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Taking Empowerment To The Next Level: A Multiple-Level Model Of Empowerment, Performance, And Satisfaction
S. Seibert, Seth R. Silver, W. Randolph
Published 2004 · Psychology
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Most research to date has approached employee empowerment as an individual-level phenomenon. In this study we proposed a work-unit-level construct, empowerment climate, and tested a multiple-level model integrating macro and micro approaches to empowerment. Empowerment climate was shown to be empirically distinct from psychological empowerment and positively related to manager ratings of work-unit performance. A cross-level mediation analysis using hierarchical linear modeling showed that psychological empowerment mediated the relationships between empowerment climate and individual performance and job satisfaction.
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