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Reconstruction And Analysis Of The Immune-Related LINC00987/A2M Axis In Lung Adenocarcinoma

Jiakang Ma, Xiaoyan Lin, Xueting Wang, Qingqing Min, Tonglian Wang, Chaozhi Tang

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Enhancer RNAs (eRNAs) participate in tumor growth and immune regulation through complex signaling pathways. However, the immune-related function of the eRNA-mRNA axis in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is unclear. Data on the expression of eRNAs and mRNAs were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas, GEO, and UCSC Xena, including LUAD, and pan-cancer clinical data and mutational information. Immune gene files were obtained from ImmLnc and ImmPort databases. Survival indices, including relapse-free and overall survival, were analyzed using the Kaplan–Meier and log-rank methods. The level of immune cell infiltration, degree of tumor hypoxia, and tumor cell stemness characteristics were quantified using the single-sample gene set enrichment analysis algorithm. The immune infiltration score and infiltration degree were evaluated using the ESTIMATE and CIBERSORT algorithms. The tumor mutation burden and microsatellite instability were examined using the Spearman test. The LUAD-associated immune-related LINC00987/A2M axis was down-regulated in most cancer types, indicating poor survival and cancer progression. Immune cell infiltration was closely related to abnormal expression of the LINC00987/A2M axis, linking its expression to a possible evaluation of sensitivity to checkpoint inhibitors and response to chemotherapy. Abnormal expression of the LINC00987/A2M axis was characterized by heterogeneity in the degree of tumor hypoxia and stemness characteristics. The abnormal distribution of immune cells in LUAD was also verified through pan-cancer analysis. Comprehensive bioinformatic analysis showed that the LINC00987/A2M axis is a functional and effective tumor suppressor and biomarker for assessing the immune microenvironment and prognostic and therapeutic evaluations of LUAD.