← Back to Search
X. Luo, Ingrid A. Rousseau
Published 2009 ·
Download PDFAnalyze on Scholarcy
Molecular electronics describes the field in which molecules are utilized as the active (switching, sensing, etc.) or passive (current rectifiers, surface passivants) elements in electronic devices. This review focuses on experimental aspects of molecular electronics that researchers have elucidated over the past decade or so and that relate to the fabrication of molecular electronic devices in which the molecular components are readily distinguished within the electronic properties of the device. Materials, fabrication methods, and methods for characterizing electrode materials, molecular monolayers, and molecule/electrode interfaces are discussed. A particular focus is on devices in which the molecules or molecular monolayer are sandwiched between two immobile electrodes. Four specific examples of such devices, in which the electron transport characteristics reflect distinctly molecular properties, are discussed. 1 A nn u. R ev . M at er . R es . 2 00 9. 39 :1 -2 3. D ow nl oa de d fr om a rj ou rn al s. an nu al re vi ew s. or g by C al if or ni a In st itu te o f T ec hn ol og y on 1 0/ 09 /0 9. F or p er so na l u se o nl y. ANRV380-MR39-01 ARI 27 May 2009 13:21
This paper references
Chemical manipulation of multifunctional hydrocarbons on silicon surfaces
T. R. Leftwich (2007)
Controlled modulation of conductance in silicon devices by molecular monolayers.
T. He (2006)
Langmuir-Blodgett film structure. Surf
DK Schwartz (1997)
Single-molecule vibrational spectroscopy and microscopy
A Aviram (1974)
Investigation of a model molecular-electronic rectifier with an evaporated Ti-metal top contact
Shun-chi Chang (2003)
Direct Observation of Nanoscale Switching Centers in Metal/Molecule/Metal Structures
C. Lau (2004)
Molecular modeling of covalently attached alkyl monolyaers on the hydrogen-terminated
AB Sieval (2001)
Bond insertion, complexation, and penetration pathways of vapor-deposited aluminum atoms with HO- and CH(3)O-terminated organic monolayers.
G. Fisher (2002)
Dependence of the rate of an interfacial Diels-Alder reaction on the steric environment of the immobilized dienophile: an example of enthalpy-entropy compensation.
Youngeun Kwon (2002)
Theory of intensities in inelastic-electron tunneling spectroscopy orientation of adsorbed molecules
J. Kirtley (1980)
Metallic contact formation for molecular electronics: interactions between vapor-deposited metals and self-assembled monolayers of conjugated mono- and dithiols.
B. de Boer (2004)
The First Studies of a Tetrathiafulvalene‐σ‐Acceptor Molecular Rectifier
Gregory Ho (2005)
Nanoscale science of single molecules using local probes
A 160,000 bit molecular electronic memory circuit patterned at 1011 bits per square centimeter
JE Green (2007)
Reproducible measurement of singlemolecule conductivity
Xd Cui (2001)
Infrared spectroscopic characterization of rotaxane molecular switch tunnel junction devices.
E. DeIonno (2006)
Nanotube molecular wires as chemical sensors
Low-temperature STM images of methylated Si(111) surfaces
H Yu (2005)
Characterization of Organosulfur Molecular Monolayers on Au(111) using Scanning Tunneling Microscopy.
G. Poirier (1997)
Through-Bond and Chain-to-Chain Coupling. Two Pathways in Electron Tunneling through Liquid Alkanethiol Monolayers on Mercury Electrodes
K. Slowinski (1997)
Mechanism of Electron Conduction in Self‐Assembled Alkanethiol Monolayer Devices
T. Lee (2003)
Penetration of Deposited Ag and Cu Overlayers Through Alkanethiol Self-Assembled Monolayers on Gold
G. Herdt (1997)
Soft Deposition of Large‐Area Metal Contacts for Molecular Electronics
Ken T. Shimizu (2006)
A Catenane-Based Solid State Electronically Reconfigurable Switch
C. Collier (2000)
Energy-level alignment at interfaces between metals and the organic semiconductor 4,4′-N,N′-dicarbazolyl-biphenyl
I. Hill (1998)
Conductance Switching in Single Molecules Through Conformational Changes
Z. Donhauser (2001)
Organic rectifying junctions
Je Meinhard (1964)
Intramolecular Charge Transfer in Aromatic Free Radicals
H. Mcconnell (1961)
Electrical characterization of Al/AlOx/molecule/Ti/Al devices
C. Richter (2005)
Rectification by a monolayer of hexadecylquinolinium tricyanoquino-dimethanide between gold electrodes
T Xu (2001)
Alkyl monolayers covalently bonded to silicon surfaces
M. R. Linford (1993)
Electronically configurable molecular-based logic gates
Memristive switching mechanism for metal/oxide/metal nanodevices.
J. Yang (2008)
Electron transport through a metal-molecule-metal junction
C. Kergueris (1999)
Fabrication and investigation of asymmetric current-voltage characteristics of a metal Langmuir-Blodgett monolayer metal
NJ Geddes (1990)
Recent advances in inelastic electron tunneling spectroscopy
P. Hansma (1978)
Nanographenes as active components of single-molecule electronics and how a scanning tunneling microscope puts them to work.
K. Müllen (2008)
Molecular-mechanical switch-based solid-state electrochromic devices.
D. Steuerman (2004)
Electron transmission through molecules and molecular interfaces.
A. Nitzan (2001)
Electrochemically programmed, spatially selective biofunctionalization of silicon wires.
Yuri L Bunimovich (2004)
Au-S-CnH2n-Q3CNQ: self-assembled monolayers for molecular rectification
G. J. Ashwell (2004)
Probing molecular junctions using surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy.
Ken T. Shimizu (2006)
The International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) Process integration, devices, and structures
Conductivity of a single DNA duplex bridging a carbon nanotube gap.
Xuefeng Guo (2008)
Chemical Effects of Methyl and Methyl Ester Groups on the Nucleation and Growth of Vapor-Deposited Aluminum Films
A. Hooper (1999)
Patterning self-assembled monolayers
R. Smith (2004)
Towards molecular electronics with large-area molecular junctions
H. Akkerman (2006)
The molecule-electrode interface in single-molecule transistors.
H. Yu (2003)
Contacting organic molecules by metal evaporation
H. Haick (2004)
Kinetics of oxidation on hydrogen‐terminated Si(100) and (111) surfaces stored in air
T. Miura (1996)
Kondo effect and channel mixing in oscillating molecules
J. Mravlje (2008)
A nonoxidative approach towards chemically and electrochemically biofunctionalizing Si(111)
Rd Rohde (2006)
Assembly of functional molecular nanostructures on surfaces.
Elba Gomar-Nadal (2008)
Coulomb blockade and the Kondo effect in single-atom transistors
J. Park (2002)
Observed suppression of room temperature negative differential resistance in organic monolayers on Si(100)
N. Guisinger (2004)
Room Temperature Negative Differential Resistance through Individual Organic Molecules on Silicon Surfaces
N. Guisinger (2004)
In-situ infrared spectroscopy of buried organic monolayers: influence of the substrate on titanium reactivity with a Langmuir-Blodgett film.
Carrie L Donley (2007)
Scanning tunneling microscopy of ethylated Si(111) surfaces prepared by a chlorination/alkylation process.
H. Yu (2006)
Temperature-dependent and friction-controlled electrochemically induced shuttling along molecular strings associated with electrodes.
Eugenii Katz (2005)
Unimolecular electrical rectifiers.
R. Metzger (2003)
Self-assembled monolayers of thiolates on metals as a form of nanotechnology.
J. Love (2005)
Molecular rectification: self-assembled monolayers in which donor-(pi-bridge)-acceptor moieties are centrally located and symmetrically coupled to both gold electrodes.
G. J. Ashwell (2004)
Errata An online log of corrections to Annual Review of Materials Research articles may be found at http://matsci.annualreviews.org/errata.shtml Contents ix
Elastic and inelastic tunneling in alkane self-assembled monolayers
Wy Wang (2004)
Molecule-Independent Electrical Switching in Pt/Organic Monolayer/Ti Devices
D. Stewart (2004)
Capacitance of a molecular overlayer on the silicon surface measured by scanning tunneling microscopy
R. Akiyama (2000)
Self assembled monolayers on silicon for molecular electronics.
D. Aswal (2006)
Molecular dynamics simulation of amphiphilic bistable rotaxane langmuir monolayers at the air/water interface.
S. Jang (2005)
Highly Stable Si−C Linked Functionalized Monolayers on the Silicon (100) Surface
A. Sieval (1998)
Controlled Functionalization and Multistep Chemical Manipulation of Covalently Modified Si(111) Surfaces1
Rabah Boukherroub and (1999)
Recent Progress in Theoretical Prediction, Preparation, and Characterization of Layered Ternary Transition-Metal Carbides
J. Wang (2009)
Charge transport through molecular junctions
M. Hersam (2004)
Langmuir−Blodgett film structure
D. Schwartz (1997)
Design, characterization, and one-point in vivo calibration of a subcutaneously implanted glucose electrode.
