Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

The Effect Of Disaster On The Health And Well-Being Of Older Women

M. E. Melick, J. N. Logue
Published 1985 · Psychology, Medicine

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Relatively little attention has been paid to the post-disaster health status and well-being of older persons. The data discussed in this article were gathered through use of a retrospective cohort survey five years following a major flood in the Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania. The subsample of women sixty-five years and older used in this analysis is composed of 122 female victims and forty-five controls from the same communities. The instruments used to measure mental status included Langner's 22-Item Scale, Zung's Self-rating Depression Scale, and a modified Self-Report Symptom Inventory (SCL-90). Additional items related to self-perceptions of health status, to influence of the flood on health and well-being, and to other issues. Significant differences occurred in self-perceptions, including state of mind after the flood (p < .001), distress during recovery (p < .001), quality of life after the flood (p < .001), and frequency of thinking about the flood matters (p < .025). Use of the instruments designed to assess mental status did not indicate greater levels of anxiety or depression in elderly victims as compared to non-victims.
This paper references
Depression in the aged: a study of the salient external factors.
S. Levin (1963)
10.2307/2948599
A twenty-two item screening score of psychiatric symptoms indicating impairment.
T. Langner (1962)
SCL-90: an outpatient psychiatric rating scale--preliminary report.
L. Derogatis (1973)
Sex Differences and the Epidemiology of Depression, Archives o f General Psychiatry
M W Weissman (1977)
10.1001/ARCHPSYC.1965.01720310065008
A SELF-RATING DEPRESSION SCALE.
W. Zung (1965)
Their Impact on Health
M J Abrahams
10.5694/j.1326-5377.1976.tb115530.x
THE BRISBANE FLOODS, JANUARY 1974: THEIR IMPACT ON HEALTH
M. Abrahams (1976)
10.1136/bmj.3.5720.454
Bristol Floods 1968. Controlled Survey of Effects on Health of Local Community Disaster
G. Bennet (1970)
10.2307/2136565
Life change and illness: illness behavior of males in the recovery period of a natural disaster.
M. E. Melick (1978)
Emotional and physical distress following Hurricane Agnes in Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania.
J. N. Logue (1979)
10.1093/GERONT/19.6.555
Assessing long-term impacts of a natural disaster: a focus on the elderly.
T. S. Kilijanek (1979)
Long-Term Effects of a Major Natural Disaster: The Hurricane Agnes Flood in the Wyoming Valley o f Pennsylvania
J N Logue
10.1016/S0033-3182(72)71431-0
How normal is depression?
W. Zung (1972)
10.1176/AJP.133.3.306
Disaster at Buffalo Creek. Children of disaster: clinical observations at Buffalo Creek.
C. Newman (1976)
10.3109/00048677809159590
Some Age-Related Effects of the 1974 Brisbane Floods*
J. Price (1978)
Social, Psychological, and Medical Aspects ofstress-Related Illness in the Recovery Period o f a Natural Disaster, doctoral dissertation
M E Melick (1976)
A Case-Control Study of Hypertensive Women in a Post-Disaster Community
J N Logue (1980)
The Older Woman: Continuities and Discontinuities, NIH Publication No. 79-1897, United States Government Printing Office
(1907)
A 22-Item Screening Score of Psychiatric Symptoms Indicating Impairment
T L Langner (1962)
10.1007/978-1-4684-7021-5_22
The Human Meaning of Total Disaster.
R. Lifton (1976)
10.1080/00332747.1976.11023872
The human meaning of total disaster. The Buffalo Creek experience.
R. Lifton (1976)
10.1192/BJP.130.6.548
Cyclone Tracy and Darwin evacuees: on the restoration of the species.
G. Parker (1977)
The Brisbane Floods, January 1974
M. J. Abrahams (1974)
10.1080/0097840X.1980.9934533
A case-control study of hypertensive women in a post-disaster community: Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania.
J. N. Logue (1980)
10.1093/GERONT/18.6.541
Coping behavior of elderly flood victims.
F. Huerta (1978)
Service Utilization and Adjustment Patterns of Elderly Tornado Victims in An American Disaster
B. D. Bell (1978)
Older Persons in Disaster, in Man and Society in Disaster
H J Friedsam (1962)
10.1001/ARCHPSYC.1977.01770130100011
Sex differences and the epidemiology of depression.
M. Weissman (1977)
10.1093/GERONT/15.4.357
The elderly in the aftermath of a disaster.
S. W. Poulshock (1975)



This paper is referenced by
''I May Look 75, but I'm Really a Pioneer'': Concept of Self and Resilience Among Israeli Elder Adults Living in a War Zone
Julia ChaitinRotem (2013)
10.2307/2137181
The impact of natural disaster on the health of older adults: a multiwave prospective study.
J. Phifer (1988)
10.1037//0882-7974.5.3.412
Psychological distress and somatic symptoms after natural disaster: differential vulnerability among older adults.
J. Phifer (1990)
10.1037//0882-7974.15.4.627
Age and emotional response to the Northridge earthquake: a longitudinal analysis.
B. Knight (2000)
Mainstreaming gender in disaster management support project
M. Schwoebel (2004)
10.1016/S1464-2867(99)00002-9
Sustainability and community resilience: the holy grail of hazards planning?
Graham A. Tobin (1999)
10.5937/vojdelo1902142c
Percepcija rizika od zemljotresa u Republici Srbiji - teorijskoempirijska studija
M Vladimir Cvetković (2019)
Long-Term Consequences of Political Detention and Torture in Aged Victims : a Clinical and Psychophysiological Assessment and Treatment Study on a Romanian Sample
D. Bichescu (2006)
Floods, health and climate change: a strategic review
R. Few (2004)
10.1177/0013916589211003
Life Change in the Disaster Recovery Period
G. L. Hutchins (1989)
10.1002/GPS.1095
Coping with post‐traumatic stress: young, middle‐aged and elderly comparisons
M. Chung (2004)
10.1093/GERONB/57.1.P87
Negative life events and depression in elderly persons: a meta-analysis.
V. Kraaij (2002)
10.1007/978-1-4899-0694-6_20
Psychosocial Response to Environment Change
R. B. Fields (1992)
10.1007/978-0-387-72007-4_18
PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder) in Later Life
L. Hyer (2008)
10.1177/0020872805051704
The role of social workers in disasters
U. Yanay (2005)
10.1002/GPS.1624
Posttraumatic stress disorder and general health problems following myocardial infarction (Post‐MI PTSD) among older patients: the role of personality
M. Chung (2006)
10.1037/0882-7974.8.4.606
Age differences in the psychological consequences of Hurricane Hugo.
M. Thompson (1993)
10.1016/S0277-9536(02)00054-0
Impacts of an environmental disaster on psychosocial health and well-being in Karakalpakstan.
E. Crighton (2003)
10.2190/RT3X-6MEJ-24AQ-03PT
Aged Citizens in the Warning Phase of Disasters: Re-Examining the Evidence
R. Perry (1997)
10.1093/EPIREV/MXI001
Medically unexplained physical symptoms in the aftermath of disasters.
B. van den Berg (2005)
10.1080/0164212X.2011.543454
First Year Post-Katrina: Changes in Occupational Performance and Emotional Responses
E. Taylor (2011)
10.1037/0033-2909.109.3.384
Psychological impairment in the wake of disaster: the disaster-psychopathology relationship.
A. V. Rubonis (1991)
10.1177/1534765609359729
History, Memory, and Disasters Among Older Adults: A Life Course Perspective
D. Shenk (2009)
10.1061/(ASCE)1527-6988(2001)2:2(80)
When Disasters and Age Collide: Reviewing Vulnerability of the Elderly
Ehren B. Ngo (2001)
10.1007/978-1-4419-0393-8_9
Natural Disasters and the Oldest-Old: A Psychological Perspective on Coping and Health in Late Life
K. Cherry (2009)
10.1007/S10902-012-9398-3
“I May Look 75, but I’m Really a Pioneer”: Concept of Self and Resilience Among Israeli Elder Adults Living in a War Zone
J. Chaitin (2013)
10.1177/0013916596283004
Predicting Levels of Postdisaster Stress in Adults Following the 1993 Floods in the Upper Midwest
G. Tobin (1996)
10.2298/IJGI1503323C
Relationship between demographic and environmental factors and knowledge of secondary school students on natural disasters
M. Cvetković (2015)
"We Had to Cope With What We Had": Agency Perspectives on Domestic Violence and Disasters in New Zealand.
R. Houghton (2010)
10.1080/01459740.2011.560777
Aging Disaster: Mortality, Vulnerability, and Long-Term Recovery among Katrina Survivors
V. Adams (2011)
10.1007/BF00930020
Prior experience as a moderator of disaster impact on anxiety symptoms in older adults
F. Norris (1988)
10.1007/978-1-4419-7374-0_25
Responses of the Long-Term Care System to Recent Natural Disasters
S. Laditka (2011)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar