Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

The Effects Of Several Organic Acids On Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibilities, And Cecal Microbial Populations In Young Chicks.

P. Biggs, C. Parsons
Published 2008 · Biology, Medicine

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy Visualize in Litmaps
Share
Reduce the time it takes to create your bibliography by a factor of 10 by using the world’s favourite reference manager
Time to take this seriously.
Get Citationsy
Four experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of citric, gluconic, fumaric, and malic acids on growth and nutrient digestibility in New Hampshire x Columbian male chicks from hatch to 21 d. For growth performance, chicks fed 1 to 4% gluconic acid, 4% citric acid, or 4% malic acid in a corn-soybean meal diet generally showed reductions (P < 0.05) in growth to 21 d, whereas 3% citric acid, 2% malic acid, or 1.5 to 4.5% fumaric acid had no significant effect. In the first experiment, 2, 4, and 6% gluconic acid increased ME(n) values at 7, 14, and 21 d, but in experiment 2, 1 and 2% gluconic acid decreased ME(n) at 4 and 7 d, but had no effect at 14 and 21 d. The 4% level of citric acid increased ME(n) at 4 d. Digestibility of most amino acids (AA) was reduced by gluconic acid in some treatments, whereas citric acid (3%) increased AA digestibility at 4 d but not at 21 d. For cecal microbial populations at 21 d, bifidobacteria were reduced when 2% gluconic acid and 3% citric acid were fed to chicks in a corn-soybean meal diet, whereas 4% gluconic acid had no effect when fed in a dextrose-casein diet to chicks. In a dextrose-isolated soy protein diet, 4% gluconic acid reduced the cecal populations of Lactobacillus, Escherichia coli, and Clostridium perfringens. The results of this study indicated that feeding organic acids did not have any consistent effects on growth performance, ME(n), AA digestibility, or cecal microbial numbers.
This paper references
10.3168/JDS.S0022-0302(53)91482-9
Cultural Methods and Some Characteristics of Some of the More Numerous Groups of Bacteria in the Bovine Rumen
M. Bryant (1953)
10.1093/JN/64.4.587
Comparison of metabolizable energy and productive energy determinations with growing chicks.
F. W. Hill (1958)
10.1016/S0034-5288(18)33784-6
Gastric acid secretion in newly born piglets.
P. Cranwell (1974)
10.1080/00071667508416222
A new method of determining metabolisability of energy and digestibility of fatty acids in broiler diets.
H. Vogtmann (1975)
10.1080/00071667708416332
The importance of Lactobacilli in maintaining normal microbial balance in the crop.
R. Fuller (1977)
10.1038/265623A0
Adherence of Escherichia coli to human mucosal cells mediated by mannose receptors
I. Ofek (1977)
10.1248/CPB.26.3306
Oligosaccharides and polysaccharides specifically utilizable by bifidobacteria.
K. Yazawa (1978)
10.3382/PS.0580572
A Commercial Scale Study of the Efficiency of Propionic Acid and Calcium Propionate as Fungistats in Poultry Feed
N. Paster (1979)
Official Methods of Analysis
W. Horwitz (1980)
10.1016/0304-3835(80)90098-1
Inhibitory effect of some intestinal bacteria on liver tumorigenesis in gnotobiotic C3H/He male mice.
T. Mizutani (1980)
10.3382/PS.0602407
Effect of Feed Ingredients on the Antifungal Activity of Propionic Acid
R. C. Dixon (1981)
10.1080/17450398209425138
[pH value in the anterior tract of weanling piglets].
E. Schnabel (1982)
10.1111/J.1365-2672.1983.TB02632.X
The antimicrobial effect of dissociated and undissociated sorbic acid at different pH levels.
T. Eklund (1983)
10.2134/jae1985.0019
Pairwise multiple comparisons of treatment means in agronomic research
S. G. Carmer (1985)
10.12938/BIFIDUS1982.5.1_37
Effects of Fructooligosaccharides on Intestinal Flora and Human Health
H. Hidaka (1986)
10.1128/aem.54.7.1715-1718.1988
Selective medium for isolation and enumeration of Bifidobacterium spp
F. Muñoa (1988)
10.1002/EJI.1830191210
Anti‐inflammatory activity of human IgA antibodies and their Fabα fragments: inhibition of IgG‐mediated complement activation
M. Russell (1989)
10.3382/PS.0690787
Effect of oligosaccharide-free soybean meal on true metabolizable energy and fiber digestion in adult roosters.
C. Coon (1990)
10.3402/MEHD.V3I6.7555
Effects of Soybean Oligosaccharides on Human Faecal Flora
K. Hayakawa (1990)
10.2307/1591254
Effect of dietary lactose on cecal pH, bacteriostatic volatile fatty acids, and Salmonella typhimurium colonization of broiler chicks.
D. Corrier (1990)
10.3177/JNSV.39.635
Influence of galactooligosaccharides on the human fecal microflora.
M. Ito (1993)
10.3382/PS.0720643
An evaluation of fructooligosaccharide in diets for broiler chickens and effects on salmonellae contamination of carcasses.
A. Waldroup (1993)
10.1111/J.1365-2672.1994.TB03443.X
Regulatory effects of bifidobacteria on the growth of other colonic bacteria.
G. Gibson (1994)
10.3402/MEHD.V7I5.8301
Effects of gluconic acid on human faecal bacteria
T. Asano (1994)
10.1093/JN/125.6.1401
Dietary modulation of the human colonic microbiota: introducing the concept of prebiotics.
G. Gibson (1995)
10.1093/JN/127.3.444
Administration of transgalacto-oligosaccharides increases fecal bifidobacteria and modifies colonic fermentation metabolism in healthy humans.
Y. Bouhnik (1997)
10.1093/JN/127.1.130
Selected indigestible oligosaccharides affect large bowel mass, cecal and fecal short-chain fatty acids, pH and microflora in rats.
J. Campbell (1997)
10.1080/00071669889042
Yolk utilisation in the newly hatched poult.
Y. Noy (1998)
10.3177/JNSV.45.173
Secretion and excretion of immunoglobulin A to cecum and feces differ with type of indigestible saccharides.
K. Kudoh (1999)
10.1093/jn/129.7.1402S
Inulin and oligofructose: what are they?
K. Niness (1999)
10.1093/AJCN/69.5.980
Effect of transgalactooligosaccharides on the composition of the human intestinal microflora and on putative risk markers for colon cancer.
M. Alles (1999)
10.1080/00071669987043
Energy utilisation of carbohydrate, fat and protein sources in newly hatched broiler chicks.
B. Sulistiyanto (1999)
10.1079/WPS20000024
Removal of antibiotic growth promoters from poultry diets: implications and strategies to minimise subsequent problems
M. Bedford (2000)
10.2527/2000.783682X
The effects of citric acid on phytate-phosphorus utilization in young chicks and pigs.
S. Boling (2000)
10.1093/PS/79.2.205
The effects of dietary mannaoligosaccharides on cecal parameters and the concentrations of enteric bacteria in the ceca of salmonella-challenged broiler chicks.
P. Spring (2000)
10.1093/PS/80.6.783
The effect of citric acid on the calcium and phosphorus requirements of chicks fed corn-soybean meal diets.
S. D. Boling-Frankenbach (2001)
10.1093/JN/132.8.2229
Stimulation of butyrate production by gluconic acid in batch culture of pig cecal digesta and identification of butyrate-producing bacteria.
T. Tsukahara (2002)
10.1093/PS/81.3.400
Effects of age on nutrient digestibility in chicks fed different diets.
A. Batal (2002)
10.1093/JN/132.5.980
Supplemental fructooligosaccharides and mannanoligosaccharides influence immune function, ileal and total tract nutrient digestibilities, microbial populations and concentrations of protein catabolites in the large bowel of dogs.
