Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Climate Change 2001 : The Scientific Basis

J. Houghton, Y. Ding, D. Griggs, M. Noguer, P. Linden, X. Dai, K. Maskell, C. A. Johnson
Published 2002 · Environmental Science

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy Visualize in Litmaps
Reduce the time it takes to create your bibliography by a factor of 10 by using the world’s favourite reference manager
Time to take this seriously.
Get Citationsy
Summary for policymakers Technical summary 1. The climate system - an overview 2. Observed climate variability and change 3. The carbon cycle and atmospheric CO2 4. Atmospheric chemistry and greenhouse gases 5. Aerosols, their direct and indirect effects 6. Radiative forcing of climate change 7. Physical climate processes and feedbacks 8. Model evaluation 9. Projections of future climate change 10. Regional climate simulation - evaluation and projections 11. Changes in sea level 12. Detection of climate change and attribution of causes 13. Climate scenario development 14. Advancing our understanding Glossary Index Appendix.
This paper references
A Continuous Ice Nucleus Counter and its Application to Tracking in the Troposphere
G. Langer (1967)
Cloud drop growth by collection
E. X. Berry (1967)
1967: Ice nuclei from direct reaction of iodine vapor with
A. W. Hogan (1967)
Ice Nucleus Measurements at Three Sites in Western Washington.
P. V. Hobbs (1970)
Chemical composition of
K. Yamakoshi (1970)
Atmospheric chemistry
P. Goldsmith (1974)
Spyers-Duran, 1974: Ice nuclei measurements in an urban atmosphere
Braham (1974)
1974: A parametrization for the absorption of solar radiation in the Earth’s atmosphere
A. A. Lacis (1974)
Spyers-Duran, 1974: Ice nuclei measurements in an urban atmosphere
Braham (1974)
Identification of Nuclei and Concentrations of Chemical Species in Snow Crystals Sampled at the South Pole.
M. Kumai (1976)
Biogenic ice nuclei: Part I
R. C. Schnell (1976)
1976: Models of the atmospheric aerosols
E. P. Shettle (1976)
Influence of pollution on the short-wave albedo of clouds
S. Twomey (1977)
A wind tunnel simulation of the erosion of soil: Effect of soil texture, sandblasting, wind speed, and soil consolidation on dust production
D. Gillette (1978)
Quantitative measurement of airborne sea‐salt in the North Atlantic
R. Lovett (1978)
The physical characteristics of sulphur aerosols
K. T. Whitby (1978)
An introduction to atmospheric radiation
K. Liou (1980)
A method of detecting contact ice nuclei using filter samples
W. A. Cooper (1980)
1980: A numerical investigation
G. J. Tripoli (1980)
An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation
Liou (1980)
1980: A numerical investigation
G. J. Tripoli (1980)
Size distribution in urban aerosols
M. Lippman (1980)
Absorption of visible radiation in atmosphere containing mixtures of absorbing and nonabsorbing particles.
T. Ackerman (1981)
Scattering Coefficient and Participate Matter Concentration in Forest Fire Smoke
Charles D. Tangren (1982)
The Size and Scattering Coefficient of Urban Aerosol Particles at Washington, DC as a Function of Relative Humidity.
J. Fitzgerald (1982)
Sampling of carbonaceous particles in the atmosphere
B. R. Appel (1983)
Atmospheric equilibrium model of sulfate and nitrate aerosols
M. Bassett (1983)
The Production, Distribution, and Bacterial Enrichment of the Sea-Salt Aerosol
D. Blanchard (1983)
Contact Versus Immersion Freezing of Freely Suspended Droplets by Bacterial Ice Nuclei
Z. Levin (1983)
In-situ, rapid response measurement of H2SO4/(NH4)2SO4 aerosols in urban Houston: A comparison with rural Virginia
A. P. Waggoner (1983)
First results of the introduction of an advanced aerosol-radiation interaction in the ECMWF low resolution global model. In: Aerosols and their Climate Effects
D. Tanré (1984)
The Relative Importance of Aerosol Scattering and Absorption in Remote Sensing
R. Fraser (1985)
1985: Ice nuclei concentrations in Vallodolid, Spain and their relationship to meteorological parameters
P. J. Perez (1985)
Retrieval of thermal microphysical variables in observed convective storms, 1, Model development and preliminary testing
C. L. Ziegler (1985)
1985: Ice nucleus measurements: Effects of site location and weather
R. Al-Naime (1985)
Dependence of light scattering coefficient of aerosols on relative humidity in the atmosphere of Nagoya
T. Takeda (1986)
Impact of the North African drought and El Niño on mineral dust in the Barbados trade winds
J. Prospero (1986)
The role of air-sea exchange in geochemical cycling
P. Buat-Ménard (1986)
A model of marine
E. C. Monahan (1986)
Historic emissions of sulphur and nitrogen oxides in the United States from 1900 to 1980
G. Gschwandtner (1986)
Satellite sensing of aerosol absorption
Y. Kaufman (1987)
Annual contribution of sulfur dioxide to the atmosphere by volcanoes
R. E. Stoiber (1987)
Effect of Ship-Stack Effluents on Cloud Reflectivity
J. Coakley (1987)
On the global flux of atmospheric sea salt
D. Erickson (1988)
Homogeneous Nucleation Rate for Highly Supercooled Cirrus Cloud Droplets
K. Sassen (1988)
Global distribution of total cloud cover and cloud type amounts over the ocean
S. Warren (1988)
On the global flux of atmospheric sea salt
Erickson (1988)
Aerosols, Cloud Microphysics, and Fractional Cloudiness
B. Albrecht (1989)
Studies of ice nucleation by Arctic aerosol on AGASP-II
R. D. Borys (1989)
Condensation and Cloud Parameterization Studies with a Mesoscale Numerical Weather Prediction Model
H. Sundqvist (1989)
The role of cloud microphysical processes in climate: an assessment from a one-dimensional perspective
K. Liou (1989)
Mineral aerosol
J. M. Prospero (1989)
A scheme for predicting layer clouds and their water content in a general circulation model
R. Smith (1990)
Long-term trends in ice nucleus concentrations
E. Bigg (1990)
The vertical distribution
G. A. Isaac (1990)
Sensitivity of an atmospheric general circulation model to prescribed SST changes: feedback effects associated with the simulation of cloud optical properties
Hervé Le Trent (1991)
Marine aerosols: A review
J. W. Fitzgerald (1991)
Cloud condensation nuclei as a source of ice-forming nuclei in clouds
J. Rosiński (1991)
Tropospheric aerosol size distributions from 1982 to 1988 over eastern North America
W. Leaitch (1991)
Effects of Fire Behavior on Prescribed Fire Smoke Characteristics: A Case Study
J. Levine (1991)
A global three-dimensional model of the tropospheric sulfur cycle
J. Langner (1991)
Observations of Diurnal Variation in a Cloud-capped Marine Boundary Layer
P. Hignett (1991)
Nucleation of ice. In: Atmospheric Particles and Nuclei
G. Vali (1991)
Modelling of clouds
E. Roeckner (1991)
Atmospheric aerosols : Global climatology and
G. A. D’Almeida (1991)
Relationship between wind speed and gas exchange over the ocean
R. Wanninkhof (1992)
Sulphur cycling on the continents: wetlands, terrestrial ecosystems and associated water bodies.
R. Howarth (1992)
A global inventory of volatile organic compound emissions from anthropogenic sources
S. D. Piccot (1992)
Evidence for Liquid-Phase Cirrus Cloud Formation from Volcanic Aerosols: Climatic Implications
K. Sassen (1992)
Monitoring the Mt. Pinatubo aerosol layer with NOAA/11 AVHRR data
L. Stowe (1992)
Effects of Aerosol from Biomass Burning on the Global Radiation Budget
J. Penner (1992)
Removal of sulphur from the marine boundary layer by ozone oxidation in sea-salt aerosols
H. Sievering (1992)
The changing frequency of dust storms through time
A. Goudie (1992)
The potential effects of volcanic
E. J. Jensen (1992)
SAGE II measurements
M. P. McCormick (1992)
Sulphur emissions to the atmosphere from natural sources
T. S. Bates (1992)
Global inventory of sulphur emissions with 1x1 resolution
P. A. Spiro (1992)
Aerosol optical properties over southern Africa during SAFARI-92
P. Le Canut (1992)
Aerosol optical properties over southern Africa during SAFARI-92
P. Le Canut (1992)
Ice nucleation in warm-base convective clouds: An assessment of micro-physical mechanisms
K. V. Beard (1992)
Memory effect in the nucleation of ice on mercuric
G. Vali (1992)
Mixing characteristics and water content of submicron aerosols measured in Los Angeles and at the grand canyon
X. Zhang (1993)
Models of atmospheric aerosols
G. Krekov (1993)
Atmospheric light absorption : a review
H. Horvath (1993)
A parameterization of cloud droplet nucleation part I: single aerosol type
S. Ghan (1993)
Physicochemical properties of aerosols over the northeast Atlantic: Evidence for wind‐speed‐related submicron sea‐salt aerosol production
C. O’Dowd (1993)
Twenty Years Of Balloon-Borne Tropospheric Aerosol Measurements
D. Hofmann (1993)
Airship Measurements of Aerosol Size Distributions, Cloud Droplet Spectra, and Trace Gas Concentrations in the Marine Boundary Layer
G. M. Frick (1993)
A parameterization of cloud droplet nucleation
S. Ghan (1993)
A physical retrieval of cloud liquid water over the global oceans using special sensor microwave/imager (SSM/I) observations
T. J. Greenwald (1993)
The effect of atmospheric nitric acid vapor on cloud condensation nucleus activation
M. Kulmala (1993)
Large contribution of organic aerosols to cloud-condensation-nuclei concentrations
T. Novakov (1993)
Measurements of natural ice nuclei with a continuous flow diffusion chamber
D. Rogers (1993)
Investigation of optical and radiative
I. Sokolik (1993)
Tropospheric aerosols
R. Jaenicke (1993)
Carbon dioxide and climate: The impact of cloud parametrization
C. A. Senior (1993)
Aerosol size distributions
D. A. Hegg (1993)
Haze and sulphur emission trends
R. B. Husar (1993)
1996b: Physical and chemical observations in marine stratus during 1993 NARE: Factors controlling cloud droplet number concentrations
W. R. Leaitch (1993)
Optical and thermal measurements of black carbon aerosol content in different environments: Variation of the specific attenuation cross-section, sigma (s)
C. Liousse (1993)
Radiative climate forcing by the Mt
Doelling (1993)
Modeling of mineral dust in the atmosphere: Sources, transport, and optical thickness
I. Tegen (1994)
Effect of precipitation on the albedo susceptibility of clouds in the marine boundary layer
R. Pincus (1994)
Near-Global Survey of Effective Droplet Radii in Liquid Water Clouds Using ISCCP Data.
Q. Han (1994)
Response of the climate system to atmospheric aerosols and greenhouse gases
K. Taylor (1994)
Quantifying and minimizing uncertainty of climate forcing by anthropogenic aerosols
J. Penner (1994)
Retrieval of cloud liquid water using the special sensor microwave imager (SSM/I)
F. Weng (1994)
Initiation of ice: comparison of numerical model results with observations of ice development in a cumulus cloud
J. Stith (1994)
Absorption feedback in stratocumulus clouds Influence on cloud top albedo
R. Boers (1994)
A parameterization of warm cloud microphysical conversion processes
K. D. Beheng (1994)
Global Emissions and Models of Photochemically Active Compounds
J. E. Penner (1994)
Carbonaceous aerosols influencing atmospheric radiation: Black and organic carbon
Penner (1994)
The paleoclimatic record provided by eolian deposition in the deep sea: The geologic history of wind
D. Rea (1994)
The Measurement and Parameterization of Effective Radius of Droplets in Warm Stratocumulus Clouds
G. Martin (1994)
Photochemical Oxidant Processes in the Presence of Dust: An Evaluation of the Impact of Dust on Particulate Nitrate and Ozone Formation
Y. Zhang (1994)
Ice particle concentrations and precip
A. Rangno (1994)
Charlson and H. Rodhe, 1994a: Aerosols
P. R. Jones (1994)
Cloud condensation nucleus-sulphate mass
D. A. Hegg (1994)
Charlson and H. Rodhe, 1994a: Aerosols
P. R. Jones (1994)
NOAA Atlas NESDIS 4, World Ocean
S. Levitus (1994)
Slingo, 1994b: A climate model study
A. Jones (1994)
Sulphate over the North Atlantic and adjacent regions: Evaluation for October and November 1986 using a three-dimensional model driven by observation-derived meteorology
C. M. Benkovitz (1994)
Slingo, 1994b: A climate model study
A. Jones (1994)
Toon, 1994: Ice nucleation in the upper
E. J. Jensen (1994)
Long-range transport of continental aerosols over the Atlantic Ocean and their effects on cloud structures
T. Garrett (1995)
CN, CCN and particle size in Southern Ocean air at Cape Grim
J. Gras (1995)
Empirical model of global soil‐biogenic NOχ emissions
J. Yienger (1995)
Field observations in continental stratiform clouds: Partitioning of cloud particles between droplets and unactivated interstitial aerosols
N. Gillani (1995)
The size distribution of primary biological aerosol particles with radii > 0.2 μm in an urban/rural influenced region
S. Matthias-Maser (1995)
Climate change 1994 : radiative forcing of climate change and an evaluation of the IPCC IS92 emission scenarios
J. Houghton (1995)
Influence of seasonal variation in cloud condensation nuclei, drizzle, and solar radiation, on marine stratocumulus optical depth
R. Boers (1995)
Precipitation in Stratocumulus Clouds: Observational and Modeling Results.
