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Compatibility Between Magnesium Stearate And Pharmaceutical Acidic Active Compounds/Excipients With DSC

Pornsit Chaiya, Thawatchai Phaechamud

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Compatibility investigation was performed between magnesium stearate and acidic drug compounds (ibuprofen, indomethacin and valproic acid) and acidic pharmaceutical excipients (lactic acid and citric acid) using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). DSC study indicated the possible incompatibility for the mixture between magnesium stearate and any compounds. Alteration in DSC thermogram was found in all mixtures. The eutectic phenomenon was found in the powder mixture of magnesium stearate and ibuprofen. In addition, the presence of melting endothermic peak of stearic acid in other powder mixtures except the mixture of magnesium stearate and indomethacin indicating breakage of salt form of magnesium stearate. This alteration could relate to the influence on physicochemical properties of drug compounds and pharmaceutical excipients which powder x-ray diffraction (PXRD) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) should be further analyzed to confirm the interactions between compounds.