Indigenous Breeding Practices And Selection Criteria Of Sheep Breed In Selale Area, Central Ethiopia -
Published 2014 · Geography
This study was aimed to generate organized information on traditional breeding practices and selection criteria for indigenous sheep types in two districts of Selale area. A total of 300 households (150 in Debre Libanos and 150 in Wuchale district) were randomly sampled for the interview in selected and surrounding Kebeles. A semi-structured questionnaire and group discussion were used to gather sheep breeding practices and selection criteria in the area. The result showed that most of the households heads are males (77.33%) and mixed crop-livestock system. Sheep were kept predominantly as source of income generation. Mating was predominantly uncontrolled and no report of controlled breeding. Out of total farmers interviewed, only about 7.33% and 14% kept their own breeding males in Debre Libanos and Wuchale, respectively. The majority of the farmers got the service from unknown ram (63.33% in Debre Libanos and 51.33% in Wuchale). Selection of breeding animals was reported to be practiced in the study areas, and mainly focused on selection of breeding males. In selecting a breeding ram, appearance and/or conformation ranked first for both Debre Libanos and Wuchale sheep owners with an index of 0.42 and 0.311, respectively. Uncontrolled mating and absence of breeding rams in many of the flocks in Debre Libanos and Wuchale districts are challenges which have to be tackled when implementing breeding programs. In order to minimize the failure of breed improvement programs it is important to involve farmers considering the existing breeding practices, selection criteria and trait preferences of the community.