Philip H. Austin (1995)
A global model of natural volatile organic compound emissions
A. Guenther (1995)
Chapter 10 – Climatic effects of changing atmospheric aerosol levels
M. Andreae (1995)
Strapp, 1996a: Relationships among CCN, aerosol size distribution and ion chemistry from airborne measurements over the Bay of Fundy in August-September
W. R. Leaitch (1995)
Relative humidity and
A J Heymsfield (1995)
Aerosol absorption measurements at Barrow
B. A. Bodhaine (1995)
The sulphate-CCN-cloud albedo
O. Boucher (1995)
Atmospheric effects of the Mt
M. P. McCormick (1995)
Distributions and fluxes of mineral aerosol
R. Duce (1995)
Upper-tropospheric aerosol sampled during FIRE
D. E. Hagen (1995)
Distributions and fluxes of mineral aerosol
R. Duce (1995)
Water vapor and temperature feedback in the formation of continental Arctic air: Its implications for climate, Sci
Blanchet J.-P (1995)
Contribution to the atmospheric mineral
I. Tegen (1995)
Shine, 1995: The effect of anthropogenic
J. M. Haywood (1995)
Effects of anthropogenic sulphate on cloud drop nucleation and optical properties
C. C. Chuang (1995)
Shine, 1995: The effect of anthropogenic
J. M. Haywood (1995)
Effects of absorbing aerosols on the global radiation
P. Chylek (1995)
Retrieval of aerosol optical thickness over land using the ATSR‐2 Dual‐Look Satellite Radiometer
R. J. Flowerdew (1996)
A 3D model study of the global sulphur cycle : Contributions of anthropogenic and biogenic sources
M. Pham (1996)
A Multiyear Global Surface Wind Velocity Dataset Using SSM/I Wind Observations
R. Atlas (1996)
A Semiempirical Cloudiness Parameterization for Use in Climate Models
K. Xu (1996)
Global gridded inventories of anthropogenic emissions of sulfur and nitrogen
C. Benkovitz (1996)
Information on aerosol size distribution contained in solar reflected spectral radiances
D. Tanré (1996)
A global black carbon aerosol model
W. F. Cooke (1996)
Climate Change 1992: The supplementary report to the IPCC scientific assessment
S. Hobbs (1996)
Liquid and Ice Cloud Microphysics in the CSU General Circulation Model
L. Fowler (1996)
Direct radiative forcing by anthropogenic airborne mineral aerosols
I. Sokolik (1996)
Chemical and size effects of hygroscopic aerosols on light scattering coefficients
I. Tang (1996)
The effect of hygroscopicity on cloud droplet formation
M. Kulmala (1996)
Aerosols from biomass burning over the tropical South Atlantic region: Distributions and impacts
B. Anderson (1996)
Volatility and size of cloud condensation nuclei
J. Hudson (1996)
The contribution of carbonaceous aerosols to climate change
J. Penner (1996)
Cloud condensation nucleus activity of the organic component of biomass smoke particles
T. Novakov (1996)
Physical properties of marine boundary layer aerosol particles of the mid-Pacific in relation to sources and meteorological transport
D. Covert (1996)
The influence on climate forcing of mineral aerosols from disturbed soils
I. Tegen (1996)
Gas/Particle Partitioning and Secondary Organic Aerosol Yields
J. Odum (1996)
A global three‐dimensional model study of carbonaceous aerosols
C. Liousse (1996)
Issues in aerosol
P. H. McMurry (1996)
Simulation of the tropospheric sulphur cycle in a global climate model
J. Feichter (1996)
Derivation of contributions of sulphate
Rogers (1996)
Sulphur dioxide emissions in Europe
S. Mylona (1996)
Low molecular weight
R. Sempéré (1996)
On the composition
J. Heintzenberg (1996)
The whitehouse effect - Shortwave radiative
S. E. Schwartz (1996)
Modelling of particle size distribution
I. Tegen (1996)
Water-soluble fractions of aerosol and the relation to size distributions based on aircraft measurements
Li (1996)
Water soluble organics
P. Saxena (1996)
Numerical Simulations and a Conceptual Model of the Stratocumulus to Trade Cumulus Transition
Matthew C. Wyant (1997)
Internal and external mixing in atmospheric aerosols by coagulation: Impact on the optical and hygroscopic properties of the sulphate-soot system
A. Fassi-Fihri (1997)
A two‐dimensional model of sulfur species and aerosols
D. Weisenstein (1997)
A modeling study of the effect of drizzle on cloud optical depth and susceptibility
G. Feingold (1997)
Aerosols and climate: Anthropogenic emissions and trends for 50 years
M. E. Wolf (1997)
A modified linear‐mixing method for calculating atmospheric path radiances of aerosol mixtures
W. Abdou (1997)
Retrieval of atmospheric properties and surface bidirectional reflectances over land from POLDER/ADEOS
M. Leroy (1997)
Radiative forcing
P. Forster (1997)
What Controls Stratocumulus Radiative Properties? Lagrangian Observations of Cloud Evolution
R. Pincus (1997)
Global retrieval of bidirectional reflectance and albedo over land
C. Schaaf (1997)
Biogenic and anthropogenic sources of ice-forming nuclei : A review
W. Szyrmer (1997)
Airborne measurements of carbonaceous aerosols on the East Coast of the United States
T. Novakov (1997)
Marine aerosol, sea-salt, and the marine sulphur cycle: a short review
C. O'Dowd (1997)
An assessment of the radiative effects of anthropogenic sulfate
C. Chuang (1997)
Radiative forcing and climate response
J. Hansen (1997)
Development, validation, and potential enhancements to the second‐generation operational aerosol product at the National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
L. Stowe (1997)
A study of the ability of pure secondary organic aerosol to act as cloud condensation nuclei
C. N. Cruz (1997)
Terrestrial sources and distribution of atmospheric sulphur
J. Lelieveld (1997)
Atmospheric aerosols: Biogeochemical sources and role in atmospheric chemistry
M. Andreae (1997)
Evaluation of modeled sulfate and SO2 over North America and Europe for four seasonal months in 1986–1987
C. Benkovitz (1997)
Impact of sulfate aerosols on albedo and lifetime of clouds: A sensitivity study with the ECHAM4 GCM
U. Lohmann (1997)
Droplet Spectral Broadening in Marine Stratus
J. Hudson (1997)
Formation of Organic Aerosols from the Oxidation of Biogenic Hydrocarbons
T. Hoffmann (1997)
The potential impact of soot particles from aircraft exhaust on cirrus clouds
E. Jensen (1997)
The atmospheric sulfur cycle in ECHAM-4 and its impact on the shortwave radiation
J. Feichter (1997)
Modeling the atmospheric dust cycle
B. Marticorena (1997)
1997b: Modeling sea-salt aerosols in the atmosphere, Part 2: Atmospheric concentrations and fluxes
S. L. Gong (1997)
A global high-resolution emission
Hoek (1997)
Easter, and H.Abdul-Razzak
S. Ghan (1997)
Effect of black carbon
I. Schult (1997)
Recent progress in understanding particle nucleation and growth, Phil
F. L. Eisele (1997)
1997a: Modeling sea-salt aerosols in the atmosphere. Part 1: Model development
S. L. Gong (1997)
The number of sea-salt
L. McInnes (1997)
Uncertainty analysis of direct radiative forcing by anthropogenic sulphate aerosols
W. Pan (1997)
AVHRR remote sensing of aerosol
T. Nakajima (1997)
Volcanic sulphur emissions: Estimates of source strength and its contribution to the global sulphate distribution
Graf (1997)
In situ measurements of enhanced crystal number densities in cirrus clouds caused by aircraft exhaust
J. Ström (1998)
Large-Eddy Simulations of Strongly Precipitating, Shallow, Stratocumulus-Topped Boundary Layers
B. Stevens (1998)
S. L. Gong (1998)
Wet and dry sizes of atmospheric aerosol particles: An AFM‐TEM Study
M. Pósfai (1998)
Modification of the Köhler Equation to Include Soluble Trace Gases and Slightly Soluble Substances
A. Laaksonen (1998)
The effect of organic coatings on the cloud condensation nuclei activation of inorganic atmospheric aerosol
C. N. Cruz (1998)
Competition between Sea Salt and Sulfate Particles as Cloud Condensation Nuclei
S. Ghan (1998)
Single particle analyses of ice nucleating aerosols in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere
Yalei Chen (1998)
Phase transformations of the ternary system (NH4)2SO4-H2SO4-H2O and the implications for cirrus cloud formation
S. Martin (1998)
Measurements of ship‐induced tracks in clouds off the Washington coast
R. Ferek (1998)
Influence of sea-salt on aerosol radiative properties in the Southern Ocean marine boundary layer
D. Murphy (1998)
Raman lidar measurements of aerosol extinction and backscattering. 1. Methods and comparisons
R. Ferrare (1998)
Isolating and identifying atmospheric ice-nucleating aerosols : a new technique
S. Kreidenweis (1998)
Sulfate and nitrate firn concentrations on the Greenland ice sheet: 2. Temporal anthropogenic deposition changes
H. Fischer (1998)
Direct observation of heterogeneous chemistry in the atmosphere
Gard. (1998)
Elemental composition and morphology of ice-crystal residual particles in cirrus clouds and contrails
A. Petzold (1998)
Variations in the size distribution of non‐sea‐salt sulfate aerosol in the marine boundary layer at Barbados: Impact of African dust
X. Li-Jones (1998)