K. Swanson (2002)
10.2527/2003.8182008x
Nutrient digestibilities, microbial populations, and protein catabolites as affected by fructan supplementation of dog diets.
E. Flickinger (2003)
10.1093/PS/82.6.1030
Effects of dietary fructooligosaccharide on digestive enzyme activities, intestinal microflora and morphology of male broilers.
Z. Xu (2003)
10.1093/JN/133.10.3187
Megasphaera elsdenii JCM1772T normalizes hyperlactate production in the large intestine of fructooligosaccharide-fed rats by stimulating butyrate production.
Kenta Hashizume (2003)
10.1093/PS/83.7.1187
Phytase, citric acid, and 1alpha-hydroxycholecalciferol improve phytate phosphorus utilization in chicks fed a corn-soybean meal diet.
J. Snow (2004)
10.1093/PS/83.7.1148
Effects of dietary mannan oligosaccharide, bacitracin methylene disalicylate, or both on the live performance and intestinal microbiology of turkeys.
M. D. Sims (2004)
10.1590/S1516-635X2004000300008
Productive Traits of Broiler Chickens Fed Diets Containing Different Growth Promoters
Erl Pelicano (2004)
10.1093/JN/134.4.940
Dietary sodium gluconate protects rats from large bowel cancer by stimulating butyrate production.
Chiyoko Kameue (2004)
10.1007/BF01308592
Intestinal epithelial function: The case for immunophysiological regulation
D. McKay (2005)
10.1093/PS/84.9.1370
Citric acid improves phytate phosphorus utilization in crossbred and commercial broiler chicks.
K. A. Rafacz-Livingston (2005)
10.1093/PS/84.9.1356
The effects of various organic acids on phytate phosphorus utilization in chicks.
K. A. Rafacz-Livingston (2005)
10.1128/9781555818463.CH30
Chemical Preservatives and Natural Antimicrobial Compounds
P. Davidson (2007)



This paper is referenced by
10.1016/j.psj.2019.10.073
Effects of Eimeria tenella infection on the barrier damage and microbiota diversity of chicken cecum
B. Zhou (2020)
10.3382/JAPR/PFZ031
Effect of Dietary Organic Acids and Humic Substance Supplementation on Performance, Immune Response and Gut Morphology of Broiler Chickens
P. Aristimunha (2020)
Influence of Sodium Acetate, Sodium Propionate and their Combination on Nutrient Digestibility and Blood Profile of Broiler Starters
A. Agboola (2020)
10.36610/j.jsaas.2020.070100003
Suplementación alimenticia con promotores de crecimiento en pollos de engorde Cobb 500
Alfredo González-Vázquez (2020)
Effects of Topical Application of Clay and Honey on Cutaneous Wound Healing in Rabbits. World's Vet. J. 4(2): 15-19.;
R. Mohamed (2020)
10.1111/are.14616
Effects of malic acid and citric acid on growth performance, antioxidant capacity, haematology and immune response of Carassius auratus gibelio
L. Zhang (2020)
10.51791/NJAP.V46I4.322
Influence of butyric acid supplemented diets on growth response, precaecal nutrient digestibility, gut morphology and histopathological measurements in broiler chickens
A. Agboola (2020)
10.1016/j.psj.2020.12.040
Effects of housing systems and glucose oxidase on growth performance and intestinal health of Beijing You Chickens
Yizhu Zhao (2020)
10.1038/s41598-020-60564-8
16S rRNA gene sequencing reveals an altered composition of the gut microbiota in chickens infected with a nephropathogenic infectious bronchitis virus
P. Xu (2020)
10.3390/microorganisms8020255
Oligosaccharides from Palm Kernel Cake Enhances Adherence Inhibition and Intracellular Clearance of Salmonella enterica Serovar Enteritidis In Vitro
Rui Qing Foo (2020)
10.21608/AVMJ.2020.167272
EFFECT OF USING FORMIC ACID ON GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND SOME BLOOD PARAMETER OF BROILER CHICKEN
H. A. Mahmoud (2020)
10.1186/s13071-020-3897-6
Dissection of the cecal microbial community in chickens after Eimeria tenella infection
Hong-Liang Chen (2020)
Effect of medium chain fatty acids ( MCFA ) on growth performance and nutrient utilization in broiler chickens
M. Hejdysz (2019)
10.1007/978-3-030-04624-8_47
Nutraceuticals in Poultry Health and Disease
A. Filazi (2019)
10.1088/1742-6596/1294/9/092012
Effect of addition date molasses or/and ascorbic acid with/without feeding method in some productive performance of broiler chickens Ross 308
Mohammed Jard Kadhim (2019)
10.14334/WARTAZOA.V29I1.1918
In ovo Feeding of Butyric Acid Replacing Antibiotics Function to Increase Poultry Productivity
R. Krisnan (2019)
10.3382/ps/pez483
Effects of dietary inulin supplementation on the composition and dynamics of cecal microbiota and growth-related parameters in broiler chickens.
Y. Xia (2019)
10.3382/ps/pey552
Effects of coccidial vaccination and dietary antimicrobial alternatives on the growth performance, internal organ development, and intestinal morphology of Eimeria‐challenged male broilers
Xi Wang (2019)
10.3382/ps/pez537
Administration of dietary prebiotics improves growth performance and reduces pathogen colonization in broiler chickens.
L. Froebel (2019)
10.3382/ps/pez088
The use of inulin and wheat bran only during the starter period or during the entire rearing life of broilers: effects on growth performance, small intestinal maturation, and cecal microbial colonization until slaughter age.
Bing Li (2019)
10.3382/ps/pey393
Effects of glucose oxidase on growth performance, gut function, and cecal microbiota of broiler chickens
S. Wu (2019)
10.3382/ps/pez246
Effect of a synbiotic supplement on cecal microbial ecology, antioxidant status, and immune response of broiler chickens reared under heat stress.
A. Mohammed (2019)
10.1016/j.aninu.2018.07.004
Dietary organic acid and fiber sources affect performance, intestinal morphology, immune responses and gut microflora in broilers
Sakineh Sabour (2019)
10.3389/fmicb.2019.02948
Selectived and Reshaped Early Dominant Microbial Community in the Cecum With Similar Proportions and Better Homogenization and Species Diversity Due to Organic Acids as AGP Alternatives Mediate Their Effects on Broilers Growth
Y. Hu (2019)
10.3389/fvets.2018.00191
A Review of Prebiotics Against Salmonella in Poultry: Current and Future Potential for Microbiome Research Applications
A. Micciche (2018)
10.3382/ps/pey131
Effect of Dietary Fructooligosaccharide (FOS) Supplementation on Ileal Microbiota in Broiler Chickens
Y. Shang (2018)
PROSPECTS OF USING CITRIC ACID AS POULTRY FEED SUPPLEMENTS
S. Shah (2018)
10.3184/003685018X15173975498947
Global Restriction of Using Antibiotic Growth Promoters and Alternative Strategies in Poultry Production
H. M. Salim (2018)
10.1186/s13568-018-0617-0
Impacts of supplementing growing rabbit diets with whey powder and citric acid on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, meat and bone analysis, and gut health
Asmaa T Y Kishawy (2018)
10.1080/09712119.2017.1411267
The effect of dietary Bacillus subtilis supplementation on the growth performance, blood profile, nutrient retention, and caecal microflora in broiler chickens
J. Park (2018)
10.3382/ps/pey149
Prebiotics offered to broiler chicken exert positive effect on meat quality traits irrespective of delivery route
S. Tavaniello (2018)
10.1017/S0043933918000697
Combination of phytase and organic acid for broilers: role in mineral digestibility and phytic acid degradation
B. S. Vieira (2018)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar