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Upper Echelons: The Organization As A Reflection Of Its Top Managers

D. Hambrick, P. Mason
Published 1984 · Business
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Theorists in various fields have discussed characteristics of top managers. This paper attempts to synthesize these previously fragmented literatures around a more general “upper echelons perspective.” The theory states that organizational outcomes—strategic choices and performance levels—are partially predicted by managerial background characteristics. Propositions and methodological suggestions are included.
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