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Assembly Mechanism And The Morphological Analysis Of The Robust Superhydrophobic Surface

Doeun Kim, Arun Sasidharanpillai, Ki Hoon Yun, Younki Lee, Dong-Jin Yun, Woon Ik Park, Jiwon Bang, Seunghyup Lee

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Robust superhydrophobic surfaces are fabricated on different substrates by a scalable spray coating process. The developed superhydrophobic surface consists of thin layers of surface functionalized silica nanoparticle (SiO2) bound to the substrate by acrylate-polyurethane (PU) binder. The influence of the SiO2/PU ratio on the superhydrophobicity, and the robustness of the developed surface, is systematically analyzed. The optimized SiO2/PU ratio for prepared superhydrophobic surfaces is obtained between 0.9 and 1.2. The mechanism which yields superhydrophobicity to the surface is deduced for the first time with the help of scanning electron microscopy and profilometer. The effect of mechanical abrasion on the surface roughness and superhydrophobicity are analyzed by using profilometer and contact angle measurement, respectively. Finally, it is concluded that the binder plays a key role in controlling the surface roughness and superhydrophobicity through the capillary mechanism. Additionally, the reason for the reduction in performance is also discussed with respect to the morphology variation.