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Ammonia Sensor Based On Vapor Phase Polymerized Polypyrrole

Ahmadou Ly, Yifan Luo, Gaëtan Cavaillès, Marie-Georges Olivier, Marc Debliquy, Driss Lahem

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The detection of ammonia is an important issue for a lot of applications: leak detection in industry, agriculture, cooling systems, and medical diagnosis (breath biomarker for non-invasive diagnostic of renal disease). Among the possible sensing technologies, chemosensors based on conducting polymers show interesting characteristics. Polypyrrole (PPy) is well known for its sensitivity to ammonia. In the present work, PPy was synthesized by vapor phase polymerization (VPP) and treated with three different reductants. The ammonia sensing performance was investigated. The response of sodium sulfite Na2SO3 treated PPy was found to be much more pronounced when exposed to ammonia, it was twice as high as the grown PPy. A response of 15% at 500 ppb was obtained with an excellent selectivity towards ammonia compared to ethanol, acetone, and isopropanol. The role of chemical reduction of PPy in ammonia gas sensing was studied using different methods such as Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and ultra-violet, visible, near-infrared (UV–Vis–NIR) spectroscopy.