Stratospheric aerosol measurements by the Lidar in Space Technology Experiment
M. Osborn (1998)
Processes controlling the distribution of aerosol particles in the lower marine boundary layer during the First Aerosol Characterization Experiment (ACE 1)
T. Bates (1998)
A study of regional aerosol radiative properties and effects on ultraviolet‐B radiation
B. Wenny (1998)
A time‐averaged inventory of subaerial volcanic sulfur emissions
R. Andres (1998)
Intercomparison and evaluation of atmospheric transport in a Lagrangian model (STOCHEM), and an Eulerian model (UM), using 222Rn as a short‐lived tracer
D. Stevenson (1998)
Humidification factors of aerosols from biomass burning in Brazil
Robert A. Kotchenruther (1998)
Comparisons of cloud microphysics with cloud condensation nuclei spectra over the summertime Southern Ocean
S. S. Yum (1998)
Global variation of column droplet concentration in low-level clouds
Q. Han (1998)
Small ice crystals in cirrus clouds : A model study and comparison with in situ observations
Hong Lin (1998)
Stratocumulus processing of gases and cloud condensation nuclei: 1. Trajectory ensemble model
G. Feingold (1998)
AERONET−A federated instru
Vermote (1998)
Role of sulphates in regional cloudclimate interactions
S. Menon (1998)
Ammonium sulphate: Equilibrium and metastability phase diagrams from 40 to 50 degrees C
J. Xu (1998)
Local closure during the First
P. K. Quinn (1998)
Yamasoe and R. van Grieken, 1998b: Aerosol properties in the central Amazon Basin during the wet season during the LBA/CLAIRE experiment
P. Artaxo (1998)
Aerosol light scattering
C. M. Carrico (1998)
Baughcum, 1998a: An evaluation of upper tropospheric NOx with two models
J. E. Penner (1998)
Thomson and T.M.J
D. M. Murphy (1998)
A comparison of the CCM3
P. J. Rasch (1998)
Global sensitivity studies
J. Haywood (1998)
MOZART, a global chemical transport
C. Granier (1998)
1998b: Climate forcing by carbonaceous and sulphate aerosols
J. E. Penner (1998)
Radiative characteristics
J. I. Ross (1998)
Determining marine aerosol
S. G. Howell (1998)
A parametrization of aerosol activation
H. Abdul-Razzak (1998)
A general circulation model study
I. Tegen (1998)
Microphysical properties of boundary
R. Boers (1998)
Retrieval of aerosol
J. P. Veefkind (1998)
1998b: Global survey
Q. Han (1998)
A comparison of the CCM3
P. J. Rasch (1998)
Microphysical and radiative
R. Boers (1998)
Physical and optical properties
J. S. Reid (1998)
Single-scattering albedo of smoke
Tanré (1998)
Effects of black carbon
J. V. Martins (1998)
Inorganic, organic and macromolecular components of fine aerosol in different areas of Europe in relation to their water solubility
S. Zappoli (1999)
Scale Effects on Averaging of Cloud Droplet and Aerosol Number Concentrations: Observations and Models
I. Gultepe (1999)
A closure study of sub-micrometer aerosol particle hygroscopic behaviour
E. Swietlicki (1999)
Sources of aerosol sulphate at Alert: Apportionment using stable isotopes
A. Norman (1999)
Stratocumulus processing of gases and cloud condensation nuclei : 2. Chemistry sensitivity analysis
Y. Zhang (1999)
Effects of mixing on extinction by carbonaceous particles
K. Fuller (1999)
Isoprene emission estimates and uncertainties for the central African EXPRESSO study domain
A. Guenther (1999)
Cloud condensation nucleus activity of organic compounds : a laboratory study
C. Corrigan (1999)
Construction of a 1° × 1° fossil fuel emission data set for carbonaceous aerosol and implementation and radiative impact in the ECHAM4 model
W. F. Cooke (1999)
Historical record of carbonaceous particle concentrations from a European high-alpine glacier (Colle Gnifetti, Switzerland)
V. Lavanchy (1999)
The Role of Mineral Aerosol in Tropospheric Chemistry in East Asia—A Model Study
Y. Zhang (1999)
A global database of sea surface dimethylsulfide (DMS) measurements and a procedure to predict sea surface DMS as a function of latitude, longitude, and month
A. Kettle (1999)
TRMM observed first direct evidence of smoke from forest fires inhibiting rainfall
D. Rosenfeld (1999)
Early phase analysis of OCTS radiance data for aerosol remote sensing
T. Nakajima (1999)
Modeling the mineralogy of atmospheric dust sources
T. Claquin (1999)
A case study of gas-to-particle conversion in an eastern Canadian forest
W. Leaitch (1999)
Diffusion and Modification of Marine Aerosol Particles over the Coastal Areas in China: A Case Study Using a Single Particle Analysis.
F. Li (1999)
Global concentrations of tropospheric sulfate, nitrate, and ammonium aerosol simulated in a general circulation model
P. Adams (1999)
Retrieval of aerosol optical thickness and size distribution over ocean from the MODIS airborne simulator during TARFOX
D. Tanré (1999)
Humidification factors for atmospheric aerosols off the mid‐Atlantic coast of the United States
Robert A. Kotchenruther (1999)
Uncertainties in assessing radiative forcing by mineral dust
T. Claquin (1999)
Non‐sea‐salt sulfate, methanesulfonate, and nitrate aerosol concentrations and size distributions at Cape Grim, Tasmania
M. Andreae (1999)
Aviation-Produced Aerosols and Cloudiness
D. Fahey (1999)
Organic aerosol formation from the oxidation of biogenic hydrocarbons
R. Griffin (1999)
Indirect forcing by anthropogenic aerosols: A global climate model calculation of the effective‐radius and cloud‐lifetime effects
L. Rotstayn (1999)
1999b: The stratocumulus boundary layer as viewed by K-band radar, microwave radiometer and lidar
G. Feingold (1999)
1999a: Climate change and radiative forcing by anthropogenic aerosols: A review of research during the last five years
J. E. Penner (1999)
The relative importance of Nss-sulphate and sea-salt aerosol to the marine CCN population: an improved multi-component aerosol-cloud droplet parametrization
C. D. O’Dowd (1999)
1999b: Prediction of the number of cloud droplets in the ECHAM GCM
U. Lohmann (1999)
Controlled studies and field
Hegg (1999)
New particle formation in the remote troposphere: A comparison of observations at various sites, Geophys
R. J. Weber (1999)
1999a: Impact of giant cloud condensation nuclei on drizzle formation in marine stratocumulus: Implications for cloud radiative properties
G. Feingold (1999)
Long-term measurements of the transport
J. M. Prospero (1999)
Satellite-observed patterns in the relationship of aerosol optical thickness to stratus cloud microphysics and shortwave radiative forcing
M. Wetzel (1999)
Valication of the first algorithm applied for deriving the
P. Goloub (1999)
Development of a two channel
A. Higurashi (1999)
Controlled studies and field
Hegg (1999)
MacFarland (Eds.), 1999b: Aviation and the Global Atmosphere
J. E. Penner (1999)
Dabdub 1999b: Estimate of global atmospheric organic aerosols from oxidation of biogenic hydrocarbons
R. J. Griffin (1999)
Tropospheric aerosol
J. Haywood (1999)
Feichter, 1999a: The tropospheric sulphur cycle in the Canadian general circulation model
U. Lohmann (1999)
Fate of products
J. Slanina (1999)
Role of organic acids formic, acetic, pyruvic and / oxalic in the formation of cloud condensation / nuclei CCN : a review
Shaocai Yu (2000)
Reflectivity variations off the Peru Coast: Evidence for indirect effect of anthropogenic sulfate aerosols on clouds
Z. Kuang (2000)
Effects of Aerosols on Cloud Albedo: Evaluation of Twomey's Parameterization of Cloud Susceptibility Using Measurements of Ship Tracks.
A. Ackerman (2000)
Soluble ion chemistry of the atmospheric aerosol and SO2 concentrations over the eastern North Atlantic during ACE-2
M. O. Andreae (2000)
The simulation of SST, sea ice extents and ocean heat transports in a version of the Hadley Centre coupled model without flux adjustments
C. Gordon (2000)
Suppression of rain and snow by urban and industrial air pollution
Rosenfeld (2000)
Indirect effect of sulfate and carbonaceous aerosols: A mechanistic treatment
U. Lohmann (2000)
Influence of humidity on the aerosol scattering coefficient and its effect on the upwelling radiance during ACE-2
S. Gassó (2000)
In situ aerosol-size distributions and clear-column radiative closure during ACE-2
D. Collins (2000)
Size-segregated chemical, gravimetric and number distribution-derived mass closure of the aerosol in Sagres, Portugal during ACE-2
C. Neusuess (2000)
A physically‐based treatment of elemental carbon optics: Implications for global direct forcing of aerosols
M. Jacobson (2000)
Comparison of Aerosol Optical Properties and Water Vapor Among Ground and Airborne Lidars and Sun Photometers During TARFOX
R. Ferrare (2000)
Aerosol modulation of atmospheric and surface solar heating over the tropical Indian Ocean
I. A. Podgorny (2000)
Modeling of global
Harrington (2000)
A parametrization of aerosol activation
H. Abdul-Razzak (2000)
A physically-based algorithm for estimating the relationship between aerosol mass to cloud droplet
P. Glantz (2000)
Clear-sky closure studies
Formenti (2000)
Benkowitz, and S.E
M. C. Barth (2000)
Benkowitz, and S.E
M. C. Barth (2000)
Relative to 2000, the change in the direct plus indirect aerosol radiative forcing is projected to be smaller in magnitude
future forcings (2000)
Flux of dimethylsulfide
A. J. Kettle (2000)
Biogenic and pyrogenic emissions
M. Scholes (2000)
Evaluation of aerosol direct radiative forcing in MIRAGE
S. Ghan (2001)
A possible correlation between satellite‐derived cloud and aerosol microphysical parameters
T. Nakajima (2001)
[Long-term monitoring].
