Introduction: Cystic congenital malformations of the seminal vesicle are unusual. More than half of them are associated with ipsilateral renal agenesis. This disease was first described by Zinner in 1914, and since then, more than 200 cases have been reported. Most of the patients with this congenital disease present few symptoms until the middle-age.
Case presentation: A 61-year-old male was referred to the Urology Clinic with intermittent pain and sensibility in his lower left abdomen in the last 12 months accompanied by intermittent bowel obstruction. The digital rectal examination could not assess the prostate due to a rectal stenosis. On computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) a cystic tumor with close relations with the bladder wall and prostate, associated with left kidney agenesis was identified. The cystic tumor was surgically removed. The histopathological examination of the tumor revealed a multilocular seminal vesicle cyst, with a muscular wall.
Conclusions: Seminal vesicle cysts combined with ipsilateral renal agenesis are rare urological anomalies. Imaging allows a comprehensive investigation of renal and seminal vesicle anomalies. MRI seems to better visualize cysts and differentiate them from ureteroceles, while the histopathological examination contributes to a correct diagnosis. A multidisciplinary team (urologists, radiologists, and morphologists) is necessary for the proper diagnosis of Zinner’s syndrome.