Annealing And Stretching Induced High Energy Storage Properties In All-Organic Composite Dielectric Films
High discharged energy density and charge–discharge efficiency, in combination with high electric breakdown strength, maximum electric displacement and low residual displacement, are very difficult to simultaneously achieve in single-component polymer dielectrics. Plenty of researches have reported polymer based composite dielectrics filled with inorganic fillers, through complex surface modification of inorganic fillers to improve interface compatibility. In this work, a novel strategy of introducing environmentally-friendly biological polyester into fluoropolymer matrix has been presented to prepare all-organic polymer composites with desirable high energy storage properties by solution cast process (followed by annealing or stretching post-treatment), in order to simplify the preparation steps and lower the cost. Fluoropolymer with substantial ferroelectric domains (contributing to high dielectric response) as matrix and poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) with excellent linear polarization property (resulting in high breakdown strength) as filler were employed. By high-temperature annealing, the size of ferroelectric domains could be improved and interfacial air defects could be removed, leading to elevated high energy storage density and efficiency in composite. By mono-directional stretching, the ferroelectric domains and polyester could be regularly oriented along stretching direction, resulting in desired high energy storage performances as well. Besides, linear dielectric components could contribute to high efficiency from their strong rigidity restrain effect on ferroelectric component. This work might open up the way for a facile fabrication of promising all-organic composite dielectric films with high energy storage properties.