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Long-Term Evaluation Of Safety And Health-Related Quality Of Life In Women With Heavy Menstrual Bleeding Treated With Oral Tranexamic Acid

Ken Muse, Andrea S Lukes, Janet Gersten, Arthur Waldbaum, R Garn Mabey, Edward Trott

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Aims: A multicenter, long-term, open-label study was conducted to assess the safety and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of an oral tranexamic acid (TA) formulation in women with cyclic heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB). Materials & methods: Following a screening menstrual cycle, women with a history of cyclic HMB initiated 27 cycles of treatment with TA 1.3 g administered three-times daily for up to 5 days per menstrual cycle (maximum of 15 doses). Safety was assessed by treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE) monitoring, physical examinations, laboratory results, ophthalmologic examinations and electrocardiography. HRQoL was evaluated using both generic and HMB-specific instruments. Results: Most of the TEAEs were mild to moderate in severity and were largely considered unrelated to study treatment. The most commonly reported TEAEs among women in the intent-to-treat population (n = 723) were headache, menstrual discomfort and back pain. Improvements in generic and disease-specific HRQoL measures were evident during the first treatment cycle and were maintained throughout the 15 cycles of measurement for most domains. Conclusion: Long-term TA treatment was well tolerated and improved measures of HRQoL in women with cyclic HMB.