Preparation And Evaluation Of Atorvastatin-Loaded Nanoemulgel On Wound-Healing Efficacy
Tissue repair and wound healing are complex processes that involve inflammation, granulation, and remodeling of the tissue. The potential of various statins including atorvastatin (ATR) to improve the wound healing effect was established. The aim of this study was to formulate and evaluate the efficacy of topical application of ATR-based nanoemulgel on wound healing. The prepared formulations (ATR gel, ATR emulgel, and ATR nanoemulgel) were evaluated for their physical appearance, rheological behavior, in vitro drug release and ex vivo drug permeation. The in vivo wound healing effect was evaluated in wound-induced rats. The prepared ATR gel formulations showed good physical properties and were comparable. The release profiles of drugs from gel, emulgel, and nanoemulgel were distinct. Skin permeation potential of ATR was significantly (p < 0.05) enhanced when formulated into nanoemulgel. In vivo wound healing studies showed that ATR nanoemulgel exhibited the highest percent wound contraction. Histopathological assessment showed marked improvement in the skin histological architecture after 21 days of ATR nanoemulgel treatment. In conclusion, the data demonstrated here signify the prospective of ATR nanoemulgel as an innovative therapeutic approach in wound healing.