Management Of Osteoporosis In CKD
CKD mineral and bone disease is a common complication of kidney disease, and it affects the majority of patients with moderate to severe CKD. Recently, prospective studies have shown that measurement of bone mineral density by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry predicts incident fracture, providing nephrologists the ability to risk classify patients for skeletal fragility and targeted antifracture strategies for the first time. Furthermore, an expanding body of literature and anecdotal evidence suggest that pharmacologic agents used to treat osteoporosis in the general population can be safely used in patients with CKD. This review highlights the effects of the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes updates on the management of CKD-associated osteoporosis, discusses recent investigations on the effects of antiosteoporotic agents in patients with CKD, and provides an overview of novel antiosteoporosis agents and the potential challenges related to their use in CKD.