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Synthesis And Biological Evaluation Of Novel Hybrid Molecules Containing Purine, Coumarin And Isoxazoline Or Isoxazole Moieties

Michael G. Kallitsakis, Angelo Carotti, Marco Catto, Aikaterini Peperidou, Dimitra J. Hadjipavlou-Litina, Konstantinos E. Litinas

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Introduction: The 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reactions of nitrile oxides formed in situ (in the presence of NCS and Et3N) from the oximes of (purin-9-yl)acetaldehyde or (coumarinyloxy)acetaldehyde with allyloxycoumarins or 9-allylpurines, respectively resulted in 3,5-disubstituted isoxazolines. The similar reactions of propargyloxycoumarins or 9-propargylpurines led to 3,5-disubstituted isoxazoles by treatment with PIDA and catalytic amount of TFA. Methods: The new compounds were tested in vitro as antioxidant agents and inhibitors of soybean lipoxygenase LO, AChE and MAO-B. Results: The majority of the compounds showed significant hydroxyl radical scavenging activity. Compounds 4k and 4n presented LO inhibitory activity. Conclusion: Compound 13e presents an antioxidant significant profile combining anti-LO, anti-AChE and anti-MAO-B activities.