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Epidemiología De Las Lesiones En Los Estudiantes De Ciencias Del Movimiento Humano De La Universidad De Costa Rica (Epidemiology Of Injuries In Students Of Human Movement Sciences At The University Of Costa Rica)

Willy Gálvez Aguilar, C. Salazar, Y. C. Araya
Published 2016 · Geography

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El proposito del estudio fue determinar la tasa de incidencia de lesiones y el de riesgo de lesion en el estudiantado de primer ano de la Carrera Ciencias del Movimiento Humano de la Universidad de Costa Rica durante el ano lectivo 2014. Es un estudio prospectivo en el que participaron 47 estudiantes, quienes voluntariamente completaron el consentimiento informado y un cuestionario de autoreporte para conocer la presencia de lesiones y habitos de actividad fisica. A los participantes se les indico que cada lunes del semestre debian reportar la presencia de alguna lesion ocurrida durante la semana anterior y que debian sacar una cita medica para un diagnostico preciso. Se encontro que el 31.8% de los estudiantes (80% mujeres y 20% hombres) ingresaron lesionados a la carrera (p < 0.001). Durante el ano de seguimiento, 59.5% de la poblacion estudiantil presento una lesion nueva. Hubo 37 lesiones nuevas, 24 (64.9%) en mujeres y 13 (35.1%) en hombres, siendo las de rodilla y muslo las mas frecuentes. Estas lesiones ocurren principalmente en el contexto extracurricular. El riesgo de lesion para la poblacion fue de 0.79 y la tasa de incidencia 2.00 lesiones/1000 h de exposicion. Se concluye que la poblacion estudiantil masculina y femenina de primer ano de la carrera de Ciencias del Movimiento Humano de la Universidad de Costa Rica es vulnerable a la presencia de lesiones en el tren inferior, mostrando una mayor cantidad de lesiones en el segundo semestre del ano. Se necesitan estudios longitudinales para conocer la evolucion y atencion de las lesiones a lo largo de la carrera. Abstract . The purpose of the study was to determine the incidence rate of injuries and the risk of injury on first-year students of the Human Movement Sciences Program from the University of Costa Rica during the school year 2014. In this prospective study, 47 students voluntarily completed an informed consent and a self-report questionnaire to determine injuries and physical activity habits. Participants were instructed that every Monday of the semester should report any injury that occurred during the previous week, and to make a doctor’s appointment for an accurate diagnostic. Results indicated that 31.8% of the first-year students (80% women, 30% men) entered the program already injured (p < 0.001). During the follow-up year, 59.5% of the student population reported a new injury. There were 37 new lesions, 24 (64.9%) in women and 13 (35.1%) in men, being the knee and thigh the most frequent injuries. These lesions occurred mainly in the extracurricular context. The injury risk for the population was 0.79 and the incidence rate of 2.00 injuries/1000-h of exposure. In conclusion, the first-year male and female student population of the Human Movement Sciences Program at the University Costa Rica is vulnerable to injuries in the lower body, with a greater number of injuries in the second semester of the year. Longitudinal studies are needed to determine the evolution and care of injuries throughout the program.
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