Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

National Systems Of Innovation: User-Producer Relationships, National Systems Of Innovation And Internationalisation

B. Lundvall
Published 2010 · Business

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Introduction In neoclassical trade theory the so-called primary factors of production, capital and labour, are treated as strictly national assets, assumed not to cross national borders. Technology, on the other hand, is assumed to be a transnational resource, moving freely across borders. The only fundamental difference between national systems is the difference in factor proportions, and export and import specialisation reflects nothing but such differences. One way to restate this model would be to propose a more restricted mobility of technology, and to treat investments in R&D on par with investments in factories and machinery. However, the national system of innovation would still be of very limited analytical interest in this extended model. The only new variables to be considered would be the stock and the rate of investment in R&D. The National System of Innovation and the Fundamental Neoclassical Assumptions In order to see, why the national system of innovation is a useful analytical concept, a more radical revision of basic neoclassical assumptions is necessary. In a world where agents are perfectly rational (maximisers of utility and profit, with unlimited access to information, and an unlimited capacity to gather and process information) and where all transactions take place in pure markets, with anonymous relationships between buyers and sellers, national borders play a limited economic role. In such a world, it is legitimate to assume that institutional and cultural differences between nations do not to interfere with economic processes.



This paper is referenced by
10.1016/J.RESPOL.2017.01.013
Disentangling patterns of economic, technological and innovative specialization of Western economies: An assessment of the Varieties-of-Capitalism theory on comparative institutional advantages
Toon Meelen (2017)
10.1177/0001839215590153
The Role of Intergovernmental Organizations in Cross-border Knowledge Transfer and Innovation*
Srividya Jandhyala (2015)
10.1109/ITMC.2013.7352655
Dusting off “Social innovation system”
Harry Fulgencio (2013)
Globalization, the rise of biotechnology and catching up in agricultural innovation: The case of Bt technology in India
Michiko Iizuka (2014)
10.1186/S40604-014-0013-Y
China’s innovation financing system: Triple Helix policy perspectives
Jarunee Wonglimpiyarat (2015)
10.1007/S10961-016-9485-4
Towards a broad understanding of innovation and its importance for innovation policy
Dirk Meissner (2017)
Politics in energy system transformation. Conditions for the development of an offshore wind industry in Norway
Håkon Normann (2017)
10.1177/0308518X15603986
How does multi-scalar institutional change affect localized learning processes? A case study of the med-tech sector in Southern Sweden
M. Grillitsch (2015)
Considering adoption: Towards a consumption-oriented approach to innovation
J. Rekers (2012)
Developing and Deploying Innovative Technologies in a Liberalized European Railway System
Guillaume de Tilirre (2009)
La gestión de la innovación en la empresa: evolución de su campo de estudio * Managing innovation in the enterprise: the evolution of the field of study
Liney Adriana Manjarrés Henríquez (2012)
Innovation systems and regional governance for the development of low carbon building technologies in Wales : a 'functions approach'
Y. Wang (2015)
10.4337/9781784711108
Developing National Systems of Innovation
E. Albuquerque (2015)
10.1007/978-3-642-12563-8_2
Institutions and Systems: Analysing Technical Innovation Processes from an Institutional Perspective
Raymund Werle (2012)
10.1007/s11192-015-1709-0
Trend analysis of academic research and technical development pertaining to gas hydrates
Su Jin Seo (2015)
10.1504/IJTPM.2010.036922
Venture capital management towards the leading biotechnology centre of Canada
Jarunee Wonglimpiyarat (2010)
Facilitating innovation in SMEs : the case of public intermediaries in South Korea
Eun Sun Kim (2015)
10.1080/09654310903343567
Understanding the Innovation Impacts of Public Procurement
E. Uyarra (2009)
Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Biotechnology, an International Perspective: Concepts, Theories and Cases
Damian C Hine (2008)
A Sectoral System of Innovation Analysis of Technological Upgrading in the Food Processing Sector in Argentina, Brazil and Chile
M. Molina (2011)
Commercialisation of biosciences research in Oman : the entrepreneurial challenge
Al Hinai (2018)
FACTORES DETERMINANTES DE COOPERACIÓN EN I+D:
Sajid Haider (2012)
networks in the wake of a Norwegian corporate acquisition in Germany Work in progress
Ingvill Stensheim (2010)
10.3390/joitmc5030070
Building Networks to Harness Innovation Synergies: Towards an Open Systems Approach to Sustainable Development
R. Rasiah (2019)
Drivers of innovation between globalisation and localisation 1
E. Baier (2008)
10.1007/S13132-011-0055-6
Innovation Theory, Aesthetics, and Science of the Artificial After Herbert Simon
Helge Godoe (2012)
10.1007/S13132-019-00595-3
Triple Helix of University–Industry–Government Relations in Japan: Transitions of Collaborations and Interactions
Noriko Yoda (2019)
10.21747/9789898969460/geoa4
Especialização inteligente: as redes de projetos europeus H2020 com ancoragem em Portugal
H. Santos (2018)
10.1007/978-1-4020-9949-6_7
The European Creative Class and Regional Development: How Relevant Is Florida's Theory for Europe?
H. K. Hansen (2009)
10.1016/J.INDMARMAN.2010.06.008
Exploring the role of spatial relationships to transform knowledge in a business idea - Beyond a geographic proximity
C. Cantù (2010)
10.1016/J.TECHSOC.2016.05.002
Challenges for China's banks: Investment policies to support technology-based start-ups
Jarunee Wonglimpiyarat (2016)
The Uncertainty-Embedded Innovation Process : A study of how uncertainty emerges in the innovation process and of how firms address that to create novelty
Sabrina Luthfa Karim (2017)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar