Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

Biased Selection Of Controls For Case-control Analyses Of Cohort Studies.

J. Lubin, M. Gail
Published 1984 · Mathematics, Medicine
Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
It is known that unbiased estimates of the relative risk in a cohort study may be obtained by a matched case-control analysis that compares each case with a random sample of controls obtained from those at risk at the time of case incidence. Through inadvertence , or for practical or scientific reasons, a biased referent group may be selected instead. Three kinds of biasing restrictions on controls are commonly imposed: (i) the requirement that controls remain completely disease-free for a fixed time interval, (ii) the exclusion of all cases incident during observation as controls, and (iii) the exclusion, from the referent group, of subjects who develop other diseases, which may be related to the exposure of interest. The bias in estimation of the relative risk associated with each of these restrictions is evaluated under the proportional-hazards model. For several examples of cancer mortality data, the bias from (iii) appears quite small, whereas the bias from (i) can be appreciable and is mostly attributable to the bias from case exclusion (ii). The effect of random variation in the time of onset of exposure is to reduce these biases.

This paper is referenced by
Association between iodinated contrast media exposure and incident hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.
Connie M. Rhee (2012)
Anti-depressant therapy and cancer risk: A nested case-control study
Ben Boursi (2015)
Mortality from lung cancer among Sardinian patients with silicosis.
Plinio Carta (1991)
Canadian National Breast Screening Study: first screen results as predictors of future breast cancer risk.
Philippa H. Holowaty (1993)
Recurrent community-acquired pneumonia in patients starting acid-suppressing drugs.
Dean T. Eurich (2010)
Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-induced hyperkalemia in patients receiving inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system: a population-based study.
T. Antoniou (2010)
Case-Control Studies
Ruth H Keogh (2014)
Role of Androgen Metabolism Genes CYP 1 B 1 , PSA / KLK 3 , and CYP 11 a in Prostate Cancer Risk and Aggressiveness
M. Sertaç Çiçek (2005)
Pregnancy weight gain by gestational age and stillbirth: a population‐based cohort study
Krister Johansson (2018)
Association Between Iodinated Contrast Media Exposure and Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism
Connie M. Rhee (2012)
Association Between Leukotriene-Modifying Agents and Suicide in Patients with Asthma
Glen T. Schumock (2012)
Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose in and Hypoglycemia-Related Hospitalization in a Population-Based Cohort of Canadian Patients With Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes.
Kelly Buxton (2019)
Influence of control selection in genome-wide association studies: the example of diabetes in the Framingham Heart Study
Delphine D Fradin (2009)
Vulnerable Patients and Potential Harms: The Contribution of Observational Research
Deborah Layton (2016)
Recurrent antibiotic exposure may promote cancer formation--Another step in understanding the role of the human microbiota?
Ben Boursi (2015)
Programming challenges of sampling controls to cases from the dynamic risk sets in nested case control studies
Victor A. Kiri (2012)
A new approach of nonparametric estimation of incidence and lifetime risk based on birth rates and incident events
Henrik Støvring (2007)
Utility of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria in predicting the onset of septic shock in hospitalized patients with hematologic malignancies
Anthony R Mato (2009)
Use of antidepressant agents and the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus : a methodological comparison
Star Khoza (2011)
Comparative effectiveness of continuing a virologically effective first-line boosted protease inhibitor combination or of switching to a three-drug regimen containing either efavirenz, nevirapine or abacavir.
T Bommenel (2011)
Piecewise exponential survival times and analysis of case-cohort data.
Yan Li (2012)
Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and the risk of osteoporotic fractures: nested case-control study
Iskandar Tamimi (2017)
Histologic Factors Associated With Need for Surgery in Patients With Pedunculated T1 Colorectal Carcinomas.
Yara Backes (2018)
Title Association Between Iodinated Contrast Media Exposure and Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism
Connie M. Rhee (2012)
Blood Leukocyte DNA Methylation Predicts Risk of Future Myocardial Infarction and Coronary Heart Disease.
G. Agha (2019)
Control Selection Options for Genome-Wide Association Studies in Cohorts
Sholom Wacholder (2009)
Contemporary Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine
A Multifunctional Giant (2010)
Case–Control Study, Nested †
Bryan Langholz (2014)
Increased diagnostic activity in general practice during the year preceding colorectal cancer diagnosis.
Pernille Libach Hansen (2015)
Methods to Assess Genetic Risk Prediction.
Christin Schulz (2017)
Selecting appropriate study designs to address specific research questions in occupational epidemiology
Harvey Checkoway (2007)
Regular use of inhaled corticosteroids and the long term prevention of hospitalisation for asthma
Samy Suissa (2002)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar