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Microwave Assisted Synthesis And Evaluation Of Toxicity And Antioxidant Activity Of Pyrazoline Derivatives

Jasril Jasril, Hilwan Yuda Teruna, Aisyah Aisyah, Nurlaili Nurlaili, Rudi Hendra

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Four pyrazoline analogues, 3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-5-naphthalene-1-yl-1-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-pyrazole (3), 3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-5-naphthalene-1-yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole (4), 3-(2-methoxyphenyl)-5-naphthalene-1-yl-1-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-pyrazole (5) and 3-(2-methoxyphenyl)-5-naphthalene-1-yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole (6) were synthesized via intermolecular cyclization between substituted chalcones and hydrazine derivatives. The compounds were synthesized in two steps. In the first step, the chalcones were synthesized by Claisen-Schmidt reaction. In the second step, they were cyclized with some hydrazine derivatives to form pyrazolines by using glacial acetic acid as a catalyst and assisted by microwave irradiation. The toxicity analysis showed that compound 1 and 2 were toxic with LC50 values of 11.47 and 0.97 μg/mL, respectively. Furthermore, only compound 6 showed high antioxidant activity by using DPPH with an IC50 value of 4.47 μg/mL.