On The Kinetics Of Shear Induced Crystallization In Polypropylene
With short term shearing at low degrees of supercooling a method has been developed by which nucleation during shearing can effectively be separated from the subsequent crystal growth, which, in these experiments, mainly occurs after the cessation of the flow. In this way the kinetics of nucleation by shear could be unravelled for isotactic polypropylene. The required measurement consists of the monitoring of the optical retardation which increases with the monitoring time and levels off by saturation. From these measurements conclusions could be drawn with respect to the modes of formation of the nuclei and of their type. Model predictions could be confirmed with the aid of electron micrographs.