P. Hilfiker (2001)
Sulphate particles from subsonic aviation: impact on upper tropospheric and lower stratospheric ozone
G. Pitari (2001)
Climatic impact of future supersonic aircraft: role of water vapour and ozone feedback on circulation
G. Pitari (2001)
Variability of Optical Depth and Effective Radius in Marine Stratocumulus Clouds
M. Szczodrak (2001)
Global direct radiative forcing due to multicomponent anthropogenic and natural aerosols
M. Jacobson (2001)
General circulation model assessment of direct radiative forcing by the sulfate-nitrate-ammonium-water inorganic aerosol system
P. Adams (2001)
A comparison of large-scale atmospheric sulphate aerosol models (COSAM): overview and highlights
L. A. Barrie (2001)
Comparison of the vertical distributions of sulphur species from models which participated in the COSAM excercise with observations. Tellus, in press
U. Lohmann (2001)
Analysis of regional
D. Koch (2001)
Bréon, 2001a: Evaluation of aerosol indirect radiative forcing in MIRAGE
S. Ghan (2001)
Cloud susceptibility and the first aerosol indirect forcing: Sensitivity to black carbon and aerosol concentrations
C. Chuang (2002)
Lightning and Atmospheric Chemistry: The Rate of Atmospheric NO Production
W. Chameides (2003)
Domestic Combustion of Biomass Fuels in Developing Countries: A Major Source of Atmospheric Pollutants
J. Ludwig (2003)
Emissions from savanna fires in southern Africa
P. Sinha (2004)
Biomass Burning Sources of Nitrogen Oxides , Carbon Monoxide , and Non-methane Hydrocarbons

This paper is referenced by
ChAP 1.0: A stationary tropospheric sulphur cycle for Earth system models of intermediate complexity
A. Eliseev (2021)
Integrated nutrient management - promising way to reduce carbon dioxide and methane emission in flooded rice ecosystem: A review
C. Ravikumar (2021)
C:N:P stoichiometry as an indicator of Histosol drainage in lowland and mountain forest ecosystems
J. Lasota (2021)
Concept of climate-charged airspaces: a potential policy instrument for internalizing aviation's climate impact of non-CO2 effects
M. Niklaß (2021)
Arctic open-water periods are projected to lengthen dramatically by 2100
A. Crawford (2021)
A bibliometric study about energy, environment, and climate change
Y. Hou (2021)
Aquifer-CO2 leak project: Physicochemical characterization of the CO2 leakage impact on a carbonate shallow freshwater aquifer
A. Petit (2021)
Spatio-temporal variability in remotely sensed LST and its impacts by FVC in the Greater Khingan Mountains
Jianlin Li (2021)
Spatiotemporal shifts in thermal climate in responses to urban cover changes: a-case analysis of major cities in Punjab, Pakistan
Adil Dilawar (2021)
Shoreline change monitoring for coastal zone management using multi-temporal Landsat data in Mahi River estuary, Gujarat State
Krunal Patel (2021)
Contrasting regional variability of buried meltwater extent over two years across the Greenland Ice Sheet
D. Dunmire (2021)
Rethinking methane from animal agriculture
Shule Liu (2021)
Ending animal agriculture would stabilize greenhouse gas levels for 30 years and offset 70 percent of CO2 emissions this century
M. Eisen (2021)
Carbon storage in cocoa growing systems across different agroecological zones in Ghana
John Tennyson Afele (2021)
A novel framework for risk assessment and resilience of critical infrastructure towards climate change
Nikhil Kumar (2021)
Analysis of temperature variability and extremes with respect to crop threshold temperature for Maharashtra, India
D. Swami (2021)
Coupled Climate-Economy-Ecology-Biosphere Modeling: A Dynamic and Stochastic Approach
K. B. Ogutu (2021)
Can artificial retreat sites help frogs recover after severe habitat devastation? Insights on the use of “coqui houses” after Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico
P. Burrowes (2021)
Current advances in syngas (CO + H2) production through bi-reforming of methane using various catalysts: A review
Udit Surya Mohanty (2021)
Skeptic priors and climate consensus
Grant R. McDermott (2021)
Climate Change in Rwanda: The Observed Changes in Daily Maximum and Minimum Surface Air Temperatures during 1961–2014
J. P. Ngarukiyimana (2021)
Charcoal Burning and Climate Change in Uganda: A Legal Perspective
Okurut Emmanuel (2021)
Evaluation of the performance of bias-corrected CORDEX regional climate models in reproducing Baro–Akobo basin climate
Abiy Getachew Mengistu (2021)
Perceptions and vulnerability to climate change among the urban poor in Kampala City, Uganda
R. Twinomuhangi (2021)
Climate change and hydrological risk in the Pacific: a Humanitarian Engineering perspective
F. Johnson (2021)
Vector-Borne Diseases and Climate Change in the Environmental Context in Haiti
Ketty Balthazard-Accou (2021)
The dynamics of climate change adaptation in India: A review of climate smart agricultural practices among smallholder farmers in Aravalli district, Gujarat, India
Juliet Angom (2021)
Toxicity effect of green synthesized nanoparticle silver nitrate (AgNO3) and titanium oxide (TiO2) against mosquitoes
Shaker Afsar Ali (2021)
Quantifying and projection of the relative impacts of climate change and direct human activities on streamflow fluctuations
A. B. Dariane (2021)
Trophic match/mismatch and reproduction of the pied flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca in a metal-polluted area.
E. Belskii (2021)
An updated evaluation of the global mean land surface air temperature and surface temperature trends based on CLSAT and CMST
Qingxiang Li (2021)
Integrating Omics and Gene Editing Tools for Rapid Improvement of Traditional Food Plants for Diversified and Sustainable Food Security
Ajay Kumar (2021)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar