Delivery Systems For Hydroxytyrosol Supplementation: State Of The Art
This review aims to highlight the benefits and limitations of the main colloid-based available delivery systems for hydroxytyrosol. Hydroxytyrosol is a phenolic compound with clear biological activities for human wellness. Olive fruits, leaves and extra-virgin oil are the main food sources of hydroxytyrosol. Moreover, olive oil mill wastewaters are considered a potential source to obtain hydroxytyrosol to use in the food industry. However, recovered hydroxytyrosol needs adequate formulations and delivery systems to increase its chemical stability and bioavailability. Therefore, the application of hydroxytyrosol delivery systems in food sector is still a fascinating challenge. Principal delivery systems are based on the use of colloids, polymers able to perform gelling, thickening and stabilizing functions in various industrial sectors, including food manufacturing. Here, we review the recipes for the available hydroxytyrosol systems and their relative production methods, as well as aspects relative to system characteristics and hydroxytyrosol effectiveness.