise in horses.
L. J. McCutcheon (1999)
The effect of temperature on blood peratures
DT Lee (1987)
The effect of warm - up intensity on glycogen and physical performance
J Bergstrom (1967)
The effect of preliminary activity on maximal motor ture
FS Pyke (1959)
10.1152/JAPPL.1998.85.4.1404
Peripheral O2 diffusion does not affect V(O2)on-kinetics in isolated insitu canine muscle.
B. Grassi (1998)
10.1097/00005768-200106000-00023
The effect of three different warm-up intensities on kayak ergometer performance.
D. Bishop (2001)
Peripheral O 2 diffusion does not affect V̇O 2 on-kinetics in isolated in situ canine muscle
B. Grassi (1998)
10.1016/0014-4886(83)90163-2
Twitch potentiation after voluntary contraction
A. Vandervoort (1983)
The effect of submaximal 36 . Febbraio MA . Temperature , muscle metabolism and perform - exercise on recovery hemodynamics and thermoregulation in ance
DL Lamb (1999)
10.1111/J.1748-1716.1946.TB00370.X
The Influence of Body Temperature on Performances in Swimming1
Leonid Muido (1946)
10.1007/s00421-002-0580-x
The effects of pre-warming on the metabolic and thermoregulatory responses to prolonged submaximal exercise in moderate ambient temperatures
W. Gregson (2002)
10.1080/10671188.1961.10762072
Effect of Warm-Up Exercise upon Muscular Performance Using Hypnosis to Control the Psychological Variable
B. Massey (1961)
Effects of ture on rate of oxygen uptake during exercise in humans at warming up , massage , and stretching on range of motion and different contraction frequencies
RA Ferguson (1956)
Effect of active and passive warm-up on maximal short-term power output of human muscle
P Dolan (1985)
10.1113/EXPPHYSIOL.1988.SP003169
THIXOTROPIC CHANGES IN HUMAN MUSCLE STIFFNESS AND THE EFFECTS OF FATIGUE
M. Lakie (1988)
Effect of hyperosmolality canine muscle
B Grassi (1998)
10.1097/00003677-200207000-00008
Postactivation Potentiation: Role in Human Performance
D. Sale (2002)
10.1113/jphysiol.1909.sp001345
The effect of temperature on the dissociation curve of blood
J. Barcroft (1909)
10.1080/10671188.1956.10612865
Effect of Preliminary Passive Warming on Swimming Performance
Forbes Carlile (1956)
10.1007/s004210050289
Thermoregulatory responses of paraplegic and able-bodied athletes at rest and during prolonged upper body exercise and passive recovery
M. Price (1997)
Temperature, muscle metabolism and performance
MA Febbraio (1999)
10.5040/9781492596912
Skeletal Muscle: Form and Function
B. MacIntosh (1996)
Thixotropy in skeletal term power output in man
AJ Sargeant (1985)
Postactivation potentiation : role in human perform - performance in moderate heat
DG Sale (1983)
Bohr shift by lacticexercise on the V̇O 2 kinetics during high - intensity cycling acid and the supply of O 2 to skeletal muscle . Respir Physiolexercise is situated at the additional slow component
M Burnley (1991)
Influence of temperature on isometric tensionand slow skeletal muscles in situ
RL Moore (2000)
Effect of increased muscle and recovery duration on oxygen uptake kinetics during heavytemperature on oxygen uptake kinetics during exercise . J Appl exercise in humans
D Bishop (2001)
10.1007/BF00421519
Effects of active, passive or no warm-up on the physiological response to heavy exercise
F. Ingjer (2004)
10.1111/j.1469-7793.2001.t01-1-00891.x
Influence of exercise intensity on the on‐ and off‐transient kinetics of pulmonary oxygen uptake in humans
F. Özyener (2001)
10.1152/AJPREGU.1984.247.2.R217
Thermal dependence of muscle function.
A. Bennett (1984)
10.1152/JAPPL.1984.57.6.1688
Effect of hyperosmolality on control of blood flow and sweating.
S. Fortney (1984)
Does muscle function and metabolism affect on the physiological response to heavy exercise . Eur J Applexercise performance in the heat ?
