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Biosynthesis And Signal Transduction Of ABA, JA, And BRs In Response To Drought Stress Of Kentucky Bluegrass

Yajun Chen, Yang Chen, Zhenjie Shi, Yifeng Jin, Huashan Sun, Fuchun Xie, Lu Zhang

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Kentucky bluegrass (KB, Poa pratensis) is one of the most widely used cool-season turfgrass species, but it is sensitive to drought stress. Molecular studies in KB are hindered by its large and complex genome structure. In this study, a comparative transcriptomic study was conducted between a short and long period of water deficiency. Three transcriptome libraries were constructed and then sequenced by using leaf RNA samples of plants at 0, 2, and 16 h after PEG6000 treatment. A total of 199,083 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were found. The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) annotation revealed that DEGs were enriched in “Plant hormone signal transduction” and “MAPK signaling pathway-Plant”. Some key up-regulated genes, including PYL, JAZ, and BSK, were involved in hormone signaling transduction of abscisic acid, jasmonic acid, and brassinosteroid and possibly these genes play important roles in coping with drought stress in KB. Furthermore, our results showed that the concentrations of ABA, JA and BR increased significantly with the extension of the drought period. The specific DEGs encoding functional proteins, kinase and transcription factors, could be valuable information for genetic manipulation to promote drought tolerance of KB in the future.