E. Csöregi (1994)
Large On-Off Ratios and Negative Differential Resistance in a Molecular Electronic Device.
A 160,000 bit molecular electronic memory circuit patterned at 10 11 bits per square centimeter
Je Green (2007)
Molecular Electronic Junctions
R. McCreery (2004)
Measurement of single-molecule conductance.
F. Chen (2007)
The Structure of a Tetraazapentacene Molecular Monolayer
H. Choi (2002)
Fabrication and investigation of asymmetric current-voltage characteristics of a metal/Langmuir-Blodgett monolayer/metal structure
N. J. Geddes (1990)
Structural defects in self-assembled organic monolayers via combined atomic beam and x-ray diffraction
N. Camillone (1993)
Influence of defects on the electrical characteristics of mercury-drop junctions: self-assembled monolayers of n-alkanethiolates on rough and smooth silver.
E. Weiss (2007)
Label‐Free Nanowire and Nanotube Biomolecular Sensors for In‐Vitro Diagnosis of Cancer and other Diseases
J. Heath (2007)
Characterization of carbon/nitroazobenzene/titanium molecular electronic junctions with photoelectron and Raman spectroscopy.
Aletha M. Nowak (2004)
The metastability of an electrochemically controlled nanoscale machine on gold surfaces.
H. Tseng (2004)
A Chemically and Electrochemically Switchable Catenane Incorporating a Tetrathiafulvalene Unit.
M. Asakawa (1998)
Contents Materials Advances for Next-Generation Microelectronics
Downloaded from arjournals.annualreviews.org by California Institute of Technology on 10/09/09. For personal use only
Molecular-based electronically switchable tunnel junctions
Cp Collier (2001)
Quantitative real-time measurements of DNA hybridization with alkylated nonoxidized silicon nanowires in electrolyte solution.
Yuri L Bunimovich (2006)
Molecules on silicon: Self-consistent first-principles theory and calibration to experiments
T. Rakshit (2005)
Structures and properties of self-assembled monolayers of bistable rotaxanes on Au (111) surfaces from molecular dynamics simulations validated with experiment.
S. Jang (2005)
Molecular Modeling of Covalently Attached Alkyl Monolayers on the Hydrogen-Terminated Si(111) Surface
A. Sieval (2001)
Creating large area molecular electronic junctions using atomic layer deposition
M. J. Preiner (2008)
Electrical Properties of Junctions between Hg and Si(111) Surfaces Functionalized with Short-Chain Alkyls
S. Maldonado (2007)
Nanomechanical oscillations in a single-C60 transistor
H. Park (2000)
Hall Mobility Measurements and Chemical Stability of Ultrathin, Methylated Si(111)-on-Insulator Films
J. Green (2008)
Molecules that mimic Schottky diodes.
G. J. Ashwell (2006)
Nanowire Nanosensors for Highly Sensitive and Selective Detection of Biological and Chemical Species
Yunlong Cui (2001)
Soft Contact Deposition onto Molecularly Modified GaAs. Thin Metal Film Flotation: Principles and Electrical Effects
A. Vilan (2002)
Energy level alignment at organic semiconductor/metal interfaces: effect of polar self-assembled monolayers at the interface.
K. Demirkan (2008)
Electrochemical DNA sensors. Nat. Biotech
Tg Drummond (2003)
Nano-mechanical oscillations in a single-C 60 transistor
Electrical conduction through adsorbed monolayers
E. E. Polymeropoulos (1978)
Next-Generation Technology Hits an Early Midlife Crisis
R. Service (2003)
Fully methylated, atomically flat (111) silicon surface
A. Fidelis (2000)
In situ Raman spectroscopy of bias-induced structural changes in nitroazobenzene molecular electronic junctions.
Aletha M. Nowak (2004)
Si-C linked organic monolayers on crystalline silicon surfaces as alternative gate insulators.
E. Faber (2005)
Synthetic molecular motors and mechanical machines.
Euan R Kay (2007)
Electromechanics of a redox-active rotaxane in a monolayer assembly on an electrode.
Eugenii Katz (2004)
Downloaded from arjournals.annualreviews.org by California Institute of Technology on 10/09/09. For personal use only. AR380-FM ARI 27
Kondo resonance in a single-molecule transistor
W. Liang (2002)
Ground-state equilibrium thermodynamics and switching kinetics of bistable rotaxanes switched in solution, polymer gels, and molecular electronic devices.
J. Choi (2005)
Single-walled carbon nanotube based molecular switch tunnel junctions.
M. Diehl (2003)
Conductance of a Molecular Junction
M. Reed (1997)
"Clicking" functionality onto electrode surfaces.
J. P. Collman (2004)
Electrical and spectroscopic characterization of metal/monolayer/Si devices.
C. Richter (2005)
Preparation of air-stable, low recombination velocity Si(111) surfaces through alkyl termination
William J. Royea (2000)
Covalently Bridging Gaps in Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes with Conducting Molecules
Xuefeng Guo (2006)
Asymmetric scattering of polarized electrons by organized organic films of chiral molecules
Energy-level alignment and work function shifts for thiol-bound monolayers of conjugated molecules self-assembled on Ag, Cu
CD Zangmeister (2007)
Energy-level alignment and work function shifts for thiol-bound monolayers of conjugated molecules self-assembled on Ag
Cd Zangmeister (2007)
Novel NO Biosensor Based on the Surface Derivatization of GaAs by “Hinged” Iron porphyrins
Deng Guo Wu (2000)
This paper is referenced by
Molecular Switches: A Review
Asha Lather (2012)
A Novel Defect Tolerance Scheme for Nanocrossbar Architectures with Enhanced Efficiency
Devisree Sasikumar (2018)
Spatial periodicity in molecular switching.
C. Dri (2008)
Controlling intramolecular hydrogen transfer in a porphycene molecule with single atoms or molecules located nearby.
T. Kumagai (2014)
Tuning reaction processes for the synthesis of micron and nanometer sized, single crystalline lamellae of copper 7,7,8,8-tetracyano-p-quinodimethane (Phase II) with large area
Y. Liu (2009)
Field emission: Based many-valued processing using carbon nanotube controlled switches: Part 1: Fundamentals
Anas N. Al-Rabadi (2012)
Multifractal Analysis of a DNA Based Molecular Transistor
S. Behnia (2018)
Molecular wires: Tuning of electron transport
S. Maiti (2008)
Nanoelectromechanical coupling in fullerene peapods probed by resonant electrical transport experiments.
P. Utko (2010)
Charge Carrier Mobility in Phthalocyanines: Experiment and Quantum Chemical Calculations
I. Kratochvílová (2012)
Electron Transport and Redox Reactions in Solid-State Molecular Electronic Devices
R. McCreery (2015)
Westinghouse: Microcircuit Pioneer from Molecular Electronics to ICs
Edgar A. Sack (2012)
Insights into Solid-State Electron Transport through Proteins from Inelastic Tunneling Spectroscopy: The Case of Azurin.
X. Yu (2015)
ECBC-TR-720 TOWARDS COMPLEX ABIOTIC SYSTEMS FOR CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL SENSING SMC
Conductance of a phenylene-vinylene molecular wire: Contact gap and tilt angle dependence
A. Bilić (2010)
A Defect Tolerance Scheme for Nanoscale Crossbar Memory
Yoon-Hwa Choi (2018)
Advantages and limitations of transition voltage spectroscopy: A theoretical analysis
F. Mirjani (2011)
Efficient parallel processing with spin-wave nanoarchitectures
M. Eshaghian-Wilner (2008)
Charge transport at the metal-organic interface.
S. Chen (2013)
The Long History of Molecular Electronics
Hyungsub Choi (2009)
Atomistic modeling of dynamical quantum transport
Christian Oppenlander (2013)
Multiple-Valued Computing Using Field Emission - Based Carbon Nanotube Controlled Switching
Anas N. Al-Rabadi (2010)
Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroelectrochemistry of TTF-Modified Self-Assembled Monolayers.
W. Paxton (2011)
Nonequilibrium transport response from equilibrium transport theory
V. García-Suárez (2012)
Nonmechanical Conductance Switching in a Molecular Tunnel Junction.
Adva Baratz (2012)
Fabrication and Characterization of Nanometer Scale Organic Electronic Devices: Application to Field-Effect Transistors
Clavijo Cedeno (2014)
Orthogonally modulated molecular transport junctions for resettable electronic logic gates
Fanben Meng (2014)
Low-dimensional Materials for Organic Electronic Applications
Sumit Beniwal (2016)
Unraveling to the Ground State Electronic Structure of a Synthesized Fullerene–Metallocene Functional Dyad
Prabhudatta Hota (2013)
Metal molecule GaAs devices using redox-active organic self-assembled monolayers
R.K. Jean (2007)
The vapour sensing capabilities of organic field-effect transistors
L. Hague (2012)
Bioenergetics and Biological Electron Transport
P. Bartlett (2008)See more