Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

Role Of Mafic And Ultramafic Rocks In Drinking Water Quality And Its Potential Health Risk Assessment, Northern Pakistan.

Shaheen Begum, Mohammad Tahir Shah, Said Muhammad, Sardar Khan
Published 2015 · Medicine, Geology
Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
This study investigates the drinking water (groundwater and surface water) quality and potential risk assessment along mafic and ultramafic rocks in the Swat district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Provence, Pakistan. For this purpose, 82 groundwater and 33 surface water samples were collected and analyzed for physico-chemical parameters. Results showed that the majority of the physico-chemical parameters were found to be within the drinking water guidelines set by the World Health Organization. However, major cationic metals such as magnesium (Mg), and trace metals (TM) including iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), nickel (Ni), chromium (Cr) and cobalt (Co) showed exceeded concentrations in 13%, 4%, 2%, 20%, 20% and 55% of water samples, respectively. Health risk assessment revealed that the non-carcinogenic effects or hazard quotient values through the oral ingestion pathway of water consumption for the TM (viz., Fe, Cr and Mn) were found to be greater than 1, could result in chronic risk to the exposed population. Results of statistical analyses revealed that mafic and ultramafic rocks are the main sources of metal contamination in drinking water, especially Ni and Cr. Both Ni and Cr have toxic health effects and therefore this study suggests that contaminated sites should be avoided or treated for drinking and domestic purposes.
This paper references
10.1007/978-3-319-04411-8_5
Status of heavy metal residues in fish species of Pakistan.
Majid Hussain (2014)
10.1016/j.fct.2010.07.018
Arsenic health risk assessment in drinking water and source apportionment using multivariate statistical techniques in Kohistan region, northern Pakistan.
Said Muhammad (2010)
10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.12.131
Assessment of heavy metal pollution in water using multivariate statistical techniques in an industrial area: a case study from Patancheru, Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Aditi Krishna (2009)
10.1080/10807039.2014.950925
Arsenic and Heavy Metal Concentrations in Drinking Water in Pakistan and Risk Assessment: A Case Study
Sardar Khan (2015)
10.1023/A:1018442219943
Heavy metals in surface water and stream sediments in Jamaica
Claire Knight (1997)
10.1016/j.ecoenv.2013.09.030
Investigating the sources and potential health risks of environmental contaminants in the soils and drinking waters from the rural clusters in Thiva area (Greece).
Efstratios Kelepertzis (2014)
10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.07.067
Human health risk from heavy metal via food crops consumption with wastewater irrigation practices in Pakistan.
Muhammad Usman Khan (2013)
10.1016/S0043-1354(00)00533-9
Water quality of the odzi river in the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe.
Sreekanth B. Jonnalagadda (2001)
10.2166/wh.2014.054
Arsenic in private drinking water wells: an assessment of jurisdictional regulations and guidelines for risk remediation in North America.
Heather Chappells (2014)
10.2166/wh.2013.100
Groundwater arsenic in Chimaltenango, Guatemala.
Jason T. Lotter (2014)
10.1016/j.envres.2005.12.019
Calcium and magnesium in drinking water and risk of death from acute myocardial infarction in Taiwan.
C Y Yang (2006)
10.1002/CLEN.201200632
Potential Heavy Metals Accumulation of Indigenous Plant Species along the Mafic and Ultramafic Terrain in the Mohmand Agency, Pakistan
Mohammad Tahir Shah (2014)
10.1007/s00216-002-1559-5
Environmetric modeling and interpretation of river water monitoring data
Vasil D Simeonov (2002)
10.1007/S12665-009-0253-8
Pedo and biogeochemical studies of mafic and ultramfic rocks in the Mingora and Kabal areas, Swat, Pakistan
Mohammad Tahir Shah (2010)
10.1016/J.GEXPLO.2012.04.008
Health risk assessment via surface water and sub-surface water consumption in the mafic and ultramafic terrain, Mohmand agency, northern Pakistan
Mohammad Tahir Shah (2012)
10.1006/enrs.1998.3902
Neurotoxic effects of low level exposure to manganese in human populations.
Donna Mergler (1999)
10.1007/978-1-4757-9555-4_6
Balls, Chains, and Potassium Channels
Ramón Latorre (1997)
Investigating the levels of selected heavy metals in surface water of Shah Alam River (A tributary of River Kabul, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa)
Tariq Khan (2011)
10.1080/10934520600873571
Human Health Effects From Chronic Arsenic Poisoning–A Review
Simon Kapaj (2006)
10.1016/B978-012656975-9/50018-3
CHAPTER 16 – Voltage and Calcium-Activated K+ Channels of Coronary Smooth Muscle
Jure Marijic (2001)
10.5194/hess-11-863-2007
Uncertainties in selected river water quality data
Michael Rode (2007)
10.2166/wh.2015.011
Arsenic and heavy metals contamination, risk assessment and their source in drinking water of the Mardan District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Nida Gul (2015)
Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater seventh edition
Arnpld E. Greenberg (1992)
10.1016/J.JCLEPRO.2012.02.016
Drinking water quality and human health risk in Charsadda district, Pakistan
Sardar Khan (2013)
10.1002/CLEN.201200588
Potential Risk Assessment of Metal Consumption in Food Crops Irrigated with Wastewater
Muhammad Umar Khan (2014)
Kanchan Arsenic Filter in Nepal
Anjana Singh (2014)
10.1016/J.MICROC.2011.03.003
Health risk assessment of heavy metals and their source apportionment in drinking water of Kohistan region, northern Pakistan
Said Muhammad (2011)
10.1016/J.APGEOG.2010.08.008
Spatial and temporal dynamics of land use pattern in District Swat, Hindu Kush Himalayan region of Pakistan
Muhammad Qasim (2011)
10.1016/S0273-2300(02)00020-X
Trace element risk assessment: essentiality vs. toxicity.
Susan Goldhaber (2003)
 Colloid and clay minerals ; latest nutrition fad
P. Kidd
10.1016/S1001-0742(12)60275-7
Health risks associated with heavy metals in the drinking water of Swat, northern Pakistan.
Yonglong Lu (2013)
 Geology of the Indus suture zone in the Mingora - Shangla area of Swat , northern Pakistan
A. H. Kazmi
10.1002/CLEN.201000324
A study on the pollution and water quality modeling of the river Buyuk Menderes, Turkey.
Cengiz Koç (2010)
10.1144/GSL.SP.1993.074.01.08
Chemistry of chromite and associated phases from the Shangla ultramafic body in the Indus suture zone of Pakistan
Mohammad Arif (1993)
 Pedo and biogeochemical studies ofma fi c andultrama fi c rocks in theMingora andKabal areas , Swat , Pakistan
M. T. Shah
 A review of ma fi c - ultrama fi c plutonic complexes in the Indus suture zone of Pakistan
M. Q. Jan



This paper is referenced by
10.1007/s11356-018-1655-5
Potential harmful elements in coal dust and human health risk assessment near the mining areas in Cherat, Pakistan
Muhammad Ishtiaq (2018)
10.1080/15569543.2018.1478858
Ecological and health risk assessment of heavy metals in the Hattar industrial estate, Pakistan
Shah Jehan (2020)
10.1007/s10230-019-00613-5
Mercury Contamination in Water and Sediments and the Associated Health Risk: A Case Study of Artisanal Gold-mining
Arjumand Riaz (2019)
10.1080/10807039.2015.1083845
Arsenic and heavy metals health risk assessment through drinking water consumption in the Peshawar District, Pakistan
Sardar Khan (2016)
10.1007/s11356-018-2755-y
Associations of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) in drinking water and human biomarkers: a case study from five districts of Pakistan
Ubaid Ur Rehman (2018)
10.1016/J.MEASUREMENT.2019.02.090
Hydrochemical properties of drinking water and their sources apportionment of pollution in Bajaur agency, Pakistan
Shah Jehan (2019)
10.1016/J.MICROC.2019.04.053
Potentially harmful elements contamination in water and sediment: Evaluation for risk assessment and provenance in the northern Sulaiman fold belt, Baluchistan, Pakistan
Rahim Ullah (2019)
10.1016/j.microc.2019.104489
Spatial distribution of potentially toxic elements in urban soils of Abbottabad city, (N Pakistan): Evaluation for potential risk
Sarib Jadoon (2020)
10.1007/s10653-020-00531-4
Potentially toxic elements’ occurrence and risk assessment through water and soil of Chitral urban environment, Pakistan: a case study
Inayat Ur Rehman (2020)
10.1080/00032719.2018.1536136
Quality and Human Health Risk Assessment of Metals and Nitrogen Compounds in Drinking Water from an Urban Area Near a Former Non-Ferrous Ore Smelter
Maria-Alexandra Hoaghia (2019)
10.5004/dwt.2019.24925
Estimation of water quality, management and risk assessment in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgit Baltistan Pakistan
Muhammad tayyab Sohail (2019)
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar