Managing The New Psychological Contract
Employees have other expectations as an extension of what is usually expressly stated in formal, written or legally binding employment contracts. They (employees) develop perceptions about certain obligations which employers should fulfill in response to their contributions. This informal but normal employee expectation is known as the psychological contract. The effective management of the psychological contract in modern organizations has never been more crucial for managers. This is essentially because of the subjective and fluid nature of this concept, differences in personal values, and an accelerated pace of change in the operating environment of organizations. A good employment relationship creates an enabling environment for employees enhancing performance and productivity. It is also the bedrock of job satisfaction, motivation, commitment, citizenship behaviour, and employee retention. These factors are key determinants of organizational success and sustainability. A perceived breach or violation results in negative attitudinal and behavioral responses, whereas a positive psychological contract boosts employees’ morale. In this article, we explore the concept of the psychological contract, its changing nature, and effective management. Insight is given on managing the psychological contract to enhance the commitment, performance, and productivity of employees as well as continued organizational success in a constantly volatile environment.