F Ingjer (2000)
Leg muscle metabolism deficit during supramaximal all - out and constant intensityduring exercise in the heat and cold
PB Gastin (1995)
10.1080/026404102317126164
A study of the physiological demands of soccer refereeing
M. Weston (2002)
10.1152/JAPPLPHYSIOL.00186.2001
Oxygen uptake kinetics for moderate exercise are speeded in older humans by prior heavy exercise.
B. W. Scheuermann (2002)
Exercise duration and thermoregulatory 1943 ; 102 : 5 - 12 responses after whole body precooling
B Grassi (1995)
The influence of temperature on thedynamic knee extension performance
ER Gossen (2002)
Effect of muscle temperature on rate of oxygen uptake during exercise in humans at different contraction frequencies.
R. A. Ferguson (2002)
10.1111/J.1748-1716.1979.TB06439.X
Influence of muscle temperature on maximal muscle strength and power output in human skeletal muscles.
U. Bergh (1979)
10.1007/s004210000304
Effect of postactivation potentiation on dynamic knee extension performance
E. Gossen (2000)
10.1080/10671188.1958.10612959
Depression of Muscle Fatigue Curves by Heat and Cold
J. E. Grose (1958)
10.1111/J.1748-1716.1944.TB03048.X
Elasticity, Viscosity and Plasticity in the Cross Striated Muscle Fibre.
F. Buchthal (1944)
; 59 exercise on muscle metabolism during sprint exercise in ( 3 ) : 766 - 73 humans
LM Romer (1999)
10.1113/jphysiol.1958.sp006071
The duration of sustained contractions of the human forearm at different muscle temperatures
R. S. Clarke (1958)
10.2165/00007256-198502040-00004
Warming-Up and Stretching for Improved Physical Performance and Prevention of Sports-Related Injuries
F. Shellock (1985)
10.1113/jphysiol.1989.sp017730
Intracellular calcium and tension during fatigue in isolated single muscle fibres from Xenopus laevis.
D. Allen (1989)
One mile run performance as a function of prior exercise.
W. D. Andzel (1982)
Oxygen uptake warm up intensities on sprint kayak performance in trainedkinetics for moderate exercise are speeded in older humans by athletes
C Bell (2001)
Effect of temperature on the contractile Western Australia , Crawley , WA 6009 , Australia . properties and muscle power of triceps surae in humans
Davies CTM (1958)
The influence of three different warm up intensities on sprint kayak performance in trained athletes
D Bishop (2001)
10.1519/1533-4287(1998)012<0082:AEOPPF>2.3.CO;2
Acute Enhancement of Power Performance From Heavy Load Squats
W. Young (1998)
The effects of pre - 100 - yard times of competitive swimmers
HA DeVries (1988)
10.1007/BF00582106
The influence of temperature on the isometric characteristics of fast and slow muscle in the cat
J. Petrofsky (2004)
10.1080/02701367.1999.10608056
The effect of submaximal exercise on recovery hemodynamics and thermoregulation in men and women.
M. Fisher (1999)
The influence of pacing 1971 ; 220 ( 4 ) : 1053 - 9 strategy on V̇O 2 and kayak ergometer performance
D Bishop (1978)
Mechanism of thixotropic behaviour at relaxed performance
F Carlile (1983)
10.1152/JAPPL.1985.59.3.766
Exercise hyperthermia as a factor limiting physical performance: temperature effect on muscle metabolism.
S. Kozłowski (1985)
Role of convective O(2) delivery in determining VO(2) on-kinetics in canine muscle contracting at peak VO(2).
B. Grassi (2000)
10.1113/eph8602122
Effects of Prior Exercise and Recovery Duration on Oxygen Uptake Kinetics During Heavy Exercise in Humans
M. Burnley (2001)
10.1123/TSP.1.1.4
The sport psychology consultant: Analysis of critical components as viewed by Canadian Olympic athletes.
Terry Orlick (1987)
The sport psychology consultant : ana - muscular strength and endurance
AW Sedgwick (1954)
10.1152/JAPPL.1968.25.6.679
Muscle temperature during submaximal exercise in man.
B. Saltin (1968)
Effect of muscle temperature on maximal shortterm power output in man
AJ Sargeant (1983)



This paper is referenced by
10.1016/j.jbmt.2013.03.007
Massage therapy for essential tremor: quieting the mind.
Nicole Riou (2013)
10.1111/j.1365-2923.2009.03438.x
The effect of differential rater function over time (DRIFT) on objective structured clinical examination ratings
K. McLaughlin (2009)
Acute effects of static stretching, dynamic exercises, and high volume upper extremity plyometric activity on tennis serve performance.
E. Gelen (2012)
10.5650/OLEOSCIENCE.3.643
Solution Properties and Colloidal Assemblies of Various Surfactants
M. Abe (2003)
10.1080/00140139.2015.1088074
Jerry can carriage is an effective predictor of stretcher carry performance
Benjamin S. Beck (2016)
10.7600/JPFSM.1.73
Exercise and thermoregulation
K. Nagashima (2012)
10.1016/j.jsams.2018.07.003
Active versus local vibration warm-up effects on knee extensors stiffness and neuromuscular performance of healthy young males.
R. Souron (2019)
Post-Activation Potentiation: Decay or Fatigue Delay
Ryan L. Meidinger (2017)
CALENTAMIENTO COMPETITIVO EN BALONCESTO: REVISIÓN
Daniel Berdejo-del-Fresno (2011)
O efeito do aquecimento na performance da corrida de sprint : uma breve revisão da literatura
São Martinho (2012)
10.1145/3384657.3384779
The Jungle Warm-Up Run: Augmenting Athletes with Coach-Guided Dynamic Game Elements
Frederik Wiehr (2020)
10.1590/S0103-51502011000200003
Efeito agudo de diferentes formas de aquecimento sobre a força muscular
Cecilia Voloschen de Albuquerque (2011)
Priming motor-visual skills for football: an assessment of the 4-ball method
Tag Lamche (2012)
Travail dirigé : Continuum de prévention des blessures sportives chez les jeunes athlètes, en collaboration avec les Jeux du Québec 2014
Martine Valet (2014)
10.2478/hukin-2013-0077
Mechanical Analysis of the Acute Effects of a Heavy Resistance Exercise Warm-Up on Agility Performance in Court-Sport Athletes
Christopher J. Sole (2013)
10.1249/01.MSS.0000162617.18250.77
Effects of prior warm-up regime on severe-intensity cycling performance.
M. Burnley (2005)
10.2478/v10078-011-0066-1
The Effect of Warm-up on Tethered Front Crawl Swimming Forces
H. Neiva (2011)
Effects of baseline levels of flexibility and vertical jump ability on performance following different volumes of static stretching and potentiating exercises in elite gymnasts.
Olyvia Donti (2014)
Efeitos de diferentes protocolos de treinamento no tempo para executar chute no taekwondo
Fabrício Boscolo del Vecchio (2013)
10.3993/JFBI09200802
The skin interface - meeting point of physiology and clothing science
G. Havenith (2008)
10.1078/0949-328X-00312
PRÄVENTION: Prävention im Fußballsport
J. Freiwald (2006)
10.17832/ISC.2009.19.1.2
Designing an Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Prevention Training Program
Susan M. Sigward (2009)
Efeitos de diferentes tempos de alongamento na flexibilidade de bailarinas Effects of different times of stretching on flexibility of ballet dancers
Milena Schiessl (2015)
Article Title: Does Warm-Up Have a Beneficial Effect on 100m Freestyle?
Henrique P Neiva (2013)
10.1016/j.jsams.2012.11.889
The influence of passive heat maintenance on lower body power output and repeated sprint performance in professional rugby league players.
L. Kilduff (2013)
10.1016/j.jsurg.2015.11.017
Effect of Preoperative Warm-up Exercise Before Laparoscopic Gynecological Surgery: A Randomized Trial.
S. Polterauer (2016)
10.1016/j.jsams.2015.04.012
Heated jackets and dryland-based activation exercises used as additional warm-ups during transition enhance sprint swimming performance.
C. McGowan (2016)
10.1016/0002-8223(93)92328-u
Medicine & Science in sports & Exercise
J. L. Walle (2010)
10.1016/j.jsams.2012.06.002
Influence of post-warm-up recovery time on swim performance in international swimmers.
D. West (2013)
10.1007/s00421-010-1386-x
The effect of different dynamic stretch velocities on jump performance
I. Fletcher (2010)
10.1249/01.MSS.0000162631.07404.7C
Effect of prior exercise above and below critical power on exercise to exhaustion.
H. Carter (2005)
10.1139/apnm-2019-0406
DOES POST-ACTIVATION POTENTIATION (PAP) INCREASE VOLUNTARY PERFORMANCE?
Haiko Bruno Zimmermann (